North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue, Dickinson, ND 58601-4642 Voice: (701) 483-2348 FAX: (701) 483-2005


SMALL GRAIN CROPS IN SOUTHWESTERN NORTH DAKOTA

1P. Carr, Associate Agronomist, Adjunct Assistant Professor; 1G. Martin, Research Specialist II;
1B. Melchior, Agricultural Technician II; 2J. Anderson, Assistant Professor; 2E. Elias, Assistant Professor;
2J. Franckowiak, Professor; 2R. Frohberg, Professor;
2R. Horsley, Assistant Professor; 2M. McMullen, Associate Professor
1NDSU, Dickinson Research Extension Center
2NDSU, Department of Crop and Weed Sciences, Fargo

SUMMARY

New crop cultivars must be developed for the continued viability of crop and crop-livestock systems in southwestern North Dakota. The North Dakota State University Dickinson Research Extension Center (DREC) is obligated to provide unbiased data and interpretations for use by producers when choosing cultivars for farm production. This project will collect and publish information on the comparative performance of small grain cultivars in southwestern North Dakota. This project will also provide grain for quality evaluation.

This publication will be made available in alternative formats upon request.

North Dakota State University is an equal opportunity institution.

INTRODUCTION

Crop production is a significant income generator for southwestern farmers and ranchers. Cash receipts from crops accounted for 41% of total farm income in the Missouri Slope region in 1992 (Wiyatt and Hamlin, 1993). When government payments were considered, 53% of total farm income came directly from cash receipts for crops. This excludes the value of forages grown and fed directly to livestock on farms.

Wheat, barley, and oat are the major small grain crops grown in western North Dakota. Development of improved small grain cultivars is necessary to ensure that the farm income generated by grain crops, either directly by cash payment or indirectly through livestock, can be maintained or enhanced.

Cultivar comparison trials have been the foundation of yield, quality, and agronomic evaluation of crop cultivars in North Dakota. Early reports from the Agricultural Experiment Station contained data obtained from comparison trials (Hays, 1893a, 1893b). These trials still are important to obtain information for varietal release and recommendations (Cox et al., 1988; Frohberg, 1991). Each year approximately 40 or more hard red spring wheat, 25 to 30 durum wheat, 20 to 25 oat, and 25 to 30 barley are evaluated in comparison studies at the Dickinson Research Extension Center (DREC). These comparisons include both named cultivars and experimental lines from NDSU, and other public and private breeding programs in the U.S. and Canada. Evaluations are used to make cultivar recommendations.

Grain produced in plots from the comparison trials is used in quality evaluations by personnel of the Department of Cereal Chemistry and Food Technology at NDSU, Fargo, ND. Quality evaluations of experimental lines are compared to cultivars currently grown by producers. The quality and agronomic performance of an experimental line at various locations is one of the major bases for the recommended release of that line as a named cultivar or its removal from consideration for further testing.

Experimental lines from other state experiment stations and private plant breeding companies also are evaluated for quality. Although data from this project are not instrumental in the eventual release or rejection of lines from these sources, it does provide information on agronomic characteristics prior to release and does assist in cultivar recommendations.

Soils at the Dickinson Research Extension Center (DREC) are representative of a large percentage of southwestern North Dakota soils. However, not all prominent soil types occurring in the southwestern portion of the state occur at the DREC. Moreover, local climatic differences between different areas in the region exist. For these reasons, cultivar comparison studies are conducted at sites besides the DREC to provide an area test of crop cultivar performance at several locations in southwestern North Dakota.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Seed of cultivars evaluated in comparison trials generally were provided by plant breeders at North Dakota State University in Fargo, or from drill strips at the DREC. Cultivars developed from neighboring land-grant institutions and Canada, as well as private plant breeding companies were included.

Cultural practices including tillage and seeding, fertilization, herbicide application, and harvesting followed currently acceptable agronomic procedure in implementing and maintaining cultivar comparison trials. Cultivars and genotypes of each small grain crop (hard red spring wheat, durum wheat, barley, and oat) were evaluated using a replicated randomized complete block design. Demonstration strips also were maintained for grower observation, crop field tours, and for a sufficient amount of seed for quality evaluations. All crop trials were conducted on previously fallowed cropland.

Plant growth was monitored throughout the growing season. Variables that were measured on each plot included: date of emergence, date of plant establishment, days to heading, plant height, plant lodging at physiological maturity, grain yield, 100 seed weight, grain volume weight, grain protein content for wheat, and percentage of plump kernels for barley. Ten random plants in each plot of three replicates within the hard red spring wheat comparison trial were evaluated for flag leaf spotting, using the system developed by McMullen and Francl (M. McMullen and L. Francl, per. comm., 1992).

Data collected at off-station sites included grain yield, grain volume weight, and grain protein content for wheat. Quality characteristics for product acceptance will be determined by the Department of Cereal Science and Food Technology at North Dakota State University from grain samples provided.

Data were analyzed using a computer statistical program.

RESULTS

Hard Red Spring Wheat

2398 continued to be among the highest yielding cultivars evaluated at Dickinson, although several other cultivars produced comparable amounts of grain at Dickinson in 1995. These included: Amidon, Bergen, Dalen, Krona, Lars, McNeal, and Verde, a new Minnesota release. Test weight of 2398 was among the heaviest of any cultivar evalu-ated at Dickinson in 1995. Grain protein content of 2398 was below the average in 1995. Cultivars with grain protein content more than 15% included: AC Domain, AC Eatonia, CDC Teal, Glupro (a low-yielding, high-protein cultivar released in 1995 by NDSU), Gus, Len, and Trenton (a 1995 NDSU release).

