North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue, Dickinson, ND 58601-4642 Voice: (701) 483-2348 FAX: (701) 483-2005


SMALL GRAIN CROPS IN SOUTHWESTERN NORTH DAKOTA

Patrick Carr, Associate Agronomist, Adjunct Assistant Professor, NDSU, Dickinson Research and Extension Center
Glenn Martin, Research Specialist II, NDSU, Dickinson Research and Extension Center
Burt Melchior, Agricultural Technician II, NDSU, Dickinson Research and Extension Center
James Anderson, Assistant Professor, NDSU, Department of Crop and Weed Sciences
Elias Elias, Assistant Professor, NDSU, Department of Crop and Weed Sciences
Jerome Franckowiak, Professor, NDSU, Department of Crop and Weed Sciences
Richard Frohberg, Professor, NDSU, Department of Crop and Weed Sciences
Richard Horsley, Assistant Professor, NDSU, Department of Crop and Weed Sciences
Michael McMullen, Associate Professor, NDSU, Department of Crop and Weed Sciences

SUMMARY

New crop cultivars and advanced experimentals from public and private agencies must be developed for the continued viability of crop and crop-livestock systems in southwestern North Dakota. The North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station is obligated to provide unbiased data and interpretations which can be used by producers to choose cultivars for farm production. This project will collect and publish: (1) information on the comparative performance of small grain cultivars in southwestern North Dakota; and (2) data on experimental lines which may be released and utilized by North Dakota farmers. This project will also provide grain for quality evaluation.

OBJECTIVE

Evaluate genotypes of hard red spring wheat, durum wheat, barley, and oats in southwestern North Dakota.

INTRODUCTION

Crop production is a significant income generator for southwestern farmers and ranchers. Cash receipts from crops accounted for 24% of total farm income in the South Central, Southwestern, and West Central Crop Reporting Districts in 1991 (Wiyatt and Hamlin, 1992). When government payments were considered, over 40% of total farm income came directly from cash receipts for crops. This excludes the value of forages grown and fed directly to livestock on farms.

Wheat, barley, and oat are the major small grain crops grown in western North Dakota. The annual value of these cereal grains grown between 1986-90 was over $170,000,000 in the three southwestern crop reporting districts (Wiyatt and Hamlin, 1992). Development of improved small grain cultivars is necessary to ensure that the farm income generated by grain crops, either directly by cash payment or indirectly through livestock, can be maintained or enhanced.

Cultivar comparison trials have been the foundation of yield, quality, and agronomic evaluation of crop cultivars in North Dakota. Early reports from the Agricultural Experiment Station contained data obtained from comparison trials (Hays, 1893a, 1893b). These trials still are important to obtain information for varietal release and recommendations (Cox et al., 1988; Frohberg, 1991). Each year approximately 40 or more hard red spring wheat, 25 to 30 durum wheat, 20 to 25 oat, and 25 to 30 barley are evaluated in comparison studies at the Dickinson Research Extension Center (DREC). These comparisons include both named cultivars and experimental lines from NDSU, and other public and private breeding programs in the U.S. and Canada. Evaluations are used to make cultivar recommendations.

Grain produced in plots from the comparison trials is used in quality evaluations by personnel of the Department of Cereal Chemistry and Food Technology at NDSU, Fargo, ND. Quality evaluations of experimental lines are compared to cultivars currently grown by producers. The quality and agronomic performance of an experimental line at various locations is one of the major bases for the recommended release of that line as a named cultivar or its removal from consideration for further testing.

Experimental lines from other state experiment stations and private plant breeding companies also are evaluated for quality. Although data from this project are not instrumental in the eventual release or rejection of lines from these sources, it does provide information on agronomic characteristics prior to release and does assist in cultivar recommendations.

Soils at the Dickinson Research Extension Center (DREC) are representative of a large percentage of southwestern North Dakota soils. However, not all prominent soil types occurring in the southwestern portion of the state occur at the DREC. Moreover, local climatic differences between different areas in the region exist. For these reasons, cultivar comparison studies are conducted at sites besides the DREC to provide an area test of crop cultivar performance at several locations in southwestern North Dakota.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Seed of cultivars evaluated in comparison trials generally were provided by plant breeders at North Dakota State University in Fargo, or from drill strips at the DREC. Cultivars developed from neighboring land-grant institutions and Canada, as well as private plant breeding companies were included.

Cultural practices including tillage and seeding, fertilization, herbicide application, and harvesting followed currently acceptable agronomic procedure in implementing and maintaining cultivar comparison trials. Cultivars and genotypes of each small grain crop (hard red spring wheat, durum wheat, barley, and oat) were evaluated using a replicated randomized complete block design. Demonstration strips also were maintained for grower observation, crop field tours, and for a sufficient amount of seed for quality evaluations. All crop trials were conducted on previously fallowed cropland.

