North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue, Dickinson, ND 58601-4642 Voice: (701) 483-2348 FAX: (701) 483-2005
CHARACTER OF THE SEASON
Lack of moisture in any form during the open winter of 1952-53 made imperative the need for early spring moisture before any appreciable amount of field work could be started. Precipitation on the second and the twenty-first of March amounting to nearly half an inch each time improved the situation considerably and moisture was down one to one and one-half feet in stubble when field work was begun.
April rainfall was excellent, totaling 3.50 inches. Seeding was delayed somewhat because of rainy weather the last week of April and at the end of the month wheat seeding was only about 25% completed.
Continued good precipitation in May slowed seeding somewhat but brought hay and pastures along nicely, as well as the small grain which was in the ground. At the end of the month there was still about 10% of the wheat acreage to be seeded and only about 50% of the barley and oats was in. Early seedings were badly infested with wild oats in many instances. Corn planting was just beginning in this area at the end of the month.
Excellent rainfall through June and July was very favorable for the growth of small grain crops but the cool weather delayed the corn growth some. Appearance of wheat stem rust race 15-B was general in the area by the end of July, and was rapidly becoming a serious threat to the wheat crop. Stem rust Race of oat stem rust made its appearance in July and susceptible varieties were badly infected before harvest.
Because of the rainy weather at the time the weed spraying was not as extensive as it should have been.
Weather was favorable for haying and harvest, except for losses from wheat rust race 15-B and oat stem rust Race 8, the crop was the best on record.
Fall rainfall was good but came too late to furnish moisture for germination and early
growth of winter wheat and winter rye seedings.
|Daily Precipitation - 1953|
|Climatic Data Summary - 1953|
|Climatic Data||Jan. 1953||Feb. 1953||Mar. 1953||Apr. 1953||May 1953||June 1953||July 1953||Aug. 1953||Sept. 1953||Oct. 1953||Nov. 1953||Dec. 1953||Total Amount||Mean Seasonal|
|61 year Average||.47||.43||.77||1.24||2.21||3.48||2.19||1.74||1.19||.87||.54||.44||15.57||10.86|
|Mean Temperature - Degrees Fahrenheit||Mean annual|
|40 year Average||10.2||13.2||24.9||41.8||52.2||61.6||68.1||66.2||56.0||43.7||28.1||16.2||40.2|
|Wind Velocity - Miles per Hour|
|34 Year Average||6.7||6.7||5.6||4.7||4.9||5.2|
|Last killing frost in the Spring|
|1953||May 13 - 25oF|
|45 Year Average||May 18|
|First killing frost in the Fall|
|1953||September 24 - 24oF|
|45 Year average||September 15.|
|Frost free season for 1953 - 134 days.||45 year average frost free season - 117 days.|