North Dakota State University * Dickinson Research Extension Center
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EXPERIMENTS WITH BARLEY

Experiments with barley in 1952 included field plot trials of eleven named varieties and three Dickinson Experiment Station selections, and nursery trials of 63 varieties, strains and selections.

VARIETAL EXPERIMENTS

The five top yielding varieties in the Dickinson Experiment Station varietal field plot trials in 1952 were: Hannchen which averaged 34.7 b.p.a., Tregal which averaged 33.7 b.p.a., Vantage which yielded 33.0 b.p.a., and two selections from Composite Cross 6725 made at the Dickinson Experiment Station in 1945, Ds. 45-15 which averaged 32.8 b.p.a. and Ds. 45-297 which produced a yield of 31.9 b.p.a.

Data from the 1952 field plot trials is presented in table 13.

Long term averages for the barley variety trials are summarized in table 14.

DICKTOO - A NEW BARLEY FOR NEBRASKA

One of the most interesting developments in connection with the barley work at the Dickinson Experiment Station this year was the release of Dicktoo, a new winter barley variety for Nebraska. Dicktoo, (named for Dickinson Selection Two), traces to some early selection work with barley done at this station by Mr. Ralph W. Smith, former agronomist. Selected originally as a spring barley, this strain was not particularly promising and after several years in trials here was dropped. It had, however, apparently been placed in a regional nursery and found its way into Nebraska where it eventually was tested as a winter barley, and found promising. In the hands of the capable Nebraska agronomists, including L.P. Reitz and O.J. Webster, this strain advanced through the various nursery and field plot trials to emerge this year as a new variety considerably more winterhardy than previously recommended varieties. Dicktoo will help to stabilize winter barley production in Nebraska.

The story of Dicktoo - from Dickinson to Nebraska - points up the value of regional cooperation in the small grains testing programs.

Table 13 - Agronomic Data From Barley Variety Trials - 1952
Date Seeded - 4-22
Date Emerged - 5-3
Rate - 1 bpa
Plot Size - 1/66 acre

1952 No.

Variety or Cross C.I.or N. No. Yield - Bu. per acre Test Weight Dates Height Inches Rank
1 2 3 4 Ave. First Awns Ripe
1 Titan 7055 29.6 33.0 19.2 16.5 24.6 49.0 4-28 8-2 20 13
2 Kindred 6969 34.4 35.7 32.3 23.4 31.4 46.0 5-1 8-6 23 6
3 Feebar 7260 34.4 30.2 22.0 20.6 26.8 44.5 5-1 8-7 21 10
4 Trebi 936 37.8 40.6 23.4 17.9 29.9 45.0 5-1 8-5 19 7
5 Manchuria 244 30.9 33.0 24.1 23.4 27.8 48.0 6-29 8-8 22 9
6 Tregal 6359 39.2 39.2 37.1 19.2 33.7 45.0 6-30 8-6 19 2
7 Hannchen 531 35.7 36.4 44.7 22.0 34.7 50.0 7-5 8-8 20 1
8 Moore 7251 26.8 33.0 34.4 18.6 28.2 46.0 7-4 8-10 21 8
9 Montcalm 7149 26.1 30.9 28.2 15.1 25.1 46.0 5-2 8-7 22 12
10 Vantage 7324 36.4 39.9 35.7 19.9 33.0 45.0 7-3 8-6 22 3
11 Frontier   23.4 22.7 29.6 20.6 24.1 40.0 7-6 8-6 20 14
12 Comp Cross 6725 45-15 28.9 37.8 39.9 24.7 32.8 42.0 7-5 8-5 22 4
13 Do 45-297 30.2 35.1 41.2 21.3 31.9 48.0 6-29 8-3 19 5
14   45-435 20.6 34.4 30.2 19.9 26.3 45.0 6-22 8-1 20 11

 

Table 14 - Comparative Yields - Barley Varietal Trials - 1944-1952 with averages since 1923a

