North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue, Dickinson, ND 58601-4642 Voice: (701) 483-2348 FAX: (701) 483-2005


SMALL GRAIN CROPS IN SOUTHWESTERN NORTH DAKOTA

P. Carr, Associate Agronomist, Dickinson Research Extension Center
G. Martin, Research Specialist, Dickinson Research Extension Center
B. Melchior, Ag Research Technician, Dickinson Research Extension Center
L. Tisor, Research Technician, Dickinson Research Extension Center
E. Elias, Associate Professor, Plant Sciences, NDSU, Fargo, ND
J. Franckowiak, Professor, Plant Sciences, NDSU, Fargo, ND
R. Frohberg, Professor, Plant Sciences, NDSU, Fargo, ND
R. Horsley, Associate Professor, Plant Sciences, NDSU, Fargo, ND
M. McMullen, Associate Professor, Plant Sciences, NDSU, Fargo, ND

SUMMARY

New crop cultivars and advanced experimentals from public and private agencies must be developed for the continued viability of crop and crop-livestock systems in southwestern North Dakota. The North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station is obligated to provide unbiased data and interpretations which can be used by producers to choose cultivars for farm production. This project will collect and publish information on the comparative performance of small grain cultivars in southwestern North Dakota. This project will also provide grain for quality evaluation.

OBJECTIVE

Evaluate genotypes of hard red spring wheat, hard red winter wheat, durum spring wheat, spring barley, and spring oat in southwestern North Dakota.

INTRODUCTION

Crop production is a significant income generator for southwestern farmers and ranchers. Cash receipts from crops accounted for 52% of total farm income in the South Central, Southwestern, and West Central Crop Reporting Districts in 1994 (Beard and Hamlin, 1996). When government payments were considered, over 57% of total farm income came directly from cash receipts for crops. This excludes the value of forages grown and fed directly to livestock on farms.

Wheat, barley, and oat are the major small grain crops grown in western North Dakota. The annual value of these cereal grains grown between 1990-94 was over $280,000,000 in the three southwestern crop reporting districts (Beard and Hamlin, 1996). Development of improved small grain cultivars is necessary to ensure that the farm income generated by grain crops, either directly by cash payment or indirectly through livestock, can be maintained or enhanced.

Cultivar comparison trials have been the foundation of yield, quality, and agronomic evaluation of crop cultivars in North Dakota. Early reports from the Agricultural Experiment Station contained data obtained from comparison trials (Hays, 1893a, 1893b). These trials still are important to obtain information for cultivar release and recommendations (Cox et al., 1988; Frohberg, 1991). Each year approximately 45 hard red spring wheat, 10 hard red winter wheat, 30 durum wheat, 30 oat, and 25 barley cultivars are evaluated in comparison studies at the Dickinson Research Extension Center (DREC). These comparisons include both named cultivars and experimental lines from NDSU, and other public and private breeding programs in the U.S. and Canada. Evaluations are used to make cultivar recommendations.

Grain produced in plots from the comparison trials is used in quality evaluations by personnel of the Department of Cereal Chemistry and Food Technology at NDSU, Fargo, ND. Quality evaluations of experimental lines are compared to cultivars currently grown by producers. The quality and agronomic performance of an experimental line at various locations is one of the major bases for the recommended release of that line as a named cultivar or its removal from consideration for further testing.

Experimental lines from other state experiment stations and private plant breeding companies also are evaluated for quality. Although data from this project are not instrumental in the eventual release or rejection of lines from these sources, it does provide information on agronomic characteristics prior to release and does assist in cultivar recommendations.

Soils at the Dickinson Research Extension Center (DREC) are representative of a large percentage of southwestern North Dakota soils. However, not all prominent soil types occurring in the southwestern portion of the state occur at the DREC. Moreover, local climatic differences between different areas in the region exist. For these reasons, cultivar comparison studies are conducted at sites besides the DREC to provide an area test of crop cultivar performance at several locations in southwestern North Dakota.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Seed of cultivars evaluated in comparison trials generally were provided by plant breeders at North Dakota State University in Fargo, or from drill strips at the DREC. Cultivars developed from neighboring land-grant institutions and Canada, as well as private plant breeding companies were included.

