North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue, Dickinson, ND 58601-4642 Voice: (701) 483-2348 FAX: (701) 483-2005


ROTATION AND TILLAGE TRIALS - 1953

The 1953 trials complete 47 years of study in Dry Land Soil Management at the Dickinson Experiment Station. In 1907 all trials were grown on uniform cropping and are not included in the long time average.

In the following summary tables, 1953 yields for the 4 principal crops, wheat, oats, barley and corn, included in this trials are compared with annual averages for the past 5 years and with the 45 year average for the more important cultural methods under investigation.

Summary - Wheat Yields - 1953 Rotation and Tillage Trials
Cultural Method No. Plots 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 Av. 1908-1952 Relative Yields % 1908-1952
Fallow 51 41.2 9.7 23.1 23.9 10.7 22.2 20.7 100%
Green Manure 32 37.1 6.5 24.5 23.7 8.9 24.3 18.8 91%
Disked Cornground 9 34.7 10.3 18.4 21.4 9.8 20.7 18.2 88%
S.P. Stubble 1 20.3 5.7 17.2 13.5 7.5 18.7 13.4 65%
F.P. Stubble 2 20.2 7.5 23.5 15.6 9.0 18.7 14.8 71%
Continuous:
Spring Plowing 1 21.7 3.2 14.5 13.7 7.5 15.8 11.5 56%
Fall Plowing 1 19.5 2.7 8.7 13.0 9.2 14.6 11.0 53%
Alternate Wheat and Fallow 1 34.5 7.2 17.5 22.2 8.2 21.2 19.6 95%
13 plots only from 1908-1952.
25 plots from 1908-1951. 3 plots in 1951-1953.

 

Summary Oat Yields - 1953 Rotation and Tillage Trials
Cultural Method No. Plots 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 Av. 1908-1952 Relative Yields 1908 -1952
Fallow 3 89.7 24.9 51.9 62.2 27.3 59.5 46.8 100%
Green Manure 3 87.4 15.9 58.7 54.6 24.6 65.1 45.2 97%
Disked Cornland 5 71.7 22.7 40.8 54.2 22.1 48.9 37.2 80%
S.P. Stubble 4 63.2 32.8 44.2 35.6 22.5 58.7 36.1 77%
F.P. Stubble 5 48.4 19.1 46.9 37.1 26.3 50.0 32.1 69%
Sod 3 49.2 23.6 43.1 44.9 26.5 48.2 33.8 72%
Continuous:
Spring Plowing 1 31.6 13.8 30.6 42.5 16.9 37.8 26.6 57%
Fall Plowing 1 29.1 8.1 43.0 33.8 20.0 31.6 24.6 53%
Alternate Oats and fallow 1 62.2 23.4 53.8 60.6 29.4 50.3 45.5 97%

 

Summary - Barley Yields - 1953 Rotation and Tillage Trials
Cultural Method No Plots 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 Av. 1908-1952 Relative Yields 1908-1952
Fallow 2 33.8 5.8 25.4 43.8 25.2 35.0 27.0 1005
Disked Cornland 2 38.4 14.1 24.0 35.2 15.9 29.3 21.2 79%
S.P. Stubble 1 23.1 5.8 29.6 22.7 12.4 29.0 16.2 60%
Continuous:
Spring Plowing 1 22.3 7.7 19.4 28.1 16.9 27.1 16.0 59%
Fall Plowing 1 18.3 1.5 12.9 29.2 20.0 23.7 14.8 54%
Alternate barley and fallow. 1 54.2 12.7 32.7 38.5 29.4 32.4 24.2 89%

 

Summary - Corn Yields - 1953 Rotation and Tillage Trials
Cultural Method No. Plots 1948 1949 1950 1951 19521 19531 Av. 1908-1952 Relative Yields 1908-1952

CORN GRAIN

Spring Plowing 16 30.0 13.9 22.0 23.2 16.0 50.0 17.6 100%
Fall Plowing 4 30.2 13.7 24.1 25.5 18.1 30.0 16.2 92%
Continuous:
Spring Plowing 1 26.4 5.0 22.1 29.1 14.9 22.9 19.0 108%
Fall Plowing 1 28.4 14.1 20.4 34.4 17.6 14.3 18.9 107%
Alternate Corn and Fallow 1 26.4 13.8 16.4 29.1 32.9 14.3 20.9 119%

CORN SILAGE

Spring Plowing 16 8902 4526 7990 7928 5569 13300 7168 100%
Fall Plowing 4 8860 3920 7224 8726 5450 10175 6268 88%
Continuous:
Spring Plowing 1 7100 2100 7900 8180 2700 8900 6380 89%
Fall Plowing 1 6780 4720 6360 9520 4600 7100 6122 85%
Alternate Corn and Fallow 1 6600 5740 6600 7800 7000 9600 6900 96%
1Silage yields previous to 1952 figured on basis of corn fodder yield calculated as 50% of silage weight.

Yields were good for all major crops in these trials in 1953, with corn being the most outstanding crop.

Small grain yields followed rather closely the pattern of the 45 year average. Yields on plots green manured in 1952 were exceptionally good, which is usually the case in years when seasonal rainfall is good.

Stem rust race 15-B caused some damage to wheat and oat stem rust race 8 caused some damage to oat plots, but because these plots were seeded early the damage was considerably less than that which occurred in later plantings.


Back to 1953 Research Reports Table of Contents
Back to Research Reports
Back to Dickinson Research Extension Center
(http://www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/dickinso/)
Email: drec@ndsuext.nodak.edu