Highest gross returns after considering protein premiums/discounts and test weight discounts were: Amidon, Bergen, Dalen, Ernest, Lars, McNeal, 2398, Trenton, and Verde.

Durum Wheat

Voss produced the most grain in 1995, although the grain yield of Voss was not significantly more than that produced by Munich, a 1995 release from NDSU, Rugby, or Vic. Grain with the heaviest test weight was produced by Rugby (60.6 lbs/bu), although other cultivars produced grain of com-parable test weight. These included: Monroe, Vic, Voss, and Ward. Plenty produced grain with a higher crude protein content that produced by any other cultivar included in the trial.

Highest returns were generated by Rubgy, Vic, and Voss. Lloyd and Medora generated lower returns that any other cultivar included in the trial.

Barley

Logan, a 1995 2-rowed barley released by NDSU, produced the most grain among cultivars included in the 1995 trial. Chinook, Excel, and Stander pro-duced more grain than other cultivars in the trial, except for Logan. Morex, Harrington, Hazen and Royal were among the lowest yielding cultivars in the trial.

Stark continued to produce grain with a relatively heavy test weight. Bowman, Gallatin, and other barley cultivars grown in the southwest produced grain with a lower test weight than that produced by Stark.

Highest returns when grain was sold in the feed market were generated by Logan. Chinook, Excel, and Stander all generated comparable returns that were higher than several other cultivars included in the trial.

Oat

Bay was the highest yielding cultivar in the trial, producing more grain than any other cultivar except Whitestone. In two of the last three years, Bay has produced more grain than most other cultivars evaluated at Dickinson. Bay was released by the Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station and is among the shortest oat cultivars evaluated. It produces a large, succulent leaf and is also being evaluated for forage yield and quality.

Paul produced grain with the heaviest test weight in 1995; however, test weight for all cultivars was relatively light compared to test weights over the past several years. The discount prices paid for light test weight had considerable impact on how the cultivars ranked in gross returns generated. For example, though grain yield for Dumont oat was higher than that of Hytest oat, Hytest generated significantly greater returns when sold in the feed oat market.

LITERATURE CITED

Cox, D.J., B.L. D'Appolonia, and J.D. Miller. 1988. Registration of 'Seward' wheat. Crop Sci. 28:378-379.

Fowler, D.B. 1982. Date of seeding, fall growth, and winter survival of winter wheat and rye. Agron. J. 74:1060-1063.

Frohberg, R.C. 1991. Economic impact of plant breeding programs. p. 3-4. In G. Moran (ed.) North Dakota Farm Res. Bimonthly Bull. Vol. 48(4). Fargo, ND.

Hays, W.M. 1893a. p. 72. In Grain and forage crops. North Dak. Agric. Expt. Stat. Bull. No. 10.

Hays, W.M. 1893b. p. 32. In Grain and forage crops. North Dak. Agric. Expt. Stat. Bull. No. 11.

Wyatt, S.D., and W.G. Hamlin. 1992. North Dakota agricultural statistics. Bull. No. 61. North Dak. State Univ. Agric. Expt. Stat. and U.S. Dept. Agric. Ag. Stat. Fed. Bldg., Fargo, ND.

DRYLAND HARD RED SPRING WHEAT - GREEN FALLOW --- DICKINSON
      Days to F. leaf   Lodging   Test
Variety   Type Head Disease Height Score1 Seeds Weight
        % inches % lb lbs/bu
2370   Semidwarf 58 59 30 0 15,538 60.1
2371   Semidwarf 66 26 34 0 15,328 60.4
2375   Semidwarf 59 32 30 1 14,003 60.4
2398   Semidwarf 62 14 28 0 13,308 61.1
AC Barrie   Medium 62 24 33 0 15,457 59.9
AC Cora   Medium 66 9 34 1 15,440 59.9
AC Domain   Medium 57 81 31 0 14,879 60.0
AC Eatonia   Medium 59 60 33 5 15,864 59.8
Alpowa   Semidwarf 60 76 28 0 16,360 57.5
Amidon   Medium 63 14 34 0 15,494 59.8
Bergen   Semidwarf 59 20 27 0 13,846 58.9
Butte 86   Medium 57 46 31 0 13,582 60.4
CDC Teal   Medium 59 20 32 0 15,092 59.4
Dalen   Semidwarf 59 19 27 0 13,632 61.0
Edwall   Semidwarf 59 61 28 0 15,697 59.8
Ernest   Medium 62 19 34 1 14,425 59.8
Glupro   Medium 65 43 35 2 15,697 56.5
Grandin   Semidwarf 59 40 30 0 14,317 59.6
Gus   Semidwarf 64 15 29 0 16,731 57.4
Hamer   Semidwarf 59 11 28 0 13,299 59.0
HiLine   Semidwarf 60 57 28 0 16,123 57.6
Krona   Semidwarf 62 17 27 0 15,492 57.7
Kulm   Medium 58 35 33 0 14,353 61.0
Lars   Semidwarf 61 6 25 0 14,904 59.2
Len   Semidwarf 67 27 28 0 15,943 57.5
McNeal   Semidwarf 62 27 30 0 14,544 59.1
Norlander   Semidwarf 58 39 27 0 17,872 58.7
Norm   Semidwarf 60 12 29 0 13,285 58.6
Penewawa   Semidwarf 60 68 27 0 16,064 57.6
Russ   Medium 60 36 32 0 15,170 60.8
Sharp   Medium 59 36 32 0 14,312 60.8
Sonja   Semidwarf 62 18 27 0 13,909 58.2
Stoa   Medium 64 32 33 0 15,925 58.0
Trenton   Medium 61 17 34 0 13,735 59.9
Verde   Semidwarf 62 21 30 0 14,072 59.6
                 