Cultural practices including tillage and seeding, fertilization, herbicide application, and harvesting followed currently acceptable agronomic procedure in implementing and maintaining cultivar comparison trials. Cultivars and genotypes of each small grain crop (hard red spring wheat, hard red winter wheat, durum wheat, spring barley, and spring oat) were evaluated using a replicated randomized complete block design. Demonstration strips also were maintained for grower observation, crop field tours, and for a sufficient amount of seed for quality evaluations. Crop trials were conducted on both previously fallowed and continuously-cropped land. Experiments were located on both conventionally-tilled and no-tilled seedbeds.

Plant growth was monitored throughout the growing season. Variables that were measured on each plot at Dickinson included: days to heading, plant height, plant lodging at physiological maturity, grain yield, kernel weight, grain volume weight, and grain protein content. Ten random plants in each plot of three replicates within the hard red spring wheat comparison trial were evaluated for flag leaf spotting, using the system developed by McMullen and Francl (M. McMullen and L. Francl, per. comm., 1992).

Data collected at off-station sites included grain yield, grain volume weight, kernel weight, and grain protein content for wheat. Quality characteristics for product acceptance will be determined by the Department of Cereal Science and Food Technology at North Dakota State University from grain samples provided.

Data were analyzed using a computer statistical program.

RESULTS

Keene was the highest yielding conventional height cultivar among hard spring wheat cultivars evaluated in 1996 at Dickinson. Among conventional height cultivars, Amidon, Butte 86, Ernest, Keene, and Trenton have produced the most grain over the past three years. Among semidwarf cultivars, 2398, Lars, McNeal, Norm, and Verde have produced the most grain. Gross returns among wheat cultivars evaluated in the spring wheat cultivar trial were comparable except for those generated by the following cultivars (which were lower): Lars, Penewawa (white wheat), AC Domain, AC Eatonia, AC Majestic, and BacUp.

The hard red spring wheat cultivars 2375, 2398, Amidon, Hamer, and Kulm produced more grain at Glen Ullin than the other cultivars evaluated in 1996. Higher returns were generated by Kulm than by 2371, McNeal, and Russ. The other cultivars evaluated generated similar returns to those generated by Kulm.

A hard red winter wheat trial was successfully established in a no-tillage seedbed at Dickinson in 1996. Average yield among the 10 cultivars evaluated was 72.3 bu/acre; Abiline produced the most grain (79.3 bu/acre) and Agassiz the least amount (64.1 bu/acre). Highest returns were generated by Abiline, though comparable amounts were also generated by Arapahoe, CDC Kestrel, and Seward.

Average yield among the 16 commercial durum cultivars evaluated at Dickinson was 56.6 bu/acre in 1996. Ben, Lloyd, and Renville were the highest yielding cultivars. Highest returns were generated by Dressler, Lloyd, Plenty, Renville, Sceptre, and Ward.

At Glen Ullin, four of the five cultivars evaluated generated comparable returns (Ben, Munich, Renville, and Vic); returns were lower when Voss was grown.

Yield of the 15 commercial barley cultivars averaged 62.2 bu/acre at Dickinson in 1996. Over the past three years, Excel and Stander have been the leading six-rowed barley cultivars for yield. Among two-rowed cultivars, Logan has been the leading cultivar for yield.

Highest returns were generated by two, two-rowed cultivars (Logan and Conlon) among the barley cultivars evaluated at Dickinson in 1996. Among the cultivars evaluated at Glen Ullin, highest returns were generated by Foster and Stander.

Yield averaged 82.7 bu/acre among the 21 commercial oat cultivars evaluated at Dickinson in 1996. Derby and Calibre oat have produced the most grain over the past three years among oat cultivars compared. Derby, Calibre, and Troy generated the highest returns among oat cultivars considered in 1996 at Dickinson, while Whitestone produced highest returns at Glen Ullin.

