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OAT TRIALS - 1955

Experiments with oats at the Dickinson Experiment Station in 1955 included field plot trials of seventeen varieties and selections, the North Central Uniform Oat Nursery of forty entries, the Dickinson Station Oat Nursery of twenty four entries and an F-5 Oat Nursery of twenty five selections.

OAT VARIETY TRIALS

Yields in this years oat variety trial were higher than for any year since 1948. Highest yielding variety was Gopher which averaged 78.8 bushels per acre followed by Branch at 77.8 bushels per acre. Lowest yield was from Andrew, an average of 57.4 bushels per acre. Some oat stem rust was present again this year and undoubtedly depressed the yields of Palomino and Clarion, the two varieties which were carrying the worst infection.

Data from this years oat varietal trial are given in Table 19. Comparative yield data on the oat varietal trials for the past ten years are summarized in Table 20.

OAT NURSERY TRIALS

In the 1955 planting of the North Central Uniform Oat Nursery at Dickinson the five highest yielding entries were: Clinton x Landhafer, C.I. 5864; Clinton x Ukraine, C.I. 6537; Clinton x (Boone-Cartier), C.I. 6668; Simcoe, C.I. 6767; and Clinton x Ukraine, C.I. 6608. Average yields for all five of the above listed high yielders was above 82.0 bushels per acre.

Table 21 summarizes the data from the 1955 North Central Uniform Nursery at Dickinson.

Highest yielding entries in the Dickinson Station Nursery in 1955 were: Forward2 x (Victoria-Richland), C.I. 6938; Anthony x Morota, C.I. 4267; Beaver, C.I. 4521; and Aberdeen 2437.

There were no outstanding yields recorded from the 1955 F-5 oat nursery.

Data from the Dickinson Station Oat Nursery and the F-5 Oat nursery are summarized in Tables 22 and 23 respectively.

Table 19 - Agronomic Data from Oats Variety Trials - 1955
Date Seeded - 4-18; Date Emerged - 5-5; Rate - 1 bpa; Plot Size - 1/66 acre
Description C.I or N. No. Yield - Bu. per acre Av. Test Wt. Dates Ht. In. Stem Rust Rank
1 2 3 4 1st Head Ripe
Andrew 4170 56.7 55.5 57.7 59.7 57.4 41.0 6-21 7-30 34 T 17
Sac x Hajira-Joanette 5927 70.0 63.9 61.8 64.9 65.2 40.5 6-20 7-25 30 0 9
Mo. 0-205 4988 70.0 59.7 65.9 65.9 65.4 39.5 6-22 7-26 36 T 8
Clarion 5647 76.2 53.6 57.7 58.7 61.2 41.0 6-22 7-26 31 35 14
Waubay 5440 76.2 53.6 58.7 62.8 62.8 39.0 6-22 7-27 34 T 11
Marion 3247 90.6 57.7 61.8 72.1 70.6 36.0 6-22 7-27 38 T 6
Palomino 5636 72.1 52.5 55.6 65.9 61.5 33.5 6-22 7-27 36 50 13
Gopher 2027 96.8 70.0 72.1 76.2 78.8 35.0 6-22 7-27 36 25 1
Ajax 4157 82.4 56.7 61.8 65.9 66.7 33.0 6-26 7-27 36 T 7
Fortune 5226 60.8 53.6 55.6 65.9 59.0 35.0 6-25 8-1 38 T 16
Rainbow 2345 82.4 52.5 55.6 57.7 62.1 32.5 6-29 8-1 38 T 12
Branch 5013 105.1 63.9 61.8 80.3 77.8 34.5 6-30 8-1 36 T 2
Garry Selection 6648 91.7 61.8 61.8 71.1 71.6 32.5 6-29 8-1 40 0 3
Rodney 6661 84.5 63.9 61.8 74.2 71.1 34.5 6-29 8-1 38 0 4
Overland 4181 76.2 65.9 61.8 78.3 70.6 37.5 6-26 8-1 32 0 5
Cody 3916 68.0 60.8 59.7 70.0 64.6 33.0 6-30 8-1 31 0 10
Marida 2571 63.9 57.7 55.6 64.9 60.5 33.0 6-30 8-1 38 15 15

