Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue
Dickinson, ND 58601
Value Captured from Grassland and
Forages Boosts Beef Production Profit Margins
L. Manske PhD, Range Scientist
Amy M. Kraus, Composition Assistant
Thomas C. Jirik, Agriculture Communication Editor
North Dakota State University
Dickinson Research Extension Center
Increasing the value captured from grassland pastures and harvested forages is the key to improving profit margins for the beef production industry, says a North Dakota State University range scientist.
"Some production costs
for the beef industry in the Northern Plains are unnecessarily high because
livestock producers tend to rely on traditional pasture-forage management practices
that inefficiently capture the nutrients produced on a land base," notes
Lee Manske, a range scientist at NDSU's Dickinson Research
Extension Center. "These practices result in higher costs for the nutrients ingested by the animals, increased annual production costs per animal, and low profit margins. Just as the value added to a commodity at each stage of production provides economic benefit, increasing the value captured from the land base reduces
costs and strengthens profit margins."
Livestock production enterprises
such as backgrounding, retained ownership, regional feedlots, and regional packing
plants add value to beef commodities and should improve the economic status
of the entrepreneur and the region. Historically, raw commodities like wheat
and weaned calves have been shipped from the Northern
Plains to other regions, which gained the economic benefit of the market value added to the commodities at the successive stages of production. The value added to raw commodities from the Northern Plains built much of Minneapolis and Chicago, Manske says.
Similarly, agricultural producers and the Northern Plains region can gain economic benefit by adding value to regionally produced raw commodities through the development and operation of enterprises that continue the progression of production stages. Beef producers and the region can also benefit economically from an increase in the value captured from the land resource, Manske observes.
Value captured is the market value of a resource's potential that would otherwise be lost, but instead is developed and converted into a saleable commodity. The improved efficiency of biologically effective pasture-forage management strategies results in increased value captured from resources on a land base, Manske states. Traditional pasture-forage management practices make the conversion inefficiently. The quantity of forage nutrients produced but lost because they are not converted into a saleable commodity raises livestock production costs.
Implementing of biologically
effective pasture-forage management strategies increases the quantity of forage
nutrients produced and improves the efficiency of forage nutrient capture and
conversion of forage nutrients into saleable commodities, Manske explains. An
increased quantity of forage nutrients produced and
captured as a commodity reduces livestock production costs and improves profit margins.
strategies that increase value captured place the biological requirements of
the plants and the ecosystem processes as the highest priority," Manske
says. "Those systems coordinate grazing and harvest periods with plant
growth stages. Consequently, grazing and harvest periods are timed to remove
greater amounts of nutrients rather than greater amounts of dry matter and provide
adequate nutrients throughout the cows'
12-month production cycle. The most successful systems combine pasture and forage types in a 12-month sequence so that the herbage production and nutritional quality curves are coordinated with the 12-month dietary quantity and quality requirement curves of cow production periods," Manske states.
Beef production is the
last meat industry to increase the efficiency of feed management systems, Manske
notes. He emphasizes that the future profitability of the beef industry depends
on its ability to reduce production costs by implementing improved, efficient
12-month pasture-forage management strategies that increase the value captured
from the land base.
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