Hard Red Spring Wheat - Fallow Glen Ullin
Variety Seeds
lbs
Test Weight
lbs/bu
Returns
$/acre
Protein
%
% of Grandin Grain Yield Average Yield
1994 1995 1996 2 year 3 year
bu/ac
2371 14,780 59.9 235.72 15.1 81 -- 51.8 53.9 52.9 --
2375 12,708 61.4 273.10 13.5 107 51.3 63.8 71.4 67.6 62.2
2398 12,787 60.9 263.35 13.3 105 -- -- 69.6 -- --
Amidon 13,573 61.3 272.69 14.3 103 49.4 60.4 68.5 64.5 59.4
Ernest 13,623 60.9 277.39 14.6 102 -- 62.9 67.6 65.2 --
Grandin 12,681 61.8 282.85 15.0 100 46.5 54.8 66.5 60.7 55.9
Hamer 12,225 60.3 271.97 14.2 103 -- -- 68.6 -- --
Kulm 13,656 62.0 286.32 14.8 102 48.9 59.8 67.7 63.7 58.8
McNeal 16,294 57.3 215.43 14.1 83 48.2 60.1 55.1 57.6 54.5
Keene 14,479 62.0 261.98 14.6 98 -- -- 65.2 -- --
Russ 12,865 60.8 266.69 14.2 101 -- -- 67.1 -- --
Trenton 12,652 61.9 275.02 14.6 100 -- 59.6 66.8 63.2 --
                     
Mean 13,527 60.8 265.21 14.4 -- -- -- 65.7 -- --
C.V. % 4 0.5 4.7 1.3 -- -- -- 4.0 -- --
LSD .05 694 0.4 18.1 0.3 -- -- -- 3.8 -- --
Planting Date: May 28
Harvest Date: September 12
Previous crop: Fallow; Soil test results: 86lbs N and 14ppm P - applied 130lbs Urea and 25lbs DAP per acre; Applied 1.25pt Bronate per acre on June 17.
Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1996 yield by the protein premium/discount and test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on October 4.

 

Hard Red Spring Wheat - Green Fallow Dickinson

Variety

Days to Head Plant Height
in
Lodging Score
0-9
Foliar Disease
%
Seeds
lbs
Test Weight
lbs/bu
Semidwarf
2370 61 26 0.0 67.5 16,174 61.1
2371 64 28 0.0 51.0 16,193 60.5
2375 61 27 0.0 60.5 15,159 60.6
2398 62 26 0.3 9.8 13,089 62.4
Grandin 61 27 0.0 68.3 15,935 60.3
Gus 63 25 0.0 36.2 16,843 61.1
Hamer 61 25 0.0 38.7 14,193 61.0
Lars 63 21 0.0 20.2 15,271 60.6
McNeal 63 27 0.0 29.3 14,683 61.0
Norlander 60 24 0.0 83.7 17,855 60.1
Norm 62 27 0.0 14.2 14,063 61.6
Oxen 61 26 0.0 59.3 16,186 61.4
Penewawa 63 23 0.0 40.8 15,659 61.3
Sonja 62 24 0.0 57.7 15,363 59.8
Verde 63 26 0.0 10.0 14,358 61.5
Wawawai 62 28 0.3 38.7 12,919 61.0
Whitebird 62 25 0.0 26.7 16,186 62.9
Conventional
AC Barrie 62 30 0.0 27.7 14,922 61.5
AC Cora 62 31 0.8 24.8 15,444 60.5
AC Domain 61 30 0.0 42.7 15,883 61.1
AC Eatonia 63 29 0.8 23.8 15,267 61.8
AC Majestic 64 29 0.0 31.0 17,131 59.5
AC Reed 61 26 0.0 13.8 15,317 61.0
Amidon 62 31 0.0 19.7 14,876 61.9
Bacup 59 28 0.8 92.2 16,425 62.9
Butte 86 60 30 0.0 24.5 13,776 62.5
CDC Teal 61 29 0.0 12.0 15,179 60.9
Ernest 61 31 0.0 8.0 14,296 62.6
Gunner 63 27 0.0 24.7 16,483 62.8
Keene 62 30 0.0 25.5 15,815 62.5
Kulm 60 28 0.3 80.2 16,245 62.4
Russ 61 27 0.0 78.2 15,546 60.5
Sharp 60 31 0.3 50.8 14,790 62.9
Trenton 62 31 0.3 28.0 14,471 62.3
 