 

Table 20 - Comparative Yields Oat Varietal Trials - 1946-1955 With Averages since 1946
Variety Yields in Bushels per Acre Averages  
1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1954 to 1955 1953 to 1955 1952 to 1955 1951 to 1955 1950 to 1955 1949 to 1955 1948 to 1955 1947 to 1955 1946 to 1955
Gopher 45.6 63.3 93.6 21.4 43.3 69.8 28.5 56.7 28.7 78.8 53.8 54.7 48.2 52.5 51.0 46.7 52.6 53.8 53.0
Marion 47.7 65.7 92.0 22.9 42.3 61.8 29.6 66.7 28.9 70.6 49.8 55.4 49.0 51.5 50.0 46.1 51.9 53.4 52.8
Ajax 55.5 63.6 92.8 22.5 45.1 60.9 32.2 63.1 28.6 66.7 47.7 52.8 47.7 50.3 49.4 45.6 51.5 52.8 53.1
Andrew       19.8 40.7 59.8 22.7 63.6 30.4 57.4 43.9 50.5 43.5 46.8 45.8 42.1      
Palomino         56.7 69.4 30.1 57.9 30.4 61.5 46.0 49.9 45.0 49.9 51.0        
Clarion             26.8 60.3 30.3 61.2 45.8 50.6 44.7            
Waubay             31.0 68.5 29.3 62.8 46.1 53.5 47.9            
 
Rainbow 54.9 64.2 91.5 23.5 37.9 51.1 33.2 58.2 28.2 62.1 45.2 49.5 45.4 46.6 45.1 42.0 48.2 50.0 50.5
Marida 54.4 55.6 109.0 17.7 36.3 53.4 38.4 46.9 31.7 60.5 46.1 46.4 44.4 46.2 44.5 40.7 49.2 49.9 50.4
Overland           53.1 30.4 64.4 32.8 70.6 51.7 55.9 49.6 50.3          
Cody           64.5 39.8 63.2 30.2 64.6 47.4 52.7 49.5 52.5          
Fortune             35.3 65.7 31.3 59.0 45.2 52.0 47.8            
Mo-0-205                 30.4 65.4 47.9                
Rodney                 26.2 71.1 48.7                
Garry Selection                 27.8 71.6 49.7                
Branch                 26.8 77.8 52.3                

 

