A project will be conducted this fall on the usefulness of field
peas in receiving diets for beef steers. Rapidly expanding acres of
field peas justifies the use of peas in special beef rations. The
digestible fiber, high protein value and palatability suggest peas
may be very useful in diets of weaned calves either as the sole grain
source or in combination with other grains.
Expeller crambe meal from AgGrow Oils will be compared with other
oilseed meals in diets for growing and finishing steers. A companion
study will be conducted at the Animal and Range Sciences Dept.
comparing incrementally increasing levels of crambe meal in feedlot
A palatability trial with crambe meal will be conducted to
evaluate impact of amount and flavoring agents on preference for
feeds and supplements. Crambe meal will be mixed with no flavor,
"Flav-0-roma", and fenugreek as the flavoring agents. Creep fed
calves, growing heifer calves, and gestating cows will be used in the
Fall born calves weaned in May will be fed to slaughter weight
using two management system. One group of producer consigned calves
will be placed directly in the feedlot and out during the summer. A
second group will be grazed throughout the summer and placed on a
finishing ration in September. Animal performance, carcass traits,
and economics are the major variables of interest.
Beef Cow Calf
Field peas will replace part or all of more conventional creep
feeds during a two year study initiated during the summer of
Swath grazing, a concept of windrowing late planted, second cut,
or volunteer forages late in the fall, will be tested as a method of
extending the grazing season. This method of late fall, early winter
cow feeding would be more cost effective and easier than baling,
hauling, and feeding hay under pen conditions and removing the manure
the following year. This trial is part of a cropland pasture study
being initiated to evaluate short term deliberate forage production
for grazing on cropland.
A multi-year project will continue to evaluate methods of using
co-product feeds for supporting beef cows and their calves under
intensive management system. To date, wheat straw and wheat midds
have been used successfully to support lactating beef
Bison Research and Industry Development Activities
An on farm feedlot study will be conducted over the next two years
to evaluate amount of forage vs grain used in feeding bison for meat.
The study will evaluate animal performance, carcass traits, and
economics for incremental increases in forage intake and
corresponding decreases in grain intake in bison fed for
The bison nutrition research facility at the Carrington Research
Extension Center will be developed as resources allow. Legislative
appropriation has provide funds to start construction of bison
feeding pens and handling facilities. A separate animal waste/runoff
project will be incorporated into this facility.
A bison library is being established at the Carrington Research
Extension Center library containing as many books and scientific
papers on bison production as can be procured. This material will be
available to any interested persons.