Mean 62 27 0.1 38.8 15,353 61.4
C.V. % 1.1 8 233.8 59.0 8 1.7
LSD .05 1 3 0.3 37.3 1,791 1.4
Planting Date: April 29; Harvest Date: August 14; Lodging: 0=No lodging, 9=Completely flat; Previous crop: Black lentil (plow down); Soil test results 118lbs N and 13ppm P - Applied 60lbs Urea and 25lbs DAP per acre; Applied 2pt Hoelon per acre on June 3; Applied .33oz Harmony Extra+.75pt MCPA ester per acre on June 3

 

Hard Red Spring Wheat - Green Fallow Dickinson

Variety

Protein
%
Returns Grain Yield Average Yield
1994 1995 1996 2 year 3 year
bu/ac
Semidwarf
2370 16.1 200.96 44.2 46.8 44.5 45.7 45.2
2371 17.0 184.41 42.3 49.1 40.4 44.8 43.9
2375 14.9 190.57 44.1 49.1 45.5 47.3 46.2
2398 14.5 215.23 50.7 60.7 53.5 57.1 55.0
Grandin 15.5 180.55 42.3 54.0 41.2 47.6 45.8
Gus 16.3 192.88 44.7 52.8 42.5 47.7 46.7
Hamer 15.2 187.57 52.3 53.8 42.8 48.3 49.6
Lars 14.1 164.22 49.3 62.1 41.1 51.6 50.8
McNeal 15.4 207.81 47.4 61.5 48.6 55.1 52.5
Norlander 16.2 199.74 40.9 53.7 45.3 49.5 46.6
Norm 14.4 192.40 49.3 54.6 48.2 51.4 50.7
Oxen 15.4 200.91 -- 54.5 44.7 49.6 --
Penewawa 12.6 177.81 43.2 47.0 47.2 47.1 45.8
Sonja 14.9 183.88 44.6 53.8 43.7 48.7 47.4
Verde 14.9 196.69 49.6 56.4 47.4 51.9 51.1
Wawawai 13.2 199.81 -- -- 52.6 -- --
Whitebird 12.0 186.70 -- -- 50.3 -- --
               
Conventional              
AC Barrie 15.4 194.51 40.0 50.7 43.3 47.0 44.7
AC Cora 15.9 203.83 38.4 45.3 45.0 45.1 42.9
AC Domain 16.2 175.98 39.4 39.4 38.8 39.1 39.2
AC Eatonia 16.4 173.62 39.1 36.0 38.4 37.2 37.8
AC Majestic 15.9 155.79 -- -- 36.7 -- --
AC Reed 12.4 187.90 -- -- 50.4 -- --
Amidon 14.8 183.81 40.0 59.6 45.3 52.4 48.3
Bacup 17.8 151.42 -- -- 33.2 -- --
Butte 86 14.9 202.16 43.5 52.7 48.6 50.6 48.3
CDC Teal 15.9 215.10 38.2 45.5 47.5 46.5 43.7
Ernest 15.5 218.76 45.3 55.2 48.5 51.8 49.7
Gunner 16.5 199.14 -- -- 43.7 43.7 43.7
Keene 14.9 193.76 51.8 58.8 45.8 52.3 52.1
Kulm 16.0 179.52 47.3 51.8 39.6 45.7 46.2
Russ 15.2 162.22 41.8 49.7 38.4 44.0 43.3
Sharp 14.6 179.34 44.3 48.2 44.6 46.4 45.7
Trenton 15.1 201.70 44.4 53.6 47.1 50.3 48.4
               
Mean 15.2 189.43 -- -- 44.5 -- --
C.V. % 4.5 13.9 -- -- 14.6 -- --
LSD .05 1.0 36.83 -- -- 9.1 -- --

 