Mean     60.9 32 30.2 0.3 14,963 59.2
CV(%)     2.5 38 3.4 167 5.5 1.1
LSD.05     2.1 20 1.4 5 1155 0.9

10 = no lodging; 9 = completely flat

Previous crop: Black lentil (plow down); Soil test results: 50 lbs N, 10 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 224 lbs urea per acre; Planted on May 4 at 1,200,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; Applied 2.5 pt Hoelon + 1.33 pt Buctril per acre on June 1; Harvested on August 22.

 

DRYLAND HARD RED SPRING WHEAT - GREEN FALLOW --- DICKINSON
    Grain Yield  
        ---- Averages ---- % of
Variety Protein Returns2 s 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Grandin
  % $/acre bu/ac  
2370 14.5 224.87 46.8 44.2 42.1 44.4 45.5 94
2371 14.9 238.02 49.1 42.3 42.6 44.7 45.7 95
2375 14.0 232.56 49.1 44.1 45.1 46.1 46.6 97
2398 13.9 287.83 60.7 50.7 54.3 55.2 55.7 116
AC Barrie 14.8 246.94 50.7 40.4 -- -- 45.6 95
AC Cora 14.9 222.26 45.3 38.4 -- -- 41.9 87
AC Domain 15.5 197.68 39.4 39.4 35.7 38.2 39.4 82
AC Eatonia 15.5 180.38 36.0 39.1 -- -- -- --
Alpowa 12.3 201.24 46.9 -- -- -- -- --
Amidon 14.0 283.35 59.6 40.0 47.4 49.0 49.8 103
Bergen 13.8 268.80 57.6 49.2 54.6 53.8 53.4 111
Butte 86 14.5 253.98 52.7 43.5 41.1 45.8 48.1 100
CDC Teal 15.3 226.97 45.4 38.2 42.1 41.9 41.8 87
Dalen 14.7 285.78 59.1 43.8 51.2 51.4 51.5 107
Edwall 12.3 188.10 47.9 -- -- -- -- --
Ernest 14.6 266.53 55.2 45.3 50.8 50.4 50.3 104
Glupro 16.8 171.20 35.4 -- -- -- -- --
Grandin 14.8 260.13 54.0 42.3 46.8 47.7 48.2 100
Gus 15.3 254.30 52.8 44.7 49.5 49.0 48.8 101
Hamer 14.6 258.02 53.8 52.3 -- -- 53.1 110
HiLine 14.5 191.98 41.3 -- -- -- -- --
Krona 13.2 260.05 57.9 45.2 -- -- 51.6 107
Kulm 14.9 254.35 51.8 47.3 -- -- 49.6 103
Lars 13.6 290.04 62.1 49.3 -- -- 55.7 116
Len 15.0 200.33 41.9 42.1 37.8 40.6 42.0 87
McNeal 14.0 290.44 61.5 47.4 55.1 54.7 54.5 113
Norlander 14.1 252.02 53.7 40.9 -- -- 47.3 98
Norm 14.0 255.11 54.6 49.3 -- -- 52.0 108
Penewawa 11.9 200.44 47.0 43.2 46.7 45.6 45.1 94
Russ 14.2 237.78 49.7 41.8 -- -- 45.8 95
Sharp 14.6 232.50 48.2 44.3 -- -- 46.3 96
Sonja 14.5 253.26 53.8 44.6 56.8 51.7 49.2 102
Stoa 14.5 219.30 46.7 45.3 46.6 46.2 46.0 95
Trenton 15.0 262.96 53.6 44.4 47.8 48.6 49.0 102
Verde 14.1 267.81 56.4 49.6 -- -- 53.0 110
                 
Mean 14.4 240.49 50.8          
CV(%) 1.6 8.2 8.0          
LSD.05 0.3 27.64 5.7          
2Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1995 yield by the protein premium/discount and test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on November 28.

