North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
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CHARACTER OF THE SEASON

Lack of moisture in any form during the open winter of 1952-53 made imperative the need for early spring moisture before any appreciable amount of field work could be started. Precipitation on the second and the twenty-first of March amounting to nearly half an inch each time improved the situation considerably and moisture was down one to one and one-half feet in stubble when field work was begun.

April rainfall was excellent, totaling 3.50 inches. Seeding was delayed somewhat because of rainy weather the last week of April and at the end of the month wheat seeding was only about 25% completed.

Continued good precipitation in May slowed seeding somewhat but brought hay and pastures along nicely, as well as the small grain which was in the ground. At the end of the month there was still about 10% of the wheat acreage to be seeded and only about 50% of the barley and oats was in. Early seedings were badly infested with wild oats in many instances. Corn planting was just beginning in this area at the end of the month.

Excellent rainfall through June and July was very favorable for the growth of small grain crops but the cool weather delayed the corn growth some. Appearance of wheat stem rust race 15-B was general in the area by the end of July, and was rapidly becoming a serious threat to the wheat crop. Stem rust Race of oat stem rust made its appearance in July and susceptible varieties were badly infected before harvest.

Because of the rainy weather at the time the weed spraying was not as extensive as it should have been.

Weather was favorable for haying and harvest, except for losses from wheat rust race 15-B and oat stem rust Race 8, the crop was the best on record.

Fall rainfall was good but came too late to furnish moisture for germination and early growth of winter wheat and winter rye seedings.

Daily Precipitation - 1953
  Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual
1 0 .05 .05 0 .65 0 .08 0 0 0 0 0  
2 0 0 .45 .04 .25 0 T 0 0 0 0 .01  
3 T 0 T T .16 .13 0 T 0 0 0 T  
4 T .02 .02 0 T .14 .27 0 .05 0 0 T  
5 T 0 .07 0 0 .05 .36 .51 0 0 0 .01  
6 .08 0 .01 T 0 T 0 T 0 0 0 0  
7 0 0 .02 .04 0 T 0 T 0 0 .01 0  
8 0 T 0 .08 0 .21 0 0 0 0 0 0  
9 0 .02 0 .56 .35 .50 0 T 0 0 0 0  
10 0 .04 0 .04 .45 .02 0 T T 0 0 T  
11 0 0 0 .03 .06 .01 .28 0 0 0 0 0  
12 0 0 .10 0 .26 0 0 0 0 0 0 .05  
13 T 0 0 T 0 .05 0 0 0 0 0 0  
14 T .02 .02 T 0 T 0 0 0 0 0 0  
15 .01 .06 T .04 T- .51 0 0 0 0 0 .01  
16 0 .06 0 .01 0 .27 0 0 0 0 0 .01  
17 .02 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T 0 0  
18 T 0 T 0 0 .05 0 .07 .08 0 0 0  
19 0 0 T 0 0 .90 .07 .92 0 0 0 0  
20 0 T 0 0 .12 .85 .61 .03 T 0 0 .04  
21 0 0 .51 0 .11 .06 .15 0 T .17 0 .07  
22 T 0 .01 .01 .01 0 0 0 0 1.46 0 0  
23 0 0 .02 0 .06 T 0 T 0 .25 .01 0  
24 0 0 T 1.05 .40 .20 .06 0 .01 0 T 0  
25 0 0 0 .45 .14 T .25 .03 .08 T 0 0  
26 .03 0 0 T 0 T .26 T T 0 T 0  
27 0 0 0 .08 .03 T .02 0 0 .03 0 .01  
28 0 0 0 .01 .25 0 0 0 0 0 .05 0  
29 .02 --- 0 .22 .11 .04 .07 .22 0 0 T .02  
30 T --- 0 .84 .04 T 0 0 0 .02 0 0  
31 .01 --- 0 --- .02 --- T 0 --- 0 --- 0  
Tot. .17 .27 1.28 3.50 3.47 3.99 2.48 1.78 .22 1.93 .07 .23 19.39

 

Climatic Data Summary - 1953
Climatic Data Jan. 1953 Feb. 1953 Mar. 1953 Apr. 1953 May 1953 June 1953 July 1953 Aug. 1953 Sept. 1953 Oct. 1953 Nov. 1953 Dec. 1953 Total Amount Mean Seasonal
Annual Precipitation .17 .27 1.28 3.50 3.47 3.99 2.48 1.78 .22 1.93 .07 .23 19.39 15.22
61 year Average .47 .43 .77 1.24 2.21 3.48 2.19 1.74 1.19 .87 .54 .44 15.57 10.86
Mean Temperature - Degrees Fahrenheit Mean annual
Annual 21.9 22.0 26.1 35.5 49.4 71.8 66.7 68.4 57.6 51.0 37.1 24.5 44.3
40 year Average 10.2 13.2 24.9 41.8 52.2 61.6 68.1 66.2 56.0 43.7 28.1 16.2 40.2
Wind Velocity - Miles per Hour
Annual       5.2 4.8 4.5 3.9 3.5 4.7          
34 Year Average       6.7 6.7 5.6 4.7 4.9 5.2          
Last killing frost in the Spring
1953 May 13 - 25oF
45 Year Average May 18
First killing frost in the Fall
1953 September 24 - 24oF
45 Year average September 15.
Frost free season for 1953 - 134 days. 45 year average frost free season - 117 days.

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