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References of flax in the Bible:

  • The sackcloth that Jacob wore when he mourned his son (Genesis 37:34) may have been made of tow.
  • The curtains of the tabernacle were made of fine twined linen. (Exodus 26:1)
  • The body of Jesus was wrapped in fine linen (Mark 15:46)
  • The flax and barley were destroyed, since the barley had headed and the flax was in bloom. (Exodus 9:31)
  • But she had taken them up to the roof and hidden them under the stalks of flax she had laid out on the roof. (Josh 2:6)
  • As he approached Lehi, the Philistines came toward him shouting. The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power. The ropes on his arms became like charred flax, and the bindings dropped from his hands. (Judg 15:14)
  • She selects wool and flax and works with eager hands. (Prov 31:13)
  • Those who work with combed flax will despair, the weavers of fine linen will lose hope. (Isa 19:9)
  • Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and put it on Joseph's finger. He dressed him in robes of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck. (Gen 41:42)
  • blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen (Exo 25:4)
  • Make a curtain of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen, with cherubim worked into it by a skilled craftsman. (Exo 26:31)
  • The courtyard shall be a hundred cubits long and fifty cubits wide, with curtains of finely twisted linen five cubits high, and with bronze bases. (Exo 27:18)
  • Have them use gold, and blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and fine linen.(Exo 28:5)
  • Fashion a breastpiece for making decisions--the work of a skilled craftsman. Make it like the ephod: of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen. (Exo 28:15)
  • Weave the tunic of fine linen and make the turban of fine linen. The sash is to be the work of an embroiderer. (Exo 28:39)
  • Make linen undergarments as a covering for the body, reaching from the waist to the thigh. (Exo 28:42)
  • Every skilled woman spun with her hands and brought what she had spun--blue, purple or scarlet yarn or fine linen. (Exo 35:25)
  • All the curtains around the courtyard were of finely twisted linen. (Exo 38:16)
  • The curtain for the entrance to the courtyard was of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen--the work of an embroiderer. It was twenty cubits long and, like the curtains of the courtyard, five cubits high (Exo 38:18)
  • Its skillfully woven waistband was like it--of one piece with the ephod and made with gold, and with blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and with finely twisted linen, as the LORD commanded Moses. (Exo 39:5)
  • They made pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen around the hem of the robe. (Exo 39:24)
  • For Aaron and his sons, they made tunics of fine linen--the work of a weaver-- (Exo 39:27)
  • and the turban of fine linen, the linen headbands and the undergarments of finely twisted linen. (Exo 39:28)
  • The priest shall then put on his linen clothes, with linen undergarments next to his body, and shall remove the ashes of the burnt offering that the fire has consumed on the altar and place them beside the altar. (Lev 6:10)
  • He must burn up the clothing, or the woven or knitted material of wool or linen, or any leather article that has the contamination in it, because the mildew is destructive; the article must be burned up. (Lev 13:52)
  • He is to put on the sacred linen tunic, with linen undergarments next to his body; he is to tie the linen sash around him and put on the linen turban. These are sacred garments; so he must bathe himself with water before he puts them on. (Lev 16:4)
  • Then Aaron is to go into the Tent of Meeting and take off the linen garments he put on before he entered the Most Holy Place, and he is to leave them there. (Lev 16:23)
  • The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high priest is to make atonement. He is to put on the sacred linen garments (Lev 16:32)
  • Do not wear clothes of wool and linen woven together. (Deu 22:11)
  • "Let me tell you a riddle," Samson said to them. "If you can give me the answer within the seven days of the feast, I will give you thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes. (Judg 14:12) If you can't tell me the answer, you must give me thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes." "Tell us your riddle," they said. "Let's hear it." (Judg 14:13)
  • But Samuel was ministering before the LORD--a boy wearing a linen ephod. (1 Sam 2:18)
  • The king then ordered Doeg, "You turn and strike down the priests." So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck them down. That day he killed eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod. (1 Sam 22:18)
  • David, wearing a linen ephod, danced before the LORD with all his might,(2 Sam 6:14)