Table 21 - Agronomic Data from the North Central Uniform Oat Nursery - 1955
Date Seeded - 4-15; Date Emerged - 5-1; Rate - 6 pecks; Plot Size - 1' x 16'
Description C.I. No Yield - Bu. per acre Test Wt. Dates Ht. In. Stem Rust
1 2 3 Av. 1st Head Ripe
Andrew 4170 84.0 68.4 52.0 68.1 37.0 6-21 8-1 32 0
Andrew x Clinton 5966 74.0 94.4 75.6 81.3 35.5 29 1 37 0
Beacon x Hawkeye-Victoria 6752 61.2 70.0 50.0 60.4 37.0 25 7-29 33 T
Bentland 6930 58.4 56.0 44.0 52.8 35.5 23 29 36 25
Benton x Marion 6928 62.8 60.4 56.4 59.9 36.0 21 29 38 40
Do 6929 70.0 70.0 62.8 67.6 36.5 22 29 39 15
(Bond-Rainbow x H-J) x Landhafer 6913 61.6 56.0 58.4 58.7 36.5 19 30 34 T
(Boone-Cartier) x Clinton 6927 58.4 59.6 55.6 57.9 36.0 19 30 37 25
Clarion 5647 60.8 86.4 74.8 74.0 37.0 22 30 38 T
Clintland 6701 58.8 58.0 60.0 58.9 37.0 21 30 36 40
Clinton 59 4259 66.0 61.8 67.6 65.1 37.5 21 30 36 40
Clinton2 x Ark 674 6644 61.0 61.0 62.0 61.3 35.5 21 30 36 40
Clinton x (Boone-Cartier) 6668 76.0 91.6 82.4 83.3 35.0 27 8-1 40 0
Do 6933 67.2 70.0 60.4 65.9 39.5 22 7-29 40 0
Clinton x Landhafer 5864 87.6 94.6 85.6 89.3 38.0 21 8-1 41 0
Clinton x [Victory x (Victoria x H-B)] 7030 60.0 58.4 56.0 58.1 37.5 21 7-29 36 0
Do 7020 70.0 78.0 74.0 74.0 36.0 21 29 34 0
Clinton x Ukraine 6537 86.0 84.8 82.8 84.5 37.5 21 8-1 40 0
Do 6008 79.6 86.0 80.8 82.1 38.0 21 1 39 T
D69-Bond x (Vict-Rich x Bannock) 7117 58.0 46.8 50.4 51.7 37.0 21 7-29 34 0
Gopher 2027 70.0 91.2 73.2 78.1 36.0 25 7-29 36 T
Jackson 5441 88.0 89.6 48.4 75.3 39.5 25 29 38 T
Landhafer x (Mindo x H. J.) x Andrew 6878 76.0 77.2 64.0 72.4 35.5 19 8-1 36 0
Do 7083 82.0 86.4 64.0 77.5 36.0 21 7-29 32 T
Do 7084 79.6 83.6 74.8 79.3 37.5 22 29 32 0
Do 6936 70.4 44.4 56.0 56.9 36.5 23 29 32 0
Landhafer x (Mindo x H. J.) x Clinton 6935 84.0 93.2 63.2 80.1 33.0 26 8-1 35 0
Marion x D69-Bond 7116 96.0 94.0 54.8 81.6 35.5 23 1 34 0
Minland 6765 66.0 67.6 45.2 59.6 33.0 19 1 34 0
Mo. 0-205 4988 75.2 82.8 58.4 72.1 37.0 23 1 35 0
Nemaha x (Clinton x Boone-Cartier) 6934 74.8 68.0 58.0 66.9 38.0 24 7-30 33 0
Newton 6642 64.0 52.8 46.0 54.3 37.0 21 29 28 0
Rox x (Vic x H-B) x Aj x (Vic x H.B.) 5961 87.2 94.4 52.8 78.1 37.0 24 29 34 0
Do 5962 80.4 91.2 63.2 78.3 37.0 24 30 37 0
Ransom 5927 67.2 70.0 53.2 63.5 36.5 21 8-1 33 0
Sauk 5946 90.4 80.0 67.2 79.2 36.0 27 1 38 0
Simcoe 6767 94.0 87.2 69.2 83.5 36.0 25 1 39 0
Vicland x (Br. x Clinton2SF) 6916 60.0 58.0 51.6 56.5 37.0 21 7-30 31 0
(Victoria x H-B) x Spooner 6939 84.8 84.0 76.4 81.7 38.0 25 8-1 40 0
Waubay 5440 74.0 74.0 74.4 74.1 37.5 23 7-30 39 T

 