Plant growth was monitored throughout the growing season. Variables that were measured on each plot included: date of emergence, date of plant establishment, days to heading, plant height, plant lodging at physiological maturity, grain yield, 100 seed weight, grain volume weight, grain protein content for wheat, and percentage of plump kernels for barley. Ten random plants in each plot of three replicates within the hard red spring wheat comparison trial were evaluated for flag leaf spotting, using the system developed by McMullen and Francl (M. McMullen and L. Francl, per. comm., 1992).

Data collected at off-station sites included grain yield, grain volume weight, and grain protein content for wheat. Quality characteristics for product acceptance will be determined by the Department of Cereal Science and Food Technology at North Dakota State University from grain samples provided.

Data were analyzed using a computer statistical program.

LITERATURE CITED

Cox, D.J., B.L. D'Appolonia, and J.D. Miller. 1988. Registration of 'Seward' wheat. Crop Sci. 28:378-379.

Fowler, D.B. 1982. Date of seeding, fall growth, and winter survival of winter wheat and rye. Agron. J. 74:1060-1063.

Frohberg, R.C. 1991. Economic impact of plant breeding programs. p. 3-4. In G. Moran (ed.) North Dakota Farm Res. Bimonthly Bull. Vol. 48(4). Fargo, ND.

Hays, W.M. 1893a. p. 72. In Grain and forage crops. North Dak. Agric. Expt. Stat. Bull. No. 10.

Hays, W.M. 1893b. p. 32. In Grain and forage crops. North Dak. Agric. Expt. Stat. Bull. No. 11.

Wyatt, S.D., and W.G. Hamlin. 1992. North Dakota agricultural statistics. Bull. No. 61. North Dak. State Univ. Agric. Expt. Stat. and U.S. Dept. Agric. Ag. Stat. Fed. Bldg., Fargo, ND.

RESULTS

Hard Red Spring Wheat

XW398A4 was among the highest yielding cultivars, if not the highest, at Dickinson and other locations in 1994. Yield performance of this cultivar has been consistent in the three years it has been tested at Dickinson. Average yield of XW398A4 between 1992 and 1994 has been 125% that of Grandin, the most widely grown variety in the southwest in 1994. By comparison, yields of other popular varieties at Dickinson compared to that of Grandin have been: 2375, 91%; Amidon, 99%; and Butte 86, 90%.

Durum Wheat

Yield of Renville, the most widely planted durum wheat in 1994, was 38 bushels per acre. Significant differences in yield among the 25 cultivars evaluated at Dickinson were not detected, in part because some of the variability in yield (as indicated by a CV(%) of 19.5) could not be explained by variety differences. It is likely that yield differences between varieties were masked by soil variability.

Average yield of the varieties Laker, Plenty, Rugby, and Ward has been greater than that of Renville over the last three years. Average yield of Renville over this same time period has been greater than that of Medora and Monroe at all locations tested by DREC scientists.

Barley

Stander was among the top yielding barley cultivars evaluated at Dickinson in 1994. Between 1992 and 1994, average yield of Stander has been 107% that of Stark. Excel, another six-rowed barley, has generally been among the highest yielding barley varieties at Beach, Beulah, Dickinson, Hannover, and Glen Ullin between 1992 and 1994.

Stark compares favorably to the other two-rowed barley cultivars evaluated at Dickinson over the past three years. Yield of Gallatin has been comparable to that of Stark during this period, but grain of Gallatin has generally had a lighter test weight. Test weight for Bowman has been similar to Stark in trials at Beach, Beulah, Dickinson, Glen Ullin, and Hannover during this three-year period, but yields of Stark have consistently been higher than those of Bowman.

Oat

Grain yield of the highest yielding variety at Dickinson in 1994, Derby, was 172 bushels per acre. Paul, a naked oat variety released in 1994, produced grain with the heaviest test weight of all varieties tested, but yield was only 70% that of the average yield for the 28 varieties evaluated. Grain yield of Whitestone, another 1994 release, was not significantly different than that of Dumont. Otana produced significantly more grain than Whitestone in 1994, although yield levels of Otana and Whitestone have been similar when averaged over the last three years.