  • The sons of Shelah son of Judah: Er the father of Lecah, Laadah the father of Mareshah and the clans of the linen workers at Beth Ashbea, (1 Chr 4:21)
  • Now David was clothed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and as were the singers, and Kenaniah, who was in charge of the singing of the choirs. David also wore a linen ephod. (1 Chr 15:27)
  • whose mother was from Dan and whose father was from Tyre. He is trained to work in gold and silver, bronze and iron, stone and wood, and with purple and blue and crimson yarn and fine linen. He is experienced in all kinds of engraving and can execute any design given to him. He will work with your craftsmen and with those of my lord, David your father. (2 Chr 2:14)
  • He made the curtain of blue, purple and crimson yarn and fine linen, with cherubim worked into it. (2 Chr 3:14)
  • All the Levites who were musicians--Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun and their sons and relatives--stood on the east side of the altar, dressed in fine linen and playing cymbals, harps and lyres. They were accompanied by 120 priests sounding trumpets. (2 Chr 5:12)
  • The garden had hangings of white and blue linen, fastened with cords of white linen and purple material to silver rings on marble pillars. There were couches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and other costly stones. (Est 1:6)
  • Mordecai left the king's presence wearing royal garments of blue and white, a large crown of gold and a purple robe of fine linen. And the city of Susa held a joyous celebration. (Est 8:15)
  • She makes coverings for her bed; she is clothed in fine linen and purple. (Prov 31:22)
  • and mirrors, and the linen garments and tiaras and shawls. (Isa 3:23)
  • Those who work with combed flax will despair, the weavers of fine linen will lose hope. (Isa 19:9)
  • This is what the LORD said to me: "Go and buy a linen belt and put it around your waist, but do not let it touch water." (Jer 13:1)
  • And I saw six men coming from the direction of the upper gate, which faces north, each with a deadly weapon in his hand. With them was a man clothed in linen who had a writing kit at his side. They came in and stood beside the bronze altar. (Ezek 9:2) Now the glory of the God of Israel went up from above the cherubim, where it had been, and moved to the threshold of the temple. Then the LORD called to the man clothed in linen who had the writing kit at his side (Ezek 9:3)
  • Then the man in linen with the writing kit at his side brought back word, saying, "I have done as you commanded." (Ezek 9:11)
  • I clothed you with an embroidered dress and put leather sandals on you. I dressed you in fine linen and covered you with costly garments. (Ezek 16:10)
  • So you were adorned with gold and silver; your clothes were of fine linen and costly fabric and embroidered cloth. Your food was fine flour, honey and olive oil. You became very beautiful and rose to be a queen. (Ezek 16:13)
  • Fine embroidered linen from Egypt was your sail and served as your banner; your awnings were of blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah. (Ezek 27:7)
  • Aram did business with you because of your many products; they exchanged turquoise, purple fabric, embroidered work, fine linen, coral and rubies for your merchandise. (Ezek 27:16)
  • He took me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze; he was standing in the gateway with a linen cord and a measuring rod in his hand.(Ezek 40:3)
  • When they enter the gates of the inner court, they are to wear linen clothes; they must not wear any woolen garment while ministering at the gates of the inner court or inside the temple. (Ezek 44:17) They are to wear linen turbans on their heads and linen undergarments around their waists. They must not wear anything that makes them perspire. (Ezek 44:18)
  • The man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, lifted his right hand and his left hand toward heaven, and I heard him swear by him who lives forever, saying, "It will be for a time, times and half a time. When the power of the holy people has been finally broken, all these things will be completed." (Dan 12:7)
  • Their mother has been unfaithful and has conceived them in disgrace. She said, 'I will go after my lovers, who give me my food and my water, my wool and my linen, my oil and my drink.' (Hosea 2:5)
  • Therefore I will take away my grain when it ripens, and my new wine when it is ready. I will take back my wool and my linen, intended to cover her nakedness. (Hosea 2:9)
  • Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth (Mat 27:59)
  • A young man, wearing nothing but a linen garment, was following Jesus.(Mark 14:51)
  • So Joseph bought some linen cloth, took down the body, wrapped it in the linen, and placed it in a tomb cut out of rock. Then he rolled a stone against the entrance of the tomb. (Mark 15:46)
