North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue, Dickinson, ND 58601-4642 Voice: (701) 483-2348 FAX: (701) 483-2005
PIC HOGS: A BRIEF SUMMARY
Less than two years ago, the Research Center repopulated its swine herd with Pig Improvement Company (PIC) Camborough-15 (C-15) females and Line 326 boars.
So far, the C-15 female has proven to be a prolific, heavy milking, durable pig that is easy to manage in semi-confinement. Since the Center's facilities are semi-confinement, and situated in an environment characterized as having cold winters and hot summers, a durable pig was essential. Many of the original sows are now in their fourth parity, and have demonstrated environmental durability and a solid ability to farrow and wean acceptably large litters. Post farrowing cyclicity and pregnancy have been encouraging. At this writing, the herd farrowing rate stands at 87%. Other sow performance parameters have been summarized in Table 1, of a separate report titled, "Effect of Winter Gestation Energy Level on Sow Productivity", found elsewhere in the Swine Section of this livestock report.
Feeder pigs produced in the All In/All Out group management system, are, for the most part, sold as feeder pigs. Those retained are utilized in growing/finishing studies. A sample of the C-15 x 326 matings were grown out and finished last winter to evaluate performance, especially, cold weather performance. One Hundred-fifteen barrows and gilts were fed and marketed through the John Morrell & Co., packing plant in Sioux Falls, SD. Feed consumption, growth performance, and return/pig have been summarized in Table 1, and a summary of slaughter data is shown in Table 2.
The data presented here characterizes the C-15 x 326 cross as a
functional, meat pig with lean qualities, yet possess enough fat cover, for insulation, to
perform well outdoors in North Dakota.
Table 1. PIC Slaughter hog close out: Ingredients fed, growth performance, costs and returns
|Trace Mineral Salt||.41||2.9||.0742||.22|
|Vitamin A, D & E||.05||.34||.6717||.23|
|Vitamin B Complex||.17||1.23||.40||.49|
|GROWTH PERFORMANCE||COSTS AND RETURNS|
|Market Weight||245.0||Feed Cost/Head||$36.97|
|Feeder Pig Weight||42.0||Feeder Pig Cost||$32.90|
|Gain||203.0||Total Production Cost||$69.87|
|ADG||1.60||Gross Slaughter Return||$84.40|
|Feed/Head/Day||5.55||Less Production Cost||$69.87|
|Feed/Pound of Gain||3.47||Return/Pig||$14.53|
Table 2. PIC Slaughter Hog Summary. Winter 1995
|No||Fat*||Loin*||Lean%||Hot Carc%||Yield||Y-Prem||$Lean Prem||$Sort||$Gross||Ck-off||
* Fat-O-Meter Measurements