Seasonal Incidence and Antibiotic Susceptibility patterns of Pasteurellaceae isolated from American bison (Bison bison)

 

N.W. Dyer, A.C.S. Ward, G.C. Weiser and D.G. White

 

Abstract

 

From The Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, 2001; 65:7-14

 

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inety pharyngeal tonsils were collected from 2-year-old American bison (Bison bison) bulls and sampled for members of the Pasteurellaceae family.  Particular attention was paid to seasonal incidence and antimicrobial resistance in serotypes and biovariants.  Multiple strains of Pasteurella haemolytica (39%), P. trehalosi (68%), P. multocida (34%) and Haemophilus somnus (13%) were cultured from 87 out of the 90 (96%) tonsil samples.  Pasteurella trehalosi was the most common and evenly distributed of the organisms recovered.  Pasteurella haemolytica was found in fewer numbers than P. trehalosi, but showed an increase in number of isolates recovered with each sampling period.  Pasteurella multocida, both A and D capsular types, was recovered from all sampling periods.  No serotype pattern was observed in any of the animal groups sampled.  One hundred twenty-seven of 147 (86%) of the isolates were resistant to at least one antibiotic, 94/147 (65%) to at least two different antibiotics, and 16/147 (11%) to at least three antibiotics. The most common resistance pattern observed was to neomycin and spectinomycin (73/147) (49%).

 

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