 

DRYLAND DURUM - GREEN FALLOW --- DICKINSON
    Days to   Lodging   Test
Variety Type Head Height Score Seeds Weight
      inches   lb lbs/bu
Laker Semidwarf 64 27.8 0 12,214 56.7
Lloyd Semidwarf 63 25.9 0 12,691 56.5
Medora Tall 62 28.8 2 13,787 58.5
Monroe Tall 58 32.0 1 10,855 60.0
Munich Medium 62 28.1 0 13,030 57.0
Plenty Tall 64 35.6 2 11,622 58.6
Regold Tall 64 35.0 0 10,548 57.4
Renville Tall 63 31.8 1 12,217 58.4
Rugby Tall 63 37.0 0 12,644 60.6
Sceptre Medium 64 29.8 0 12,757 57.2
Vic Tall 62 33.2 0 11,211 59.7
Voss Semidwarf 63 26.5 0 11,389 59.9
Ward Tall 62 33.4 1 12,097 59.9
             
Mean   62.8 31.1 0.6 12,082 58.5
C.V.(%)   2.1 7.6 169 7.3 2.3
LSD0.05   1.9 3.4 1.3 1275 1.9

Previous Crop: Black lentil (burn down)

Planting Date: May 4

Harvest Date: August 21

0 = no lodging; 9 = completely flat

 

DRYLAND DURUM - GREEN FALLOW --- DICKINSON
      Grain Yield
            Averages % of
Variety Protein Returns1 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Renv
  % $/acre bu/ac    
Laker 13.2 230.91 50.0 40.7 48.8 46.5 45.4 98
Lloyd 13.6 215.43 46.9 38.1 45.7 43.6 42.5 92
Medora 13.6 216.93 45.0 38.7 40.5 41.4 41.9 91
Monroe 14.3 238.22 48.7 33.3 41.9 41.3 41.0 89
Munich 14.2 261.33 56.9 35.1 -- -- 46.0 100
Plenty 15.1 243.22 50.3 35.7 51.8 45.9 43.0 93
Regold 13.8 247.96 53.0 33.4 48.9 45.1 43.2 94
Renville 13.8 261.31 54.3 38.0 44.9 45.7 46.2 100
Rugby 14.4 273.79 56.0 41.1 54.6 50.6 48.6 105
Sceptre 14.3 244.28 52.9 39.3 52.1 48.1 46.1 100
Vic 14.4 273.54 56.2 37.8 48.1 47.4 47.0 102
Voss 13.5 291.81 59.6 39.8 -- -- 49.7 108
Ward 14.4 262.40 53.9 42.6 52.0 49.5 48.3 104
                 
Mean 14.0 250.86 52.6          
C.V.(%) 1.6 7.3 6.1          
LSD0.05 0.3 26.40 4.6          
2Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1995 yield by the protein premium/discount and test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on November 28.

 

DRYLAND BARLEY - GREEN FALLOW --- DICKINSON
    Days to   Lodging   Test
Variety Type Head Height Score Seed Weight
      inches % lb lbs/bu
Azure 6R 60 26 3 12,857 48.1
Bowman 2R 59 25 7 11,469 48.9
Chinook 2R 64 27 5 12,411 49.0
Crystal 2R 68 26 0 11,875 48.0
Excel 6R 62 24 1 12,865 47.2
Foster 6R 63 25 0 11,757 47.9
Gallatin 2R 65 27 2 12,995 47.9
Harrington 2R 67 27 2 12,818 47.0
Hazen 6R 62 26 2 12,745 48.7
Logan 2R 61 26 3 10,649 49.1
Manley 2R 70 27 0 11,784 48.9
Morex 6R 61 30 4 13,150 47.4
Robust 6R 63 27 0 12,111 49.1
Royal 6R 64 22 2 13,306 47.6
Stander 6R 64 24 0 12,035 48.6
Stark 2R 61 29 3 10,749 50.1
             
Mean   63.6 26.2 2.1 12,223 48.3
CV%   2.2 5.7 76.8 5.5 1.3
LSD.05   2.0 2.1 2.3 957 0.9

Previous Crop: Black lentil (burn down)

Planting Date: May 3

Harvest Date: August 21

0=no lodging; 9= completely flat

 

DRYLAND BARLEY - GREEN FALLOW --- DICKINSON
      Grain Yield  
            ----- Averages ----- % of
Variety Protein Returns1 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Stark
  % $/acre bu/ac    
Azure 14.4 164.75 57.8 94.6 79.2 77.2 76.2 98
Bowman 13.4 161.50 56.7 81.0 67.2 68.3 68.9 88
Chinook 13.6 179.19 62.9 -- -- -- -- --
Crystal 14.2 145.16 50.9 -- -- -- -- --
Excel 14.0 185.75 65.2 95.7 85.3 82.1 80.5 103
Foster 13.8 160.53 56.3 97.8 87.5 80.5 77.1 99
Gallatin 13.1 156.09 54.8 96.9 67.3 73.0 75.9 97
Harrington 13.4 143.54 50.4 89.8 70.2 70.1 70.1 90
Hazen 14.7 146.91 51.5 91.2 92.9 78.5 71.4 92
Logan 13.5 208.05 73.0 98.1 81.1 84.1 85.6 110
Manley 14.5 151.34 53.1 88.0 97.2 79.4 70.6 90
Morex 15.5 130.57 45.8 84.1 66.0 65.3 65.0 83
Robust 15.5 161.62 56.7 90.4 72.9 73.3 73.6 94
Royal 15.1 138.71 48.7 84.5 -- -- 66.6 85
Stander 13.8 191.11 67.1 102.8 87.9 85.9 85.0 109
Stark 13.5 167.78 58.9 97.0 81.8 79.2 78.0 100
                 
Mean 14.2 162.04 56.9          
CV% 3.6 5.8 5.8          
LSD.05 0.7 13.31 4.7          
2Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1995 yield by the price paid for feed barley minus the test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on November 28.

