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SPRING WHEAT ADVANCED STATION

Advanced Station Nursery: Twenty varieties or strains - triplicate three row plots

This nursery is made up of promising strains of wheat produced at the Dickinson Experiment Station, and from which are selected candidates for advanced state and regional nurseries. Quality trials are made on sixteen of the most promising strains each year by the Department of Cereal Technology, State College Station, Fargo North Dakota.

Yields in this trial were quite comparable to yields from nursery trials already reported. Mida, included in this trial as check variety, averaged 14.9 bushels per acre which was exceeded by eight of the eighteen Dickinson selections. Highest yield in this trial was 16.9 bushels per acre from Ds. 224 , a selection from the cross Regent x Mida2, made by Mr. Ralph W. Smith, former agronomist at this station.

Unfortunately many of the older strains included in the Station nurseries lack resistance to leaf rust which practically rules out the possibility of their ever finding widespread use as commercial varieties. The high yielding capacity of many of these strains makes them extremely useful in the wheat breeding programs, however, and since 1948 one main objective of the breeding work here has been to improve the rust resistance, meanwhile maintaining or improving, if possible, the yielding capacities which have already been obtained. Although it is too early to predict results, progress has been made on these lines.

Milling, Baking and Analytical data from this trial has been completed by the Department of Cereal Technology, State College Station, Fargo, North Dakota for the 1952 crop. Their data indicates that several of the entries are good from the milling and baking standpoint, exceeding both Mida and Thatcher checks in some of the important determinations. Several of these entries have a strong mixogram type, a good loaf volume and a good flour yield in comparison with Mida and Thatcher checks.

Data from field trials are presented in table 39.

Milling, Baking and Analytical data on selections from this nursery are summarized in table 40.

Table 39 - Agronomic Data From Advanced Nursery - 1952
Date seeded - 4-18
Date emerged - 4-29
Rate - 1 bpa
Plot size - 3' x 16'

Row Nos.     Yield - Bu. per acre
Test Weight
Dates
Height Inches

% Leaf Rust

%Stem Rust

Straw Strength

% Shattering

Rank
1951 1952 Description DS No. 1 2 3 Ave. 1st Head Ripe
Elim 80 101 Regent x Mida2 218 11.4 16.8 15.2 14.5 59.0 6-19 7-28 24 40 T VG 25 11
81 102 Do 221 10.2 20.0 15.0 15.1 59.0 6-22 8-2 24 15 T G 0 7
82 103   224 11.6 20.6 18.6 16.9 60.0 6-23 8-2 23 25 M G 0 1
83 104 1556 x 12040 227 11.0 15.2 16.0 14.1 60.0 6-17 7-28 21 75 S G 0 14
84 105 1556 x Mida 230 11.0 15.4 15.4 13.9 61.0 6-17 7-28 21 50 S G 0 16
88 106 1556 x Thatcher 250 12.2 13.6 17.6 14.5 59.5 6-15 7-28 19 25 S G 10 12
90 107 1563 x Regent 262 11.2 13.6 18.0 14.3 60.0 6-15 7-28 20 25 M F 5 13
87 108 1556 x Cadet 249 13.8 13.6 20.6 16.0 60.0 6-16 7-31 19 10-50* M G 5 3
Sta 201 109 Regent - Mida x 1552 - Mida 102 13.0 14.4 21.4 16.3 60.0 6-17 7-31 21 50 S G 10 2
--- 110 Mida (check)   12.0 12.4 20.2 14.9 62.0 6-16 7-28 22 75 M G 10 8
255 111 1556 x Cadet 103 11.0 10.0 18.0 13.0 58.5 6-15 7-31 20 75 S G 20 19
279 112 1890 - Mida x Regent - Mida 104 10.6 7.4 15.6 11.2 62.0 6-14 7-28 21 80 S G 0 20
282 113 1844 x Mida 110 11.6 13.0 17.0 13.9 62.5 6-15 7-28 21 30 S G 0 17
288 114 Do 115 14.6 13.0 16.6 14.7 60.0 6-15 7-28 24 60 S F 5 9
319 115 1740 - Mida x 1753 117 14.6 13.6 17.2 15.1 61.0 6-15 8-1 19 50 S G 10 6
203 116 Regent - Mida x 1552 - Mida 43.29A1-8-1-5 13.8 15.4 17.8 15.7 60.5 6-17 7-28 21 35 S F 0 4
224 117 1556 x Cadet 43.27A2-27-3-3 13.0 12.0 17.2 14.1 60.0 6-16 7-28 23 50 S G 0 15
231 118 1556 x R.L. 1333 42.6A1-33-5-4 15.6 12.8 17.2 15.2 60.5 6-14 7-28 19 25 S F 0 5
234 119 1563 x Regent 42.25A1-10-1-5 12.8 14.0 17.2 14.7 60.0 6-14 7-28 19 40 M G 0 10
--- 120 Thatcher (check)   14.8 12.2 13.6 13.5 60.0 6-14 7-30 19 80 S G 0 18

 

Table 40 - Milling, Baking (Micro methods) and Analytical Data From Advanced Station Nursery - 1952
                Malt - Phosphate - Bromate  
          Flour Yield 3 Hr. Fermentation  
1952 Lab No.
Key

Variety

Wheat Protein

Test Weight

Long Patent

Low Grade

Total

Absorp-tion

Loaf Volume

Crumb Color1

Mixogram Type
      % lbs/bu % % % % cc    
105 101 Regent x Mida2 15.3 57.9 68.4 5.5 73.9 58.0 215 7.0 Medium Weak
106 102 Regent x Mida2 15.1 58.6 64.4 3.9 68.3 59.2 205 8.0 Weak
107 103 Regent x Mida2 15.1 59.1 68.2 4.1 72.3 58.0 220 (G.B.) 7.5 Medium Weak
108 104 1556 x 12040 15.3 59.3 66.6 4.8 71.4 58.0 220 7.0 Medium Weak
109 106 1556 x Thatcher 15.0 59.7 65.7 5.7 71.4 59.2 250 (G.B) 8.0 Strong
110 108 1556 x Cadet 15.1 60.2 68.1 5.2 73.3 58.0 250 (G.B.) 8.0 Strong
111 110 Mida 15.5 60.6 67.0 4.2 71.2 59.2 245 (G.B.) 8.5 Medium Weak
112 114 1844 x Mida 14.6 59.3 67.6 4.9 72.5 59.6 245 (G.B.) 8.0 Strong
113 115 1740 - Mida x 1753 14.4 61.1 67.5 4.2 71.7 60.8 200 7.5 Medium
114 116 Regent - Mida x 1552 - Mida 14.7 59.5 67.5 3.5 71.0 60.0 215 (G.B.) 8.0 Medium Weak
115 117 1556 x Cadet 15.3 59.3 66.8 4.2 71.0 62.0 240 (G.B.) 8.0 Weak
116 118 1556 x RL 1333 14.9 60.2 67.6 3.2 70.8 62.0 225 7.5 Medium Weak
117 119 1563 x Regent 14.3 60.2 70.0 4.2 74.2 60.0 240 7.5 Strong
118 120 Thatcher 15.4 60.6 67.4 4.5 71.9 62.0 240 (G.B.) 8.0 Strong

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