Dryland Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial - Fallow  -- Dickinson, ND, 1994
Variety Type Days to heading Flag leaf spotting % Height inches Test Weight lbs/bu Yield % of Grandin
1994 1993 1992 Avg
2370 Semidwarf 48.2 70.8 29.0 61.7 44.2 42.1 52.0 46.1 88
2371 Semidwarf 54.7 14.0 32.7 60.6 42.3 42.6 73.0 52.6 100
2375 Semidwarf 47.7 63.9 30.5 61.2 44.1 45.1 54.0 47.7 91
AC Domain Conventional 49.2 71.1 30.2 61.5 39.4 35.7 ---- ---- ----
AC Eatonia Conventional 50.5 67.8 31.7 61.5 39.1 ---- ---- ---- ----
Amidon Conventional 52.0 37.4 31.7 61.0 40.0 47.4 69.0 52.1 99
BW152 Conventional 53.0 ---- 33.5 60.1 38.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
BW661 Conventional 53.5 ---- 33.2 60.5 40.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
Bergen Semidwarf 49.0 53.3 27.5 60.6 49.2 54.6 82.0 61.9 118
Butte 86 Conventional 46.7 62.5 32.0 61.9 43.5 41.1 56.0 46.9 90
CDC Merlin Conventional 51.7 32.5 34.0 60.0 42.2 ---- ---- ---- ----
CDC Teal Conventional 50.5 31.6 32.2 60.2 38.2 42.1 47.0 42.4 81
Dalen Semidwarf 50.2 55.0 27.0 62.6 43.8 51.2 70.0 55.0 105
Express Semidwarf 50.0 37.5 24.0 60.4 39.3 ---- 66.0 ---- ----
Grandin Semidwarf 49.5 50.3 29.2 61.4 42.3 46.8 68.0 52.4 100
Gus Semidwarf 51.5 33.0 32.7 61.0 44.7 49.5 79.0 57.7 110
Invader Conventional 55.2 ---- 33.5 59.9 38.8 ---- ---- ---- ----
Krona Semidwarf 51.7 40.3 26.5 59.6 45.2 ---- ---- ---- ----
Kulm Conventional 46.0 51.4 33.2 63.0 47.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
Len Semidwarf 53.0 40.3 28.7 60.0 42.1 37.8 57.0 45.6 87
McNeal Semidwarf 53.0 52.8 28.7 59.6 47.4 55.1 87.0 63.2 121
Hamer Semidwarf 49.0 48.6 28.2 61.7 52.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
Lars Semidwarf 50.2 41.0 25.2 60.1 49.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
Norlander Semidwarf 46.7 53.7 26.5 62.2 40.9 ---- ---- ---- ----
ND 673 Conventional 50.0 71.1 33.2 61.1 44.4 47.8 60.0 50.7 97
ND 674 Semidwarf 50.2 40.8 30.2 61.9 44.1 49.5 56.0 49.9 95
ND 677 Conventional 50.5 41.7 33.7 61.9 45.3 50.8 60.0 52.0 99
ND 678 Conventional 50.5 35.7 34.2 62.9 51.8 ---- ---- ---- ----
ND 686 Semidwarf 48.5 70.8 29.0 62.1 40.0 51.4 ---- ---- ----
ND 687 Semidwarf 45.0 71.2 27.7 63.6 43.7 41.1 ---- ---- ----
Norm Semidwarf 49.7 28.9 27.5 61.4 49.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
Penewawa Semidwarf 50.2 95.5 26.7 60.0 43.2 46.7 ---- ---- ----
Prospect Semidwarf 50.0 ---- 29.5 61.7 51.1 ---- ---- ---- ----
SBE0437 Semidwarf 51.2 28.3 28.7 60.5 49.6 ---- ---- ---- ----
SD8073 Conventional 49.0 65.0 31.7 61.4 41.8 ---- ---- ---- ----
Sharp Conventional 46.0 61.7 32.2 63.6 44.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
Sonja Semidwarf 49.5 45.2 26.5 60.7 44.6 56.8 ---- ---- ----
Stoa Conventional 50.0 36.2 31.7 60.6 45.3 46.6 56.0 49.3 94
Vance Semidwarf 49.5 39.8 29.7 61.5 43.6 51.5 80.0 58.4 111
XW398A4 Semidwarf 52.5 70.3 29.2 60.6 50.7 54.3 91.0 65.3 125
                     
Mean   50.1 50.3 30.1 61.2 44.2        
CV(%)   2.0 29.1 6.2 1.2 14.6        
LSD .05   1.1 23.8 2.6 1.0 NS        

 

