2006 Beef Research Report

Introduction to Livestock Research and Education
North Dakota State University and the Carrington Research Extension Center are proud to present this feedlot research report for 2006. The collaborative efforts from multiple Departments and Centers at NDSU represented in this publication support current and future livestock production in North Dakota. The authors hope this information is useful and appreciate interaction with livestock stakeholders.

Beef Feedlot Research
NDSU has increased its feedlot research program through collaborative efforts of an informal research team including scientists and extension faculty from the Animal and Range Science Department and the Carrington Research Extension Center. Many other experiment station and extension faculty contribute to the feedlot research and outreach program as well. The feedlot enterprise has been proven to be economically competitive in North Dakota when management and economies of scale are optimized. The focus areas for feedlot research are nutrition with North Dakota feedstuffs, feedlot management, the environment, waste management, genetics of North Dakota cattle, and economics. Feedlot research and outreach is conducted for the benefit of all cattle feeders. We appreciate the financial support of several commodity groups, and state and federal grant programs as listed in the acknowledgments.

Beef Cow/Calf Research
The beef cow/calf studies focus on defining the appropriate and optimum uses of the vast feed resources available in North Dakota. Many of these feeds are uniquely useful to beef cows, having low protein and energy levels but enough nutritional value to support productive beef herds with minimal supplementation. Nutritional research with cow herd explores utilization of crop residues, deliberate forage production, new feeds and forages, and the growing supply of processing by-product or co-product feeds. The research herd is used to investigate and demonstrate the synergies of enterprise integration, in this case field crops and ruminant livestock. Integration of cows and crops has proven to be a more biologically and economically sustainable approach to farming. Cows can lower the financial risks associated with crops-only farming.

Livestock Nutrient Management
Livestock manure is a more visible and sensitive topic in areas where animals are fed, however, this resource can provide significant advantages when employed in cropping systems. Crop production benefits in several ways from using livestock manure as fertilizer. Composting manure and determining nutrient value of manure are current program focal points.

Feedlot Cow/Calf
Effect of Corn Density on Growing Steer Intake and Performance The Effect of Pelleting Creep Feed with Field Pea Grain on Nursing Calf Performance
Effect of Field Peas, Chickpeas and Lentils on Rumen Fermentation, Digestion and Microbial Protein Synthesis in Receiving Diets for Beef Cattle Artificial Insemination and Synchronization Program Used at the
Carrington Research Extension Center
Profitable Calf Backgrounding Integrating Annual Forage Crops  
Effect of Corn Density on Finishing-steer Intake, Performance,
and Carcass Characteristics
Effect of Field Pea Level in Feedlot Finishing Diets on Animal Performance, Carcass Traits, Tenderness, and Taste Panel Response  
Performance and Carcass Quality of Finishing Beef with Natural Feeding Practices  
Feedlot Performance and Carcass Traits of Steers Fed “Rawson” Two-Rowed Barley vs. Six-Rowed Barley and Corn  
 Effects of Bedding Feedlot Cattle During the Winter on Performance, Carcass Quality, and Nutrients in Manure  
Discovering Value in North Dakota Calves; The Dakota Feeder
Calf Show Feedout Project V
Economics and Production Factors Associated with Backgrounding Beef Calves in East-Central North Dakota
The Feeding Value of Field Peas  
Beef Feedlot Manure Composting Demonstration Project  
Where Do North Dakota Feeder Calves Go Once They Have Been Marketed?  
Survey of Cattle Backgrounding and Finishing Feedlots in North Dakota  


NDSU Vice President,
Dean and Director for Agricultural Affairs
NDSU Extension Service ND Agricultural
Experiment Station
NDSU College of Agriculture NDSU College of Human Development and Education