Hard Red Winter Wheat - Green Fallow Dickinson
Variety Days to Head Height
in
Seeds
lbs
Test Weight
lbs/bu
Protein
%
Returns
$/ac
Grain Yield
bu/ac
Abiline 274 26 15,818 63.0 13.6 297.22 79.3
Agassiz 279 41 14,954 59.5 13.9 240.40 64.1
Alliance 273 29 15,296 60.9 12.2 260.07 70.2
Arapahoe 275 32 14,642 60.9 13.8 279.47 74.5
CDC Kestrel 278 36 15,418 58.3 12.4 287.88 77.8
Elkhorn 279 37 15,164 60.0 13.5 241.28 64.4
Judith 275 33 13,803 58.0 13.1 291.69 78.7
Nekota 274 28 13,071 62.1 13.8 260.18 69.3
Roughrider 277 37 13,659 61.4 14.1 258.44 68.8
Seward 278 38 14,467 60.0 12.6 280.22 75.5
 
Mean 276 34 14,629 60.4 13.3 269.69 72.3
C.V. % 0.3 4 6.2 1.7 1.4 6.1 6.2
LSD .05 1.3 2 1316 1.5 0.3 23.77 6.5
Planting Date: September 15 (No-Till)
Harvest Date: July 29
Previous crop: Black lentil (burn down); Applied .33oz Express+.75pt 2,4-D per acre on May 30.
Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1996 yield by the protein premium/discount and test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on October 4.

 

Durum Wheat - Fallow Dickinson
Variety Type Days to Head Plant Height
in
Lodging Score
0-9
Seeds
lbs
Test Weight
lbs/bu
AC Melita Tall 64 32 0.0 10,245 60.3
Ben Medium 65 33 0.3 9,880 59.6
Dressler Tall 64 32 0.0 11,159 62.1
Laker Semidwarf 66 30 0.0 9,694 59.1
Lloyd Semidwarf 64 30 0.0 9,740 60.6
Medora Tall 64 32 0.0 11,070 60.3
Monroe Tall 62 33 0.0 10,815 62.0
Munich Medium 65 32 0.0 12,669 61.8
Plenty Tall 64 35 0.5 11,149 61.4
Regold Tall 65 34 0.0 10,176 58.9
Renville Tall 64 33 0.5 11,391 60.6
Rugby Tall 65 33 0.0 11,698 60.0
Sceptre Medium 64 33 0.0 11,753 61.6
Vic Tall 64 33 0.0 10,311 60.6
Voss Semidwarf 65 28 0.0 10,367 59.5
Ward Tall 64 33 0.3 11,792 62.4
             
Mean   64 32 0.1 10,869 60.7
C.V. %   0.8 7 283.8 4.2 1.5
LSD .05   0.8 3 0.4 647 1.3
Planting Date: April 29
Harvest Date: August 15
Lodging: 0=No lodging, 9=Completely flat
Previous crop: Fallow; Soil test results: 67lbs N and 9ppm P - Applied 160lbs Urea and 50lbs DAP per acre; Applied 2pt Hoelon per acre on June 3; Applied .33oz Harmony Extra+.75pt MCPA ester per acre on June 3.

 

Durum Wheat - Fallow Dickinson

Variety

Protein
%

Returns
$/ac
Grain Yield Average Yield
1994 1995 1996 2 year 3 year
bu/ac
AC Melita 14.1 247.37 -- 49.1 56.4 52.8 --
Ben -- 235.56 35.7 60.1 59.3 59.7 51.7
Dressler 14.0 256.22 -- -- 58.3 -- --
Laker 13.3 244.49 40.7 50.0 57.0 53.5 49.2
Lloyd 12.9 270.37 38.1 46.9 63.8 55.3 49.6
Medora 14.1 230.66 38.7 45.0 52.5 48.8 45.4
Monroe 14.4 230.14 33.3 48.7 52.3 50.5 44.8
Munich 14.1 246.63 35.1 56.9 56.1 56.5 49.4
Plenty 14.1 251.24 35.7 50.3 57.2 53.7 47.7
Regold 13.7 241.12 33.4 53.0 55.7 54.4 47.4
Renville 14.0 267.30 38.0 54.3 60.9 57.6 51.1
Rugby 14.2 226.53 41.1 56.0 51.6 53.8 49.6
Sceptre 13.9 255.42 39.3 52.9 58.1 55.5 50.1
Vic 14.4 245.19 37.8 56.2 55.7 56.0 49.9
Voss 13.3 232.90 39.8 59.6 54.2 56.9 51.2
Ward 14.1 251.14 42.6 53.9 57.1 55.5 51.2
 
Mean 13.9 245.77 -- -- 56.6 -- --
C.V. % 2.0 5.6 -- -- 5.7 -- --
LSD .05 0.2 19.45 -- -- 4.6 -- --
Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1996 yield by the protein premium/discount and test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on October 4.