Dryland Durum Variety Trial - Fallow  -- Dickinson, ND, 1994
Variety Type1 Days to Heading Height inches Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Renville
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
D8460 Med 49.7 26.5 60.0 35.1 ---- ---- ---- ----
Voss Conv 53.5 25.0 60.7 39.8 ---- ---- ---- ----
D87130 Med 51.0 29.0 61.9 35.7 ---- ---- ---- ----
D87240 Conv 52.5 30.7 59.0 33.6 ---- ---- ---- ----
D87450 SD 48.2 24.5 59.9 35.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
D88273 Med 50.0 26.5 61.2 34.5 ---- ---- ---- ----
D88303 SD 53.5 26.2 60.7 42.5 ---- ---- ---- ----
D88450 SD 52.0 25.2 61.6 40.0 ---- ---- ---- ----
D89-476 Conv 50.7 28.7 60.6 32.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
D89111 Med 52.0 27.2 60.2 34.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
D89135 Med 51.0 27.2 60.7 33.5 ---- ---- ---- ----
D89172 Med 50.5 26.7 61.7 41.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
D89331 Conv 53.2 29.2 61.0 31.2 ---- ---- ---- ----
D89424 SD 52.7 26.0 60.7 42.0 ---- ---- ---- ----
Laker SD 54.2 28.5 61.6 40.7 48.8 51.0 46.8 108
Lloyd SD 51.0 24.0 59.6 38.1 45.7 47.0 43.6 101
Medora Conv 54.0 28.5 61.9 38.7 40.5 44.0 41.1 95
Monroe Conv 45.5 28.5 61.1 33.3 41.9 49.0 41.4 96
Plenty Conv 52.5 32.5 59.6 35.7 51.8 50.0 45.8 106
Regold Conv 50.7 29.7 61.4 33.4 48.9 ---- ---- ----
Renville Conv 52.0 32.0 60.2 38.0 44.9 47.0 43.3 100
Rugby Conv 52.5 32.0 61.5 41.1 54.6 43.0 46.2 107
Sceptre Med 50.5 29.0 60.4 39.3 52.1 45.0 45.5 105
Vic Conv 52.7 30.0 61.4 37.8 48.1 43.0 43.0 99
Ward Conv 51.2 31.0 61.2 42.6 52.0 44.0 46.2 107
                   
Mean   51.2 28.0 60.1 37.7        
C.V.(%)   4.5 6.2 1.5 19.5        
LSD 0.05   2.6 0.9 1.3 NS        

 

Dryland Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial - No-till Fallow -- Beach, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Protein % Yield % of  Grandin
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
2375 ?? 61.2 15.5 43.3 53.8 66.0 54.37 1.14
Amidon ?? 60.2 16.0 38.3 51.7 61.0 50.33 1.06
Bergen ?? 58.9 15.6 37.1 54.8 64.0 51.97 1.09
Butte 86 ?? 61.2 15.8 40.6 48.1 60.0 49.57 1.04
Grandin ?? 59.9 16.4 36.5 43.3 63.0 47.60 1.00
Gus ?? 60.6 16.1 37.6 52.9 59.0 49.83 1.05
HiLine ?? 59.5 16.0 40.0 ---- ---- ---- ----
Kulm ?? 62.1 15.7 45.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
McNeal ?? 57.9 15.9 37.4 58.8 ---- ---- ----
Stoa ?? 60.0 15.6 42.8 42.0 62.0 48.93 1.03
XW398A4 ?? 60.0 16.0 47.6 68.8 ---- ---- ----
                 
Mean ?? 60.1 15.9 40.6        
CV(%) 9.92 1.6 2.7 10.7        
LSD .05 NS 1.40 NS 6.3        

 

Dryland Durum Variety Trial - No-till Fallow -- Beach, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Renville
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Medora 14,506 59.6 33.3 30.3 60.0 41.20 107.10
Monroe 13,501 58.6 32.9 37.8 65.0 45.23 117.57
Renville 15,941 58.2 35.4 36.6 43.40 38.47 100.00
Vic 13,394 58.0 33.2 35.4 ----    
Voss 15,088 57.9 37.4 ---- ----    
               
Mean 14,485 58.5 34.4        
CV(%) 5.7 1.9 10.8        
LSD .05 1268.9 NS NS        

 

Dryland Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial - Fallow -- Beulah, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Protein % Yield % of Grandin
1994 1992 1991 Avg
bu/ac
2375 12,302 62.4 15.8 59.9 87.0 27.8 58.2 106
Amidon 14,001 61.7 16.0 60.2 100.0 20.9 60.4 111
Bergen 13,325 60.0 14.9 63.7 84.0 28.6 58.8 108
Butte 86 13,088 61.7 16.7 54.5 81.0 22.3 52.6 96
Grandin 12,814 61.9 16.6 56.5 84.0 23.4 54.6 100
Gus 13,938 60.9 16.8 58.6 82.0 23.4 54.7 100
Hi Line 14,111 61.9 15.2 61.2 ---- ---- ---- ----
Kulm 14,722 63.2 16.7 58.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
McNeal 13,803 57.9 15.7 56.0 ---- ---- ---- ----
Stoa 14,224 61.0 15.8 60.1 87.0 23.7 56.9 104
XW398A4 12,054 61.1 15.1 71.0 ---- ---- ---- ----
                 