 

DRYLAND OAT - GREEN FALLOW --- DICKINSON
  Stampede Days to     Test
Variety Rating1 Head Height Seeds Weight
      inches lb lbs/bu
AC Belmont 1 53 35 15,414 31.9
Bay 0 53 30 14,614 29.6
Brawn 0 54 32 11,235 31.5
Calibre 1 54 37 12,928 31.6
Derby 1 53 38 12,865 32
Dumont 2 54 34 13,414 29.9
Hytest 0 50 36 13,522 34.1
Jerry 1 50 32 13,164 33.2
Kelsey 2 52 37 14,850 32.5
Milton 1 50 28 15,305 32.1
Monida 1 54 33 13,867 31.9
Newdak 0 50 31 13,971 30.7
Otana 1 53 36 15,136 33.2
Paul 1 54 37 16,330 36.6
Porter 0 54 33 13,368 34.1
Prairie 0 49 31 13,152 31.1
Riel 1 53 36 14,005 31.7
Robert 1 54 33 11,116 31.2
Troy 2 53 35 15,197 32.9
Valley 1 53 30 13,773 33.9
Whitestone 1 54 28 14,868 32.5
           
Mean 0.8 52.6 33.4 13,909 32.3
CV(%) 60.4 1 4.4 7.2 3.7
LSD.05 0.7 0.7 2.1 1409 1.7

Previous Crop: Black lentil (Plow Down)

Planting Date: May 17

Harvest Date: August 17

 

DRYLAND OAT - GREEN FALLOW ---DICKINSON
          ---- Averages ---- % of
Variety Returns1 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Otana
    bu/ac    
AC Belmont 79.52 91.3 134.6 143.0 123.0 113.0 85
Bay 55.52 110.3 159.1 192.0 153.8 134.7 101
Brawn 80.76 100.6 143.5 -- -- 122.1 92
Calibre 78.76 98.1 180.6 136.0 138.2 139.4 105
Derby 88.73 99.4 172.0 130.0 133.8 135.7 102
Dumont 34.91 80.0 163.7 144.0 129.2 121.9 92
Hytest 87.53 73.0 117.0 116.0 102.0 95.0 72
Jerry 105.73 95.4 139.4 149.0 127.9 117.4 88
Kelsey 89.54 91.4 159.6 -- -- 125.5 95
Milton 70.85 82.3 138.9 163.0 128.1 110.6 83
Monida 88.73 105.9 174.5 141.0 140.5 140.2 106
Newdak 56.50 93.0 155.4 132.0 126.8 124.2 94
Otana 108.33 95.0 170.6 129.0 131.5 132.8 100
Paul 121.66 92.0 107.7 127.0 108.9 99.9 75
Porter 126.91 103.8 157.8 184.0 148.5 130.8 98
Prairie 74.00 100.1 157.0 143.0 133.4 128.6 97
Riel 67.87 79.9 154.1 159.0 131.0 117.0 88
Robert 67.46 95.3 148.0 156.0 133.1 121.7 92
Troy 106.29 100.2 139.8 133.0 124.3 120.0 90
Valley 105.06 91.3 143.5 159.0 131.3 117.4 88
Whitestone 105.68 107.1 154.0 130.0 130.4 130.6 98
               
Mean   94.5          
CV(%)   7.8          
LSD.05   10.5          
2Returns were calculated by multiplying the 1995 yield by the price paid for feed oat minus the test weight discount paid at the Southwest Grain Terminal located at Gladstone on November 28.

 

HARD RED SPRING WHEAT - FALLOW --- BEACH
  Sawfly1   Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Lodging Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Grandin
  % lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
2371 11 17,761 55.3 15.8 28.7 -- -- -- -- --
2375 16 14,857 57.9 14.8 33.8 43.3 53.8 43.6 38.6 111
Amidon 7 17,374 57.5 14.2 31.4 38.3 51.7 40.5 34.9 100
Butte 86 8 14,804 58.3 15.0 39.5 40.6 48.1 42.7 40.1 115
Ernest 2 16,951 57.4 14.3 37.9 -- -- -- -- --
Glupro 24 16,889 53.9 17.2 25.2 -- -- -- -- --
Grandin 19 15,248 56.9 14.7 33.1 36.5 43.3 37.6 34.8 100
Gus 13 19,603 56.4 15.6 32.5 37.6 52.9 41.0 35.1 101
Kulm 21 16,857 59.6 14.7 34.8 45.4 -- -- 40.1 115
McNeal 9 16,569 57.0 14.3 36.8 37.4 58.8 44.3 37.1 107
Sonja 9 16,187 56.6 14.6 35.2 -- -- -- -- --
Trenton 24 17,466 56.4 14.7 32.8 -- -- -- -- --
                     
Mean 13 16,714 56.9 14.9 33.5          
CV(%) 31.5 4.6 1.1 1.5 7.0          
LSD.05 6.0 1096.6 0.9 0.3 3.3          

 

DURUM - FALLOW --- BEACH
  Sawfly   Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Lodging Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Renville
  % lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
Medora 0 13,393 57.8 14.7 42.2 33.3 30.3 35.3 37.8 97
Munich 2 13,097 57.4 14.7 43.9 -- -- -- -- --
Plenty 0 13,588 56.5 15.7 41.9 -- -- -- -- --
Renville 5 13,504 57.4 14.7 42.1 35.4 36.6 38.0 38.8 100
Vic 4 11,858 57.4 15.2 43.3 33.2 35.4 37.3 38.3 99
                     
Mean 2 13,088 57.3 14.9 42.7          
CV(%) 60.6 3 0.6 2.1 4.2          
LSD.05 2.0 595.0 0.6 0.5 NS          

1Sawfly lodging = lodging resulting from stem cutting

Previous crop: Black lentil (burndown): Soil test results: 210 lbs N, 11 ppm P, 435 ppm K, 211 lbs S, 0.7 ppm Zn, 40 lbs Cl per acre - no fertilizer applied; Planted on May 18 at 1,200,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; No herbicides were applied; Harvested on September 8.

