North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
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CHARACTER OF THE SEASON
Lack of moisture in any form during the open winter of 1952-53 made imperative the need for early spring moisture before any appreciable amount of field work could be started. Precipitation on the second and twenty-first of March amounting to nearly half an inch each time improved the situation considerably and moisture was down one to one and one-half feet in stubble when field was begun.
April rainfall was excellent, totaling 3.50 inches. Seeding was delayed somewhat because of rainy weather the last week in April and at the end of the month wheat seeding was only about 25% completed.
Continued good precipitation in May slowed seeding somewhat but brought hay and pastures along nicely, as well as the small grain which was in the ground. At the end of the month there was still about 10% of the wheat acreage to be seeded and only about 50% of the oats and barley was in. Early seedings were badly infested with wild oats in many instances. Corn planting was just beginning in this area at the end of the month.
Excellent rainfall through June and July was very favorable for growth of small grain crops but the cool weather delayed corn growth some. Appearance of wheat stem rust race 15-B was general in the area by the end of July, and was rapidly becoming a serious threat to the wheat crop. Stem rust race 8 of oat stem rust and made its appearance in July and susceptible varieties were badly infected before harvest.
Because of rainy weather at the time the weed spraying was not as extensive as it should have been.
Weather was favorable for haying and harvest, and except for losses from wheat rust race 15-B and oat stem rust race 8, the crop was one of the best on record.
Fall rainfall was good but came too late to furnish moisture for germination and early
growth of winter wheat and winter rye seedings.
|Table 1 - Daily Precipitation - 1953|
|1953 Jan.||1953 Feb.||1953 Mar.||1953 April||1953 May||1953 June||1953 July||1953 Aug.||1953 Sept.||1953 Oct.||1952 Nov.||1952 Dec.||Annual|
|Table 2 - Climatic Data Summary - 1953 - Dickinson Experiment Station, Dickinson, North Dakota|
|Climatic Data||Nov 1952||Dec 1952||Jan 1953||Feb 1953||Mar 1953||Apr 1953||May 1953||June 1953||July 1953||Aug 1953||Sept 1953||Oct 1953||Total Amount||Mean Seasonal|
|61 year average||.54||.44||.47||.43||.77||1.24||2.21||3.48||2.19||1.74||1.19||.87||15.57||9.12|
|Mean Temperature - Degrees Fahrenheit|
|40 year average||28.1||16.2||10.2||13.2||24.9||41.8||52.2||61.6||68.1||66.2||56.0||43.7||40.2||---|
|Wind Velocity - Miles per Hour|
|34 Year average||6.7||6.7||5.6||4.7||4.9||5.2|
|Last Killing Frost in the Spring|
|1953||May 13 - 25o F|
|45 Year average||May 18|
|First Killing Frost in the Fall|
|1953||September 24 - 24o F|
|45 year average||September 15|
|Frost free season for 1953 - 139 Days||45 year average frost free season - 117 Days|
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