Mean 13,489 61.2 16.0 60.0        
CV(%) 2.8 1.9 1.7 6.7        
LSD(0.05) 543.3 1.7 0.4 5.8        

 

Dryland Durum Variety Trial - Fallow -- Beulah, ND, 1994

Variety seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Renville
1994 1992 1991 Avg
bu/ac
Medora 10,979 57.5 59.9 73.0 27.2 53.4 92
Monroe 10,347 61.6 61.4 69.0 34.1 54.8 94
Renville 11,840 60.7 72.4 75.0 27.2 58.2 100
Vic 10,456 58.9 66.6 ---- 33.6 ---- ----
Voss 10,881 56.9 64.2 ---- ---- ---- ----
               
Mean 10,901 59.1 64.9        
CV(%) 3.6 2.2 9.1        
LSD .05 603.3 2.0 NS        

 

Dryland Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial - Fallow -- Glen Ullin, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Protein % Yield % of Grandin
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
2375 11,501 58.9 13.6 51.3 50.0 71.0 57.43 102.92
Amidon 11,759 58.6 13.9 49.4 48.5 76.0 57.97 103.89
Bergen 12,529 58.5 13.0 53.9 52.5 75.0 60.47 108.37
Butte 86 12,264 59.5 14.1 48.5 45.0 56.0 49.83 89.30
Grandin 11,619 59.2 14.4 46.5 47.9 73.0 55.80 1.00
Gus 12,368 58.4 14.4 46.0 45.0 68.0 53.00 94.98
Hi Line 12,471 58.6 13.7 48.0 ---- ---- ---- ----
Kulm 12,687 59.2 14.1 48.9 ---- ---- ---- ----
McNeal 12,329 58.2 13.6 48.2 53.6 ---- ---- ----
Stoa 13,079 58.2 13.4 49.3 42.8 65.0 52.37 93.85
XW398A4 11,042 59.1 13.4 56.0 58.0 ---- ---- ----
                 
Mean 12,150 58.8 13.8 49.6        
CV(%) 6.5 1.4 2.2 4.9        
LSD .05 NS 1.7 NS 5.8        

 

Dryland Durum Variety Trial - Fallow -- Glen Ullin, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Renville
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Medora 12,330 59.7 38.1 30.3 62.0 43.47 83.48
Monroe 10,866 59.0 42.2 37.8 68.0 49.33 94.74
Renville 13,039 59.7 48.6 36.6 71.0 52.07 100.00
Vic 11,213 59.7 43.7 35.4 ---- ---- ----
Voss 11,309 59.7 47.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
               
Mean 11,751 59.6 44.0        
CV(%) 7.1 0.7 6.4        
LSD 0.05 1294.1 NS NS        

 

Dryland Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial - Recrop -- Hannover, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Protein % Yield % of Grandin
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
2375 12,737 61.0 15.8 39.6 37.8 65.0 47.5 106
Amidon 13,952 60.1 16.5 36.6 29.5 73.0 46.4 104
Bergen 13,756 60.1 15.3 39.5 29.3 68.0 45.6 102
Butte 86 12,880 61.1 16.2 40.4 33.2 58.0 43.9 98
Grandin 12,129 61.2 17.1 35.5 27.3 71.0 44.6 100
Gus 14,006 59.7 16.7 36.5 35.3 67.0 46.3 104
HiLine 14,529 60.0 15.7 42.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
Kulm 13,788 61.9 16.5 43.0 ---- ---- ---- ----
McNeal 13,661 58.5 15.4 40.9 34.4 ---- ---- ----
Stoa 13,854 60.5 16.0 45.6 30.9 65.0 47.2 106
XW398A4 12,349 60.5 16.1 43.9 34.2 ---- ---- ----
                 
Mean 13,422 60.4 16.1 40.3        
CV(%) 3.5 0.7 3.0 12.0        
LSD .05 686.7 0.6 0.7 NS        

 

Dryland Durum Variety Trial - Recrop -- Hannover, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Renville
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Medora 12,272 61.1 31.1 17.1 55.0 34.4 86
Monroe 11,400 60.6 37.8 18.9 56.0 37.6 94
Renville 12,594 60.9 39.1 19.0 62.0 40.0 100
Vic 11,255 60.4 35.5 23.8 ---- ---- ----
Voss 11,116 61.4 33.1 ---- ---- ---- ----
               