Variety Yields in bushels per acre 1950 to 1952 1949 to 1952 1948 to 1952 1947 to 1952 1946 to 1952 1945 to 1952 1938 to 1952 1929 to 1952 1923 to 1952
1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952
Manchuria 33.3 40.4 20.1 38.2 52.9 3.9 32.1 34.1 27.8 31.3 24.5 30.2 31.5 29.9 31.2 29.4 24.9 25.1
Kindred   31.5 18.0 35.4b 59.7 6.5 33.2 23.1 31.4 29.2 23.6 30.8 31.6 29.6 29.9      
Montcalm     28.4 31.7 55.4 7.8 30.5 27.9 25.1 27.8 22.8 29.3 29.7 29.5        
Moore         60.1 5.3 31.0 29.8 28.2 29.7 23.6 30.9            
Trebi 40.2 36.3 25.7 47.3 63.7 6.9 37.1 34.8 29.9 33.9 27.2 34.5 36.6 35.1 35.2 34.1 27.5  
Tregal 35.8 28.8 24.7 41.2 62.2 10.7 45.8 40.3 33.7 39.9 32.6 38.5 39.0 36.9 35.9 33.5    
Hannchen (2 row) 36.1 35.6 27.4 39.2 49.8 12.0 34.8 44.7 34.7 38.1 31.6 35.2 35.9 34.7 34.8 31.6 26.0 25.7
Steigum (2 row) 37.8 39.5 29.8 37.6 55.4 10.3 35.8 36.8 ---                  
Spartan ( 2 row) 27.3 28.6 18.9 33.3 52.3 7.2 39.0 --- ---                  
Feebar       45.7 53.8 8.3 30.7 15.6 26.8 24.4 20.4 27.0 30.2          
Plains       31.7 48.4 4.4 34.6 21.5 ---                  
Vantage           10.7 36.5 39.8 33.0 36.4 30.0              
Titan           10.5 44.7 34.2 24.6 34.5 28.5              
Frontier             19.0 29.3 24.1 24.1                
Dix. 45-15                   32.8                
Dix. 45-297                   31.9                
Dix. 45-435                   26.3                
Std. error %   15.5 18.8     31.0 12.6                      
Sig. dif. bu.   8.0 6.4     4.1 7.0                      
a Yields in 1941 reduced by hail July 9, not comparable and omitted from averages. Yields not recorded in 1936, crop too poor to harvest.
b Est. ten percent loss through shattering in wind.

 

BARLEY NURSERIES:

Vantage, high yielder in 1951, was again on topin the Uniform trial with an average of 37.1 bushels per acre. Utah BC4-68, Harlan and Titan ranked second, third and fourth in the 1952 trial with respective averages of 30.5, 30.3 and 27.3 bushels per acre.

Vantage was top yielder in the station trial also this year averaging 33.2 bushels per acre followed by Rex, Dix. 45-297 and Dix. 45-15 with respective yields of 32.8, 32.1 and 29.8 bushels per acre. Dix. 45-15 from Composite Cross 6725 was also included in this years field plot trial and ranked fourth in the larger trial also, yielding 32.8 bushels per acre. Hannchen, Tregal and Vantage ranked first, second and third in the larger trial with yields of 34.7, 33.7 and 33.0 bushels per acre respectively.

This strain is to be included in the 1953 Uniform Great Plains Barley Nursery.

Data from these barley nurseries is summarized in tables 15 and 16.

Table 15 - Agronomic Data from Uniform Great Plains Barley Nursery - 1952
Date seeded - 4-17
Date emerged - 4-29
Rate - 1 bpa
Plot size - 1' x 16'


1952 Key No.

Description

C.I. No.
Yield - Bu. per acre
Test Weight
Dates
Height Inches

Rank
1 2 3 Ave. First Awns Ripe
1 Beecher 6566 16.2 19.5 15.5 17.1 41.0 6-10 7-28 17 12
2 Flynn I 5911 24.5 26.2 22.0 24.2 43.0 6-10 7-28 16 7
3 Spartan 5027 12.2 21.5 22.0 18.6 48.0 6-14 7-26 21 11
4 Munsing 6009 13.5 32.5 23.2 23.1 51.0 6-13 7-26 14 9
5 Titan 7055 30.7 25.2 26.0 27.3 45.0 6-17 7-26 16 4
6 Gem 7243 25.7 22.0 25.0 24.2 41.0 6-15 7-26 16 8
7 Flynn 37 5918 27.2 21.2 25.5 24.6 40.0 6-12 7-26 15 6
8 Harlan 7008 28.7 27.0 35.2 30.3 38.5 6-15 7-29 16 3
9 Otis 7557 14.0 12.7 17.5 14.7 48.0 6-13 7-28 14 13
10 Custer 8053 21.2 22.2 26.0 22.1 42.5 6-15 7-28 16 10
11 Utah BC4-68 8054 23.0 31.7 36.7 30.5 44.0 6-12 7-28 16 2
12 Wyo. WS 471 8055 24.5 20.7 34.0 26.4 40.5 6-19 7-26 18 5
13 Vantage 7324 33.0 40.7 37.7 37.1 45.5 6-19 7-26 21 1

 

Table 16 - Agronomic Data from Station Barley Nursery - 1952
Date seeded - 4-23
Date emerged - 4-30
Rate - 1 bpa
Plot size - 1' x 16'

Row Nos.