 

Durum - Fallow Glen Ullin
Variety

Seeds
lbs

Test Weight
lbs/bu
Protein
%
Returns
$/acre
% of
Renville
Grain Yield Average Yield
1994 1995 1996 2 year 3 year
bu/ac
Ben 10,346 62 14.0 299 96 -- -- 67.7 -- --
Munich 12,673 60 13.8 306 100 -- 63.4 69.9 66.7 --
Renville 11,900 61 13.7 308 100 48.6 66.5 70.3 68.4 61.8
Vic 10,524 62 14.2 293 94 43.7 65.3 66.1 65.7 58.4
Voss 10,967 61 13.8 266 86 -- -- 60.5 -- --
 
Mean 11,282 61.3 13.9 294.52 -- -- -- 66.9 -- --
C.V. % 3.5 0.6 1.1 4.7 -- -- -- 4.5 -- --
LSD .05 602.4 0.5 0.2 21.3 -- -- -- 4.7 -- --
Planting Date: May 28
Harvest Date: September 12
Previous crop: Fallow; Soil test results: 86lbs N and 14ppm P - applied 130lbs Urea and 25lbs DAP per acre; Applied 1.25pt Bronate per acre on June 17.
Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1996 yield by the protein premium/discount and test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on October 4.

 

Barley - Green Fallow Dickinson
Variety Days to head Plant Height
in
Lodging Score
0-9
Seeds
lbs
Test Weight
lbs/bu
Six Row
Azure 59 31 2.5 14,047 43.5
Excel 61 30 1.3 14,448 42.5
Foster 60 31 0.3 14,189 42.6
Hazen 59 27 0.8 13,190 43.8
Morex 58 31 4.0 13,303 44.6
Robust 60 31 2.5 13,846 43.8
Royal 61 26 0.0 13,377 45.0
Stander 61 27 0.0 15,450 42.0
Two-Row
Bowman 58 28 1.5 10,983 48.0
Chinook 64 28 1.0 12,726 46.1
Conlon 58 28 0.3 9,490 48.6
Gallatin 63 28 0.0 11,452 47.6
Harrington 66 27 0.0 13,243 44.1
Logan 61 29 0.0 9,707 48.1
Stark 62 30 0.0 9,847 48.5
 
Mean 61 29 0.9 12,594 45.3
C.V. % 1.6 11 127.1 7.8 3.6
LSD .05 1 5 1.6 1,396 2.3
Planting Date: April 30
Harvest Date: August 5
Lodging: 0=No lodging, 9=Completely flat
Previous crop: Black lentil (plow down); Soil test results: 32lbs N, 12ppm P - applied 250lbs Urea and 25lbs DAP per acre; Applied 2pt Hoelon per acre on June 3; Applied .33oz Harmony Extra +.75pt MCPA ester per acre on June 3.

 

Barley - Green Fallow Dickinson

Variety Protein
%
Returns
$/ac
Grain Yield Average Yield
1994 1995 1996 2 year 3 year
bu/ac
Six Row
Azure 14.6 129.49 94.6 57.8 60.7 59.2 71.0
Excel 14.1 140.51 95.7 65.2 67.2 66.2 76.0
Foster 14.1 134.14 97.8 56.3 64.1 60.2 72.7
Hazen 14.6 133.98 91.2 51.5 62.2 56.8 68.3
Morex 14.9 118.83 84.1 45.8 54.2 50.0 61.4
Robust 14.8 122.41 90.4 56.7 56.8 56.7 68.0
Royal 14.5 135.13 84.5 48.7 61.8 55.2 65.0
Stander 14.6 131.10 102.8 67.1 62.2 64.7 77.4
Two-Row
Bowman 15.3 128.91 81.0 56.7 56.3 56.5 64.7
Chinook 15.0 128.58