Mean 11,727 60.9 35.3        
CV(%) 4.1 0.8 12.2        
LSD .05 745.7 NS NS        

 

Dryland Barley Variety Trial - Fallow -- Dickinson, ND, 1994
Variety Type Days to heading Height inches Protein % Seed lb Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Stark
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
6884-2912 6R 54.0 28.7 13.9 12,981 43.5 90.5 ---- ---- ---- ----
Azure 6R 49.0 30.7 13.3 12,237 46.6 94.6 79.2 64.0 79.3 92.64
B 1602 6R 53.0 28.7 14.1 13,481 43.9 95.0 72.6 77.0 81.5 95.21
Bob 2R 49.0 27.0 15.8 11,097 49.2 67.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
Bowman 2R 48.0 25.5 13.4 10,387 49.2 81.0 67.2 79.0 75.7 88
Excel 6R 50.0 27.0 13.7 13,096 46.6 95.7 85.3 86.0 89.0 103.97
Gallatin 2R 53.0 26.2 14.3 12,247 46.2 96.9 67.3 80.0 81.4 95.09
Harrington 2R 57.0 25.2 14.2 11,860 44.7 89.8 70.2 88.0 82.7 96.61
Hazen 6R 50.0 31.0 13.6 12,632 44.2 91.2 92.9 69.0 84.4 98.60
M66 6R 49.0 27.2 14.1 12,510 46.9 106.8 ---- ---- ---- ----
MT 860756 2R 54.0 23.7 13.8 11,064 47.7 89.9 93.7 ---- ---- ----
Manley 2R 58.0 27.5 14.3 11,336 44.1 88.0 97.2 ---- ---- ----
Morex 6R 49.0 31.5 14.0 12,984 48.1 84.1 66.0 69.0 73.0 85.28
ND 10981 6R 50.0 30.2 13.6 12,203 44.2 91.2 86.2 76.0 84.5 98.72
ND 11055 6R 49.0 28.2 14.1 12,704 45.4 97.8 87.5 73.0 86.1 100.58
ND 11231-11 2R 49.0 26.0 13.1 10,292 48.6 98.1 81.1 ---- ---- ----
ND 11853-3R 2R 48.0 25.0 14.5 9958 47.9 87.8 72.9 ---- ---- ----
ND 12201 6R 50.0 30.2 13.6 12,509 45.5 90.8 87.3 ---- ---- ----
ND 13297 2R 48.0 27.5 13.6 10,076 48.4 104.1 ---- ---- ---- ----
ND 13299 2R 47.0 24.7 13.5 10,466 48.4 94.9 ---- ---- ---- ----
ND 13300 2R 49.0 26.7 13.6 11,140 48.7 106.6 ---- ---- ---- ----
Robust 6R 50.0 29.2 14.7 12,317 47.5 90.4 72.9 80.0 81.1 94.74
Royal 6R 51.0 23.7 14.4 13,005 45.0 84.5 ---- ---- ---- ----
Shonkin 2R 54.0 26.5 14.9 12,502 49.0 81.2 ---- ---- ---- 0.00
Stander 6R 51.0 27.0 13.5 11,846 46.9 102.8 87.9 84.0 91.6 107.01
Stark 2R 50.0 27.5 13.5 10,155 49.4 97.0 81.8 78.0 85.6 100.00
Mean   50.9 27.4 14.0 11,811 46.8 92.2        
CV%   2.1 3.5 6.1 4.0 2.6 8.1        
LSD.05   1.2 1.3 1.2 669.3 1.7 10.5      

 

