North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue, Dickinson, ND 58601-4642 Voice: (701) 483-2348 FAX: (701) 483-2005
FARM POULTRY FLOCK MAINTAINED FOR BOTH MEAT AND
Each spring, about April 1, the Dickinson Experiment Station purchases 500 straight run White Rock chicks from the Poultry Department, North Dakota Agricultural College. The starter ration this year was a high energy type ration containing 60% corn and was pelleted. Rather than change over to grower mash and scratch grain at six weeks as has been our custom, we pelleted another batch of high energy, high protein feed composed of 50% corn. The cockerels were moved to separate quarters at six weeks and we started marketing three pound birds at nine weeks of age. About 170 were sold during the eleventh week and the average weight was 3.9 pounds. The entire flock of 248 cockerels had a cumulative live weight of 975 pounds and consumed 2,963 pounds of feed. Each pound of fryer was produced for 3.04 pounds of feed and each bird ate feed costing $.50. Table X gives a partial summary of results obtained with the three flocks of cockerels we have raised.
The pullets were moved to clean range at seven weeks of age and fed a mash and grain
ration. We housed 234 pullets August 23, 1953. Percentage egg production obtained from the
last two flocks of pullets is shown in Table XI.
|Table X - Three Years Results With Cockerels from Five Hundred Straight Run White Rock Chicks|
|Hatching date||March 30||April 4||April 2|
|Starter ration||Commercial - 18% protein||Commercial - 21% protein||Hi-energy home mix pelleted - 21% protein|
|Scratch Grain||After 4th week||After 5th week||None|
|Cockerels moved to separate qtrs.||7 weeks||7 weeks||6 weeks|
|Pullets moved to range||10 weeks||8 ½ weeks||7 weeks|
|Cockerels reached 4 lb. average||12 weeks||13-15 weeks||11-12 weeks|
|Feed consumed per cockerel marketed (pounds)||12.9||14.1||11.4|
|Feed cost per cockerel marketed||.45||.50 to 13 wks.||.50|
|Av. selling price per cockerel||$1.46||$1.27||$1.10|
|Table XI -|
|1953 pullets||36||55||55||(2 weeks)|
Although the poultry project is not a true experiment, we keep records on methods and rations used from year to year and have been able to make some improvements each year. The high energy pelleted ration used in 1953 gave such good results that we plan to continue mixing our own chick starter and grower. Our goal in egg production is year 'round production of more than 50%.