Description
Yield - Bu. per acre
Test Weight
Dates
Height Inches

Rank
1951 1952 1 2 3 Ave. First Awns Ripe
1 1 SD 384 20.2 25.5 27.0 24.2 40.0 7-1 8-3 22 8
2 2 Ab. 6109 20.2 11.7 21.5 17.8 42.5 6.21 8-1 19 35
3 3 Dix. 44-23 30.2 13.7 22.0 22.0 42.0 6-21 8-1 20 19
4 4 Dix. 45-15 38.7 26.2 24.5 45.5 45.5 6-28 8-4 21 4
5 5 Dix. 45-29 33.0 34.0 29.2 32.1 45.0 6-20 7-31 18 3
6 6 Dix. 45-297 34.2 20.0 16.2 23.5 46.0 6-23 7-31 21 13
7 7 Dix. 45-435 22.0 17.0 20.5 19.8 42.0 6-23 7-30 17 27
8 8 Dix. 45-452 15.2 18.7 22.5 18.8 42.0 6-23 7-30 19 32
9 9 Dix. 45-517 21.0 16.2 18.5 18.6 48.0 6-17 7-30 17 33
10 10 Dix. 45-563 21.7 18.5 21.0 20.4 40.5 6-23 8-1 18 24
11 11 Rex 35.0 32.7 30.7 32.8 50.0 6-28 8-3 24 2
12 12 Velvon 30.2 9.2 19.5 19.6 43.5 6-23 8-1 21 29
13 13 Trebi 21.7 22.0 30.0 24.6 44.5 6-23 8-1 20 7
14 14 Glacier 13.7 23.2 8.7 15.2 45.0 6-16 7-31 19 42
15 15 Kindred 22.5 25.5 21.2 23.1 46.0 6-26 8-1 25 15
16 16 Manchuria 16.5 15.2 15.0 15.6 46.0 6-25 8-2 21 41
17 17 Steigum 21.5 19.5 18.7 19.9 51.0 6-23 7-30 24 28
18 18 Spartan 28.5 17.5 17.0 21.0 49.5 6-18 8-2 21 21
19 19 Feebar 25.7 22.5 21.7 23.3 40.0 7-1 8-3 20 14
20 20 Moore 29.7 23.5 18.2 23.8 45.0 7-3 8-3 24 11
21 21 Plains 15.0 12.2 15.5 14.2 44.0 7-16 8-3 16 48
22 22 Montcalm 20.5 26.7 24.5 23.9 47.5 7-3 8-6 27 10
23 23 Titan 28.7 12.5 10.7 17.3 46.5 7-22 8-4 21 36
24 24 Munsing 10.0 12.5 21.7 14.7 51.0 7-24 8-2 15 45
25 25 Tregal 25.0 25.5 20.2 23.6 49.5 7-1 8-3 19 12
26 26 Hannchen 20.5 17.0 23.5 20.3 49.5 6-29 8-3 22 26
27 27 Vantage 38.5 30.0 31.2 33.2 45.0 6-29 8-3 21 1
28 28 Frontier 17.7 24.2 19.5 20.5 40.0 7-4 8-3 20 23
29 29 Otis 19.0 20.5 21.7 20.4 51.0 7-17 8-1 19 25
30 30 Utah BC4-68 18.5 20.2 19.0 19.2 45.0 7-22 8-2 17 30
31 31 OAC (Peatland-Newal) 43-856-49 28.0 22.7 21.7 24.1 46.0 7-3 8-3 26 9
32 32 Do 43-856-5 22.0 24.5 16.2 20.9 46.0 7-4 8-3 23 22
33 33 Kindred x Titan T-55-3-5 18.7 24.7 36.2 26.5 50.0 7-1 8-2 24 5
34 34 Do T-55-3-7 25.5 28.5 20.0 24.7 47.5 7-1 8-5 20 6
36 35 Do T-127-3-2 17.5 9.7 16.2 14.5 46.5 6-30 8-6 19 47
37 36 Do T-127-3-3 17.0 20.2 18.5 18.6 49.0 6-30 8-5 21 34
38 37 Do T-127-3-4 13.7 19.2 31.2 21.4 49.5 6-30 8-3 22 20
New 38 Do T-127-3-7 15.0 20.0 7.5 14.2 50.0 6-29 8-2 21 49
49 39 Do T-126-1-3 18.5 17.5 32.5 22.8 49.5 6-22 8-3 20 16
41 40 Do T-126-2-2 12.5 19.5 24.7 18.9 49.0 6-21 8-3 22 31
42 41 Do T-136-2-5 19.7 23.7 23.0 22.1 49.0 6-21 8-3 19 18
43 42 Do T-136-4-5 16.7 11.2 16.7 14.9 48.0 6-21 8-3 21 43
44 43 Do T-136-5-4 21.7 25.7 20.7 22.7 48.0 6-21 8-3 22 17
45 44 Do T-136-5-5 19.0 11.5 13.5 14.7 46.5 6-21 8-3 20 46
New 45 Do T-28-2-5 21.2 14.2 15.0 16.8 44.5 6-17 7-31 18 37
New 46 Do T-28-2-8 10.0 20.0 20.0 16.7 43.5 6-18 7-31 20 38
New 47 Do T-28-2-9 18.7 14.5 16.0 16.4 45.0 6-18 7-31 16 40
New 48 Do T-28-3-5 14.2 16.7 19.5 16.8 46.0 6-18 7-31 17 39
New 49 Do T-72-6-2 18.2 19.2 17.0 14.8 44.0 6-19 8-1 14 44
New 50

Do T-72-6-4

13.0 15.0 14.7 14.2 44.0 6-19 8-1 17 50

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