--

62.9 57.7 60.3 --
Conlon 14.2 143.72

94.9

68.9

62.7 65.8

75.5

Gallatin 14.1 155.26 96.9 54.8 68.5 61.6 73.4
Harrington 15.0 122.93 89.9 50.4 56.9 53.7 65.7
Logan 14.2 171.61 98.1 73.0 74.9 73.9 82.0
Stark 14.7 129.29 97.0 58.9 56.2 57.6 70.7
               
Mean 14.6 136.70     62.2    
C.V. % 3.2 15.2     13.4    
LSD .05 0.7 29.67     11.8    
Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1996 yield by the price for feed barley minus the test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on October 4.

 

Barley - Fallow Glen Ullin
Variety Seeds
lbs
Test Weight
lbs/bu
Protein
%
Returns
$/acre
% of Stark Grain Yield   Average Yield
1994 1995 1996 2 year 3 year
bu/ac
Six Row
Foster 11,257 49.9 12.8 260.00 130 -- 65.3 110.7 88.0 --
Stander 11,531 50 13.0 276 138 -- -- 117.5 -- --
Two Row
Bowman 9,916 52 14.1 172 86 68.8 51.3 72.9 62.1 64.3
Chinook 10,771 51 14.2 238 118 -- -- 100.2 -- --
Conlon 8,860 53 13.8 217 107 -- 70.8 91.4 81.1 --
Logan 9,396 52.4 13.8 244.84 121 -- 71.4 103.3 87.4 --
Stark 8,981 53 14.4 202 100 84.6 61.9 85.1 73.5 77.2
                     
Mean 10,101 51.5 13.7 229.88 -- -- -- 97.3 -- --
C.V. % 4.5 1.2 1.2 5.9 -- -- -- 5.6 -- --
LSD .05 675.2 0.9 0.2 20.2 -- -- -- 8.1 -- --
Planting Date: May 28
Harvest Date: August 27
Previous crop: Fallow; Soil test results: 86lbs N and 14ppm P - applied 130lbs Urea and 25lbs DAP per acre; Applied 1.25pt Bronate per acre on June 17.
Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1996 yields by the price paid for feed barley minus the test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on October 4.

 

Oat - Green Fallow Dickinson
Variety Days to Head Plant Height
in
Lodging Score
0-9
Seeds
lbs
Test Weight
lbs/bu
AC Belmont 68 30 0.0 18,694 38.3
Bay 68 28 0.0 16,865 31.8
Brawn 66 30 0.0 11,926 33.4
Calibre 69 26 1.3 13,648 38.4
Derby 70 29 0.5 12,133 38.9
Dumont 68 31 1.0 14,698 36.1
Hytest 65 32 0.5 13,957 39.8
Jerry 64 31 0.0 15,152 37.3
Jim 63 28 0.0 14,561 36.0
Milton 67 29 0.0 16,259 36.4
Monida 69 26 0.3 17,653 35.3
Newdak 63 30 0.3 17,741 33.8
Otana 68 28 0.8 16,129 37.3
Paul 70 26 0.5 18,439 43.0
Porter 67 29 1.3 15,601 36.6
Prairie 65 27 0.3 16,904 31.5
Riel 66 30 0.0 15,097 35.6
Robert 69 28 0.0 12,070 35.1
Troy 68 30 0.5 16,283 37.3
Valley 66 30 0.0 16,945 36.8
Whitestone 68 32 0.0 16,254 34.9
 
Mean 67 29 0.3 15,572 36.3
C.V. % 1.7 11 143.1 7.5 2.6
LSD .05 1.6 5 0.7 1,656.5 1.3
Planting Date: April 24
Harvest Date: August 7
Lodging: 0=No lodging, 9=Completely flat
Previous crop: Sweet clover (plow down); Soil test results 54lbs N and 18ppm P - Applied 210lbs Urea per acre; Applied .33oz Harmony Extra+.75pt MCPA ester per acre on June 3.