Dryland Oat Variety Trial - Fallow -- Dickinson, ND, 1994
Variety Days to Heading Height inches Seeds lb Test Weight lbs/bu Yield % of Otana
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
AC Belmont 54.0 36.0 17,841 39.4 134.6 143.0 ---- ---- ----
Bay 53.7 30.2 12,895 33.9 159.1 192.0 ---- --- ----
Brown 52.0 31.0 11,482 36.0 143.5 ---- ---- ---- ----
Calibre 54.7 38.0 11,383 37.6 180.6 136.0 104.0 140.2 104
Derby 55.0 38.2 11,866 37.2 172.0 130.0 110.0 137.3 102
Dumont 55.7 39.0 11,785 35.9 163.7 144.0 97.0 134.9 100
Hytest 50.0 38.7 12,238 41.7 117.0 116.0 99.0 110.7 82
Jerry 50.2 33.7 12,820 39.0 139.4 149.0 101.0 129.8 96
Kelsey 53.2 38.7 13,693 37.5 159.6 ---- ---- ---- ----
Milton 53.0 32.5 13,364 37.7 138.9 163.0 ---- ---- ----
Monida 55.7 36.5 14,435 36.7 174.5 141.0 112.0 142.5 106
ND852107 53.7 37.5 13,516 37.1 170.8 135.0 109.0 138.3 103
ND862095 54.0 36.0 12,800 38.7 161.6 154.0 96.0 137.2 102
ND880107 55.7 40.0 13,127 36.9 144.7 120.0 ---- ---- ----
ND880224 56.5 37.5 12,120 35.6 166.4 174.0 107.0 149.1 111
ND881374 54.5 39.2 12,521 36.2 162.1 150.0 ---- ---- ----
ND881508 55.5 39.5 13,201 38.6 163.5 136.0 ---- ---- ----
ND900117 51.2 31.5 12,317 39.1 131.7 ---- ---- ---- ----
Newdak 49.2 34.2 12,940 36.4 155.4 132.0 108.0 131.8 98
Otana 54.7 38.5 13,591 38.7 170.6 129.0 104.0 134.5 100
Paul 54.5 37.2 16,843 40.5 107.7 127.0 78.0 104.2 77
Porter 53.5 36.5 13,110 39.2 157.8 184.0 103.0 148.3 110
Prairie 51.0 32.0 12,828 36.0 157.0 143.0 97.0 132.3 98
Riel 54.2 36.7 12,492 36.7 154.1 159.0 109.0 140.7 105
Robert 56.0 37.0 11,289 36.7 148.0 156.0 103.0 135.7 101
Troy 54.0 40.2 14,487 39.1 139.8 133.0 106.0 126.3 94
Valley 51.7 31.5 13,214 39.9 143.5 159.0 97.0 133.2 99
Whitestone 55.7 32.5 13,788 37.9 154.0 130.0 103.0 129.0 96
                   
Mean 53.7 36.1 13,142 37.7 152.6        
CV(%) 3.1 4.4 5.5 2.2 6.3        
LSD(0.05) 1.9 2.2 1025.5 1.2 13.6        

 

Dryland Barley Variety Trial - No-till Fallow -- Beach, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Protein % Yield % of  Stark
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Azure 13,215 47.7 14.4 67.7 45.3 ---- ----  
Bowman 10,941 51.1 14.5 77.8 71.5 81.0 76.77 95.64
Excel 15,505 45.5 14.7 80.3 57.5 106.0 81.27 101.25
Gallatin 12,682 48.0 14.8 75.3 67.2 99.0 80.50 100.29
Manley 14,034 46.2 16.1 63.0 ---- ---- ----  
Robust 13,968 48.2 14.7 73.0 36.2 ---- ----  
Stark 10,613 50.6 14.6 73.9 72.9 94.0 80.27 100.00
                 
Mean 12,994 48.2 14.9 73.0        
CV(%) 3.2 1.9 1.7 5.6        
LSD .05 621.6 1.4 0.4 6.0        

 

Dryland Oat Variety Trial - No-till Fallow -- Beach, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Otana
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Bay 16,624 33.2 94.9 ---- ---- ---- ----
Dumont 14,831 36.2 81.1 105.7 143.0 109.93 93.08
Jerry 14,167 36.9 84.5 129.9 ---- ---- ----
Kelsey 16,398 37.0 95.6 101.6 ---- ---- ----
Milton 16,443 34.9 75.2 ---- ---- ---- ----
Otana 15,845 37.7 94.9 112.4 147.0 118.10 100.00
Paul 20,598 44.1 57.6 ---- ---- ---- ----
Whitestone 16,426 36.6 107.3 ---- ---- ---- ----
               
Mean 16,417 37.1 86.4        
CV(%) 4.9 2.5 5.2        
LSD .05 1180.5 1.4 6.7        

 

Dryland Barley Variety Trial - Fallow -- Beulah, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yeilds % of Stark
Protein % 1194 1992 1991 Avg
Azure --- 49.1 --- 90.6 --- 54.3 --- ---
Bowman --- 51.7 --- 75.5 102.0 60.2 79.2 88
Excel --- 50.0 --- 111.5 141.0 --- --- ---
Gallatin --- 52.7 --- 91.9 129.0 61.2 94.0 105
Manley --- 50.4 --- 95.9 --- --- --- ---
Robust --- 50.9 --- 86.7 --- --- --- ---
Stark --- 52.2 --- 86.6 122.0 60.5 89.7 100
Mean   51.0   91.2        
CV (%)   1.7   4.8        
LSD .05   1.3   6.5        