 

BARLEY - FALLOW --- BEACH
    Test   ------------------- Grain Yield ------------------- % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Stark
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
Bowman 10,979 47.5 12.9 51.6 77.8 71.5 67.0 64.7 104
Crystal 13,085 43.8 13.5 56.3 -- -- -- -- --
Foster 13,052 37.8 12.1 53.8 -- -- -- -- --
Logan 10,037 46.8 12.6 69.4 -- -- -- -- --
Manley 14,417 40.1 12.9 57.9 63.0 -- -- 60.5 97
Stark 10,762 47.1 12.8 50.9 73.9 72.9 65.9 62.4 100
                   
Mean 11,959 43.7 12.7 53.9          
CV(%) 6.6 2.9 3.8 9.9          
LSD.05 1154.9 1.9 0.7 7.8          
Previous crop:  Black lentil (burndown): Soil test results: 210 lbs N, 11ppm P, 435 ppmK, 211 lbs S, 0.7 ppm Zn, 40 lbs Cl per acre - no fertilizer applied; Planted on May 18 at 800,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; No herbicides were applied; Harvested on September 8.

 

OAT - FALLOW --- BEACH
  Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety weight Seeds 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Otana
  lbs/bu lbs bu/ac  
Jerry 36.9 13,008 68.9 84.5 129.9 94.4 76.7 102
Otana 35.8 17,959 54.9 94.9 112.4 87.4 74.9 100
Paul 39.6 19,562 20.1 57.6 -- -- 38.9 52
Porter 36.4 18,804 76.0 -- -- -- -- --
Settler 36.9 14,345 60.9 -- -- -- -- --
Whitestone 33.6 18,701 79.8 107.3 -- -- 93.6 125
                 
Mean 36.5 17,603 60.1          
CV(%) 1.1 25.4 11.2          
LSD.05 0.6 NS 10.1          
Previous crop: Black lentil (burndown): Soil test results: 210 lbs N, 11 ppm P, 435 ppm K, 211 lbs S, 0.7 ppm Zn, 40 lbs Cl per acre - no fertilizer applied; Planted on May 18 at 800,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; No herbicides were azpplied; Harvested on September 8.

 

HARD RED SPRING WHEAT - FALLOW --- BEULAH
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1992 3-Year 2-Year Grandin
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
2371 18,022 53.8 15.7 34.1 -- -- -- -- --
2375 15,259 56.3 14.3 44.6 59.9 87.0 63.8 52.3 111
Amidon 16,721 55.4 14.7 40.3 60.2 100.0 66.8 50.3 107
Butte 86 14,705 55.1 14.5 46.8 54.5 81.0 60.8 50.7 108
Ernest 15,769 56.1 15.2 41.2 -- -- -- -- --
Glupro 16,523 52.5 17.5 22.4 -- -- -- -- --
Grandin 16,056 54 15.5 37.3 56.5 84.0 59.3 46.9 100
Gus 17,555 54.8 15.8 39.3 58.6 82.0 60.0 49.0 104
Kulm 16,350 57.9 15.2 40.0 58.3 -- -- 49.2 105
McNeal 16,277 55.5 14.8 39.4 56.0 -- -- 47.7 102
Sonja 15,847 54.5 14.9 45.2 -- -- -- -- --
Trenton 15,354 56.1 15.5 38.6 -- -- -- -- --
                   
Mean 16,203 55.2 15.3 39.1          
CV(%) 4.1 1.2 1.6 6.3          
LSD.05 946.5 0.9 0.4 3.6          

 

DURUM - FALLOW --- BEULAH
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1992 3-Year 2-Year Renville
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
Medora 17,555 56.1 14.1 38.3 59.9 73.0 60.0 49.0 84.4
Munich 16,350 56.5 14.3 43.6 -- -- -- -- --
Plenty 16,277 55.5 14.9 38.8 -- -- -- -- --
Renville 15,847 56.3 14.3 44.0 72.4 75.0 63.8 58.2 100.0
Vic 15,354 57.0 14.7 41.9 66.6 -- -- -- --
                   
Mean 16,203 56.3 14.4 41.3          
CV(%) 3.2 0.6 2.2 12.9          
LSD.05 677.2 0.5 0.5 8.2          
Previous crop: Fallow: Soil test results: 41 lbs N, 7 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 244 lbs urea per acre; Planted on May 19 at 1,200,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA ester on June 13; Harvested on September 11.