 

Oat - Green Fallow Dickinson
Variety Returns
$/ac
Grain Yield Average Yield
1994 1995 1996 2 year 3 year
bu/ac
AC Belmont 84.88 134.6 91.3 74.0 82.6 100.0
Bay 75.85 159.1 110.3 75.9 93.1 115.1
Brawn 84.09 143.5 100.6 84.1 92.3 109.4
Calibre 111.54 180.6 98.1 96.7 97.4 125.1
Derby 121.47 172.0 99.4 101.2 100.3 124.2
Dumont 78.35 163.7 80.0 73.9 76.9 105.9
Hytest 95.72 117.0 73.0 79.8 76.4 89.9
Jerry 94.41 139.4 95.4 85.3 90.4 106.7
Jim 93.94 -- 71.7 91.3 81.5 --
Milton 72.36 138.9 82.3 70.1 76.2 97.1
Monida 87.63 174.5 105.9 87.6 96.8 122.7
Newdak 81.77 155.4 93.0 81.8 87.4 110.1
Otana 95.46 170.6 95.0 84.7 89.8 116.8
Paul 77.64 107.7 92.0 64.7 78.4 88.1
Porter 98.81 157.8 103.8 91.0 97.4 117.5
Prairie 93.27 157.0 100.1 93.3 96.7 116.8
Riel 59.90 154.1 79.9 59.9 69.9 98.0
Robert 86.03 148.0 95.3 86.0 90.7 109.8
Troy 100.99 139.8 100.2 90.0 95.1 110.0
Valley 74.07 143.5 91.3 70.2 80.7 101.7
Whitestone 96.24 154.0 107.1 96.2 101.7 119.1
 
Mean 88.78 -- -- 82.7 -- --
C.V. % 16.1 -- -- 14.3 -- --
LSD .05 20.23 -- -- 16.7 -- --
Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1996 yield by the price paid for feed oats minus the test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on October 4.

 

Oat - Fallow Glen Ullin
Variety Seeds
lbs
Test Weight
lbs/bu
Returns
$/acre
%
of
Jerry
Grain Yield Average Yield
1994 1995 1996 2 year 3 year
---------------------------bu/ac-----------------------------
Bay 15,519 34 117.71 103 -- -- 117.7 -- --
Jerry 15,504 40 136.77 100 107.6 103.7 114.0 108.9 108.4
Jim 14,061 39 122.64 90 -- -- 102.2 -- --
Paul 20,112 40 97.60 71 77.4 83.2 81.3 82.3 80.6
Troy 17,441 39 136.54 100 -- -- 113.8 -- --
Whitestone 16,268 36 134.49 115 99.2 132.2 130.8 131.5 120.7
 
Mean 16,484 38 124.29 -- -- -- 110.0 -- --
C.V. % 7.4 3 5.8 -- -- -- 4.8 -- --
LSD .05 1,838 2 10.8 -- -- -- 7.9 -- --
Planting Date: May 28
Harvest Date: August 27
Previous crop: Fallow; Soil test results: 86lbs N and 14ppm P - applied 130lbs Urea and 25lbs DAP per acre; Applied 1.25pt Bronate per acre on June 17.
Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1996 yield by the price paid for feed oats minus the test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on October 4.

LITERATURE CITED

Beard, L.W., and W.G. Hamlin. 1996. North Dakota agricultural statistics. Bull. No. 65. North Dak. State Univ. Agric. Expt. Stat. and U.S. Dept. Agric. Ag. Stat. Fed. Bldg., Fargo, ND.

Cox, D.J., B.L. D'Appolonia, and J.D. Miller. 1988. Registration of 'Seward' wheat. Crop Sci. 28:378-379.

Fowler, D.B. 1982. Date of seeding, fall growth, and winter survival of winter wheat and rye. Agron. J. 74:1060-1063.

Frohberg, R.C. 1991. Economic impact of plant breeding programs. p. 3-4. In G. Moran (ed.) North Dakota Farm Res. Bimonthly Bull. Vol. 48(4). Fargo, ND.

Hays, W.M. 1893a. p. 72. In Grain and forage crops. North Dak. Agric. Expt. Stat. Bull. No. 10.

Hays, W.M. 1893b. p. 32. In Grain and forage crops. North Dak. Agric. Expt. Stat. Bull. No. 11.


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