 

Dryland Oat Variety Trial - Fallow -- Beulah, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Otana
1994 1992 1991 Avg
bu/ac
Bay 15764 33.0 116.7 --- --- --- ---
Dumont 14426 36.0 101.7 135.0 82.5 108.7 95
Jerry 13966 38.5 108.3 --- --- --- ---
Kelsey 16353 35.2 115.1 --- --- --- ---
Milton 15550 36.0 106.6 --- --- --- ---
Otana 16222 35.9 108.9 150.0 78.4 114.2 100
Paul 19129 42.6 86.6 --- --- --- ---
Whitestone 15809 35.4 121.4 --- --- --- ---
Mean 15902 36.6 108.2        
CV(%) 5.7 2.5 7.6        
LSD .05 1334.1 1.3 12.0        

 

Dryland Barley Variety Trial - Fallow -- Glen Ullin, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Protein % Yield % of  Stark
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Azure 10,919 46.6 14.1 84.7 59.0 ---- ---- ----
Bowman 9558 48.6 14.3 68.8 48.7 91.0 69.50 84.76
Excel 11,372 45.9 13.3 96.6 58.6 106.0 87.07 106.18
Gallatin 10,582 49.2 13.8 91.2 48.0 113.0 84.07 102.52
Manley 10,126 46.4 13.6 92.5 ---- ---- ---- ----
Robust 10,697 47.5 14.1 86.3 54.6 ---- ---- ----
Stark 8700 49.7 14.1 84.6 51.4 110.0 82.00 100.00
                 
Mean 10,279 47.7 13.9 86.4        
CV(%) 4.1 1.9 1.5 3.9        
LSD .05 631.6 1.4 0.3 4.9        

 

Dryland Oat Variety Trial - Fallow -- Glen Ullin, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Otana
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Bay 14,302 30.9 102.9 ---- ---- ---- ----
Dumont 12,767 34.7 118.7 119.4 134.0 124.03 97.28
Jerry 14,781 36.0 107.6 107.6 ---- ---- ----
Kelsey 14,396 35.4 116.1 99.7 ---- ---- ----
Milton 20,221 33.7 100.9 ---- ---- ---- ----
Otana 14,124 36.1 122.3 123.2 137.0 127.50 100.00
Paul 12,748 41.0 77.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
Whitestone 14,783 34.4 99.2 ---- ---- ---- ----
               
Mean 14,765 35.3 105.6        
CV(%) 6.2 2.8 10.7        
LSD.05 1357.9 1.4 16.6        

 

Dryland Barley Variety Trial - Recrop -- Hannover, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Protein Yield % of Stark
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Azure 10,862 48.7 15.2 55.2 47.6 ---- ---- ----
Bowman 9545 51.6 14.7 55.3 34.8 100.0 63.4 89
Excel 11,700 49.2 14.3 70.7 50.0 111.0 77.2 108
Gallatin 11,168 50.6 15.3 57.9 34.5 109.0 67.1 94
Manley 11,618 48.7 16.1 50.2 ---- ---- ---- ----
Robust 11,471 50.6 15.1 54.3 49.4 ---- ---- ----
Stark 9010 52.5 15.2 57.0 48.6 109.0 71.5 100
                 
Mean 10,768 50.3 15.2 57.2        
CV(%) 3.1 1.1 1.8 11.8        
LSD .05 499.8 0.8 0.4 10.1        

 

Dryland Oat Variety Trial - Recrop -- Hannover, ND, 1994
Variety Seeds lbs Test weight lbs/bu Yield % of Otana
1994 1993 1992 Avg
bu/ac
Bay 16,429 35.4 54.5 ---- ----    
Dumont 13,875 38.4 59.0 99.1 130.0 96.2 93
Jerry 15,033 39.7 60.3 98.0 ---- ---- ----
Kelsey 17,039 38.1 78.4 106.8 ---- ---- ----
Milton 15,355 37.9 61.4 ---- ---- ---- ----
Otana 15,892 39.1 71.3 105.2 134.0 103.5 100
Paul 24,207 43.6 54.1 ---- ----- ---- ----
Whitestone 15,840 38.2 61.8 ---- ---- ---- ----
               
Mean 16,709 38.8 62.6        
CV(%) 4.9 1.7 18.4        
LSD .05 1209 1.0 NS        

Back to 1994 Research Report Table of Contents
Back to Research Reports
Back to Dickinson Research Extension Center
(http://www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/dickinso/)
Email: drec@ndsuext.nodak.edu