 

BARLEY - FALLOW --- BEULAH
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1992 3-Year 2-Year Stark
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
Bowman 12,792 44.5 13.3 46.0 75.5 102.0 74.5 88.8 85
Crystal 14,986 40.6 14.0 37.0 -- -- -- -- --
Foster 12,608 42.5 12.5 40.9 -- -- -- -- --
Logan 11,251 44.2 13.2 50.8 -- -- -- -- --
Manley 14,502 40.7 14.5 32.9 95.9 -- -- 95.9 92
Stark 11,859 45.6 13.5 37.0 86.6 122.0 81.9 104.3 100
                   
Mean 12,820 43.1 13.3 41.8          
CV(%) 5.6 2.1 1.4 8.6          
LSD.05 1058 1.3 0.3 5.2          
Previous crop: Fallow: Soil test results: 41 lbs N, 7 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 244 lbs urea per acre; Planted on May 19 at 800,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA ester to barley, and 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA ester to oat, on June 13; Harvested on September 11.

 

OAT - FALLOW --- BEULAH
  Lodge Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Score1 weight Seeds 1995 1994 1992 3-Year 2-Year Otana
    lbs/bu lbs bu/ac  
Jerry 4 34.2 12,102 58.3 108.3 -- -- 83.3 81
Otana 6 30.0 14,274 56.1 150.0 78.4 94.8 103.1 100
Porter 4 34.1 13,180 70.9 -- -- -- -- --
Paul 2 42.6 16,037 56.1 86.6 -- -- 71.4 69
Settler 6 34.7 13,150 78.1 -- -- -- -- --
Whitestone 8 30.0 14,768 80.4 121.4 -- -- 100.9 98
                   
Mean 5 34.3 13,918 66.5          
CV(%) 18.6 4.0 7.0 9.9          
LSD.05 1.5 2.1 1463 9.9          

10 = no lodging; 9 = completely flat
Previous crop: Fallow: Soil test results: 41 lbs N, 7 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 244 lbs urea per acre; Planted on May 19 at 800,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA ester to barley, and 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA ester to oat, on June 13; Harvested on September 11.

 

HARD RED SPRING WHEAT - FALLOW --- GLEN ULLIN
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Grandin
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
2371 15,569 58.0 15.1 51.8 -- -- -- -- --
2375 14,239 59.3 13.8 63.8 51.3 50.0 55.0 57.6 114
Amidon 15,151 57.9 14.1 60.4 49.4 48.5 52.8 54.9 108
Butte 86 13,995 57.8 13.4 69.3 48.5 45.0 54.3 58.9 116
Ernest 15,214 58.0 14.8 62.9 -- -- -- -- --
Glupro 15,196 55.9 16.7 45.8 -- -- -- -- --
Grandin 15,475 56.9 14.2 54.8 46.5 47.9 49.7 50.7 100
Gus 16,208 57.8 15.1 59.6 46.0 45.0 50.2 52.8 104
Kulm 16,039 58.8 14.2 59.8 48.9 -- -- 54.4 107
McNeal 16,176 57.8 14.2 60.1 48.2 53.6 54.0 54.2 107
Sonja 16,013 57.0 14.2 67.7 -- -- -- -- --
Trenton 14,628 59.0 14.8 59.6 -- -- -- -- --
                   
Mean 15,325 57.8 14.6 59.6          
CV(%) 5.4 1.5 2.1 7.4          
LSD.05 1199 1.2 0.4 6.3          

 

DURUM - FALLOW --- GLEN ULLIN
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Renville
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
Medora 12,994 58.3 12.6 54.6 38.1 30.3 41.0 46.4 80
Munich 11,845 59.6 12.6 63.4 -- -- -- -- --
Plenty 11,267 58.6 12.7 57.1 -- -- -- -- --
Renville 12,446 58.9 13.0 66.5 48.6 36.6 50.6 57.6 100.0
Vic 11,146 59.6 13.1 65.3 43.7 35.4 48.1 54.5 95
                   
Mean 11,939 59.0 12.8 61.4          
CV(%) 2.7 0.5 2.8 6.3          
LSD.05 496 0.4 NS 6.0          

Previous crop: Fallow; Soil test results: 51 lbs N, 10 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 220 lbs urea per acre: Planted on May 19 at 1,200,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre on June 13: Harvested on September 12.

 

BARLEY - FALLOW --- GLEN ULLIN
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Stark
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
Bowman 14,016 42.0 12.3 51.3 68.8 59.0 59.7 60.1 82
Crystal 12,562 45.0 12.6 49.3 -- -- -- -- --
Foster 15,362 38.3 12.1 65.3 -- -- -- -- --
Logan 11,722 44.9 11.9 71.4 -- -- -- -- --
Manley 12,768 45.0 13.1 57.7 92.5 -- -- 75.1 102
Stark 12,093 44.8 12.4 61.9 84.6 51.4 66.0 73.3 100
                   
Mean 12,937 42.7 12.4 61.9          
CV(%) 6.8 3.9 2.9 7.4          
LSD.05 1302 2.4 0.5 6.7          
Previous crop: Fallow; Soil test results: 51 lbs N, 10 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 220 lbs urea per acre: Planted on May 19 at 800,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre to barley, and 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre to oat, on June 13: Harvested on September 12.