Table 22 - Agronomic Data from the Station Oat Nursery - 1955
Date Seeded - 4-18; Date Emerged - 5-2; Rate - 6 pecks; Plot Size - 3' x 16'
Description CI No Yield - Bu. per acre Test Wt. Dates Ht. In. Stem Rust
1 2 3 Av. 1st Head Ripe
Ajax 4157 52.0 60.0 63.0 58.5 36.0 6-24 8-1 36 0
Exeter --- 50.8 60.0 66.0 58.9 32.0 29 1 40 0
Gopher 2027 55.2 50.0 64.0 56.4 36.5 25 2 39 15
Marida 2571 60.4 58.0 57.6 58.7 32.5 29 3 45 25
Mission --- 64.8 45.6 63.6 58.0 35.0 28 1 43 25
Shelby 4372 44.0 53.6 63.6 53.7 36.0 25 2 38 25
Andrew 4170 54.8 58.0 74.8 62.5 36.5 21 2 37 T
Huron 3756 58.4 48.4 59.6 55.5 37.5 25 1 41 25
Overland 4181 57.6 62.8 57.2 59.2 36.5 26 2 37 15
Beaver 4521 98.0 72.0 65.2 78.4 33.5 26 2 41 T
Palomino 5636 65.2 55.6 75.2 65.3 38.5 25 2 39 25
Cody 3916 76.4 58.4 70.8 68.5 32.0 28 2 39 15
Lasalle 5628 70.8 62.8 60.0 64.5 35.5 21 7-28 28 50
Andrew x Clinton 5967 60.4 59.6 83.6 67.9 36.5 24 8-1 34 25
Anthony x Morota 4267 80.0 70.4 90.0 80.1 31.5 29 1 42 T
Ab 2435 --- 66.0 68.0 72.0 68.7 37.0 25 1 39 0
Ab 2437 --- 76.4 63.2 85.6 75.1 34.5 27 1 43 0
Ab 2438 --- 62.8 59.6 65.2 62.5 35.5 25 2 45 0
Ab 2439 --- 66.0 54.8 63.2 61.3 35.5 25 1 42 0
Fwd2 x Vict-Rich 6938 94.4 73.2 83.2 83.6 35.0 30 1 43 0
Clint x Boone-Cartier 5940 54.8 55.2 76.8 62.3 35.0 26 2 39 0
Rodney 6661 54.8 70.0 78.8 67.9 36.0 22 7-28 35 50
Garry 6662 66.8 70.0 84.8 73.9 34.5 27 8-2 40 T
Waubay 5440 58.4 58.8 64.8 60.7 37.5 23 1 38 T

 

Table 23 - Agronomic Data from the F-5 Oat Nursery - 1955
Date Seeded - 4-18; Date Emerged - 5-2; Rate - 6 pecks; Plot Size - 1' x 16'
Description Yield - Bu. per acre Test Wt. Dates Ht. In. Stem Rust 1954 Ab. no
1 2 3 Av. 1st Head Ripe
Waubay x (Bonda x H-J x SF) 58.0 50.4 62.0 56.8 35.5 6-26 7-30 37 0 2679
Do 74.0 50.4 67.6 64.0 37.0 25 30 37 0 2681
Do 66.4 64.8 57.6 62.9 36.0 30 8-1 39 0 2690
Do 78.8 57.2 77.6 71.2 33.0 26 1 39 0 2692
Do 82.0 58.0 65.6 68.5 31.5 29 1 36 0 2693
Osage (C.I. 3991) 84.4 59.2 76.8 73.5 35.0 20 7-30 30 0 check
Clarion x (Bonda x H-J x SF) 50.0 44.0 48.4 47.5 36.0 20 30 33 0 2708
Do 77.2 50.0 53.6 60.3 36.0 25 8-1 37 0 2726
(Bonda x H-J x SF) x Marion 75.2 52.0 65.2 64.1 34.0 25 1 39 0 2733
Do 76.0 52.0 62.8 63.6 37.5 25 7-30 36 0 2748
Do 73.6 57.6 51.6 60.9 34.5 26 30 41 0 2755
Do 74.0 63.6 58.4 65.3 34.5 26 8-1 39 0 2758
Do 66.0 65.2 54.4 61.9 31.5 29 1 41 0 2769
Do 85.2 72.8 51.2 69.7 35.0 25 1 37 0 2780
Do 72.0 67.6 56.0 65.2 35.5 23 1 36 0 2781
Do 66.4 61.6 61.6 63.2 33.0 29 1 38 0 2783
Do 54.0 74.0 55.2 61.1 33.0 29 1 36 0 2784
Do 60.8 73.2 59.6 64.5 34.0 25 1 36 0 2785
Do 50.8 74.8 46.8 67.5 34.0 25 1 36 0 2789
Do 46.8 80.0 57.2 61.3 34.0 29 1 35 0 2791
Do 46.0 72.4 59.6 59.3 33.5 29 4 35 0 2795
Do 56.8 71.2 70.0 66.0 36.0 21 7-29 31 0 2796
Do 50.8 80.8 65.2 65.6 35.0 29 8-1 33 0 2797
Palomino (CI 5636) 70.0 53.6 69.6 64.4 35.0 23 7-30 31 T check

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