 

OAT - FALLOW --- GLEN ULLIN
  Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety weight Seeds 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Otana
  lbs/bu lbs bu/ac  
Jerry 34.5 13,645 103.7 107.6 107.6 106.3 105.7 100
Otana 30.5 14,832 89.2 122.3 123.2 111.6 105.8 100
Paul 41.9 16,290 83.2 77.4 -- -- 80.3 76
Porter 34.4 14,553 111.7 -- -- -- -- --
Settler 35.0 14,102 98.7 -- -- -- -- --
Whitestone 31.1 14,667 132.2 99.2 -- -- 115.7 109
                 
Mean 34.6 14,682 103.1          
CV(%) 2.1 5.9 9.3          
LSD.05 1.1 1321.6 14.5          
Previous crop: Fallow; Soil test results: 51 lbs N, 10 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 220 lbs urea per acre: Planted on May 19 at 800,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.25 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre to barley, and 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre to oat, on June 13: Harvested on September 12.

 

1995 HARD RED SPRING WHEAT - RECROP --- HANNOVER
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Grandin
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
2371 19,588 52.3 15.8 26.3 -- -- -- -- --
2375 16,810 54.4 14.4 36.0 39.6 37.8 37.8 37.8 128
Amidon 19,201 53.6 14.7 27.9 36.6 29.5 31.3 32.3 109
Butte 86 15,857 52.4 14.4 38.7 40.4 33.2 37.4 39.6 134
Ernest 18,202 52.9 15.1 31.3 -- -- -- -- --
Glupro 17,959 51.4 16.9 23.9 -- -- -- -- --
Grandin 19,951 50.0 15.2 23.4 35.5 27.3 28.7 29.5 100
Gus 19,632 52.3 15.5 24.3 36.5 35.3 32.0 30.4 103
Kulm 18,684 55.1 14.6 31.5 43.0 -- -- 37.3 126
McNeal 17,595 53.8 14.9 32.2 40.9 34.4 35.8 36.6 124
Sonja 19,486 50.9 15.3 34.5 -- -- -- -- --
Trenton 17,155 53.5 15.1 29.3 -- -- -- -- --
                   
Mean 18,343 52.7 14.4 29.9          
CV(%) 5.9 1.8 1.6 10.7          
LSD .05 1549.8 1.4 0.3 4.6        

 

1995 DURUM - RECROP --- HANNOVER
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Renville
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
Medora 17,183 52.1 13.4 23.5 31.1 17.1 23.9 27.3 74
Munich 14,846 54.1 13.5 37.4 -- -- -- -- --
Plenty 15,379 54.6 14.3 35.3 -- -- -- -- --
Renville 15,099 54.6 13.8 34.5 39.1 19.0 30.9 36.8 100
Vic 13,212 55.1 13.7 39.2 35.5 23.8 32.8 37.4 101
                   
Mean 15,144 54.1 13.7 33.9          
CV(%) 7.7 1.3 1.1 8.7          
LSD .05 1790 1.1 0.2 4.5          
Previous crop: Corn; Soil test results: 50 lbs N, 5 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 225 lbs urea per acre. Planted on May 19 at 1,200,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at a 1.5 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre on June 13; harvested on September 13.

 

BARLEY - RECROP --- HANNOVER
    Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety Seeds weight Protein 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Stark
  lbs lbs/bu % bu/ac  
Bowman 14,226 41.9 13.2 30.2 55.3 34.8 40.1 42.8 92
Crystal 13,515 41.4 14.3 34.2 -- -- -- -- --
Foster 14,313 38.9 12.9 38.4 -- -- -- -- --
Logan 11,902 42.7 13.1 46.1 -- -- -- -- --
Manley 12,811 39.9 14.4 34.9 50.2 -- -- 42.6 92
Stark 12,483 43.6 13.4 35.8 57.0 48.6 47.1 46.4 88
                   
Mean 13,208 41.4 13.5 36.6          
CV(%) 4.3 1.7 2.5 8.9          
LSD.05 836 1.0 0.4 4.9          
Previous crop: Corn; Soil test results: 50 lbs N, 5 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 225 lbs urea per acre. Planted on May 19 at 800,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at 1.5 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre to barley, and 0.33 oz/acre Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre to oat on June 13; Harvested on September 13.

 

OAT - RECROP --- HANNOVER
  Test   Grain Yield % of
Variety weight Seeds 1995 1994 1993 3-Year 2-Year Otana
  lbs/bu lbs bu/ac  
Jerry 32.2 14,320 65.9 60.3 98.0 74.7 63.1 107
Otana 25.9 17,668 46.2 71.3 105.2 74.2 58.8 100
Paul 40.0 19,865 62.8 54.1 -- -- 58.5 99
Porter 29.9 15,507 66.2 -- -- -- -- --
Settler 32.6 16,930 71.2 -- -- -- -- --
Whitestone 26.9 17,387 68.2 61.8 -- -- 65.0 111
                 
Mean 31.2 16,946 63.4          
CV(%) 3.5 11.6 13.6          
LSD.05 1.7 2962 13.0          
Previous crop: Corn; Soil test results: 50 lbs N, 5 ppm P - applied 50 lbs DAP and 225 lbs urea per acre. Planted on May 19 at 800,000 Pure Live Seed per acre at 1.5 inch depth; Applied 2.7 pt Hoelon + 0.33 oz Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre to barley, and 0.33 oz/acre Harmony Extra + 0.75 pt MCPA per acre to oat on June 13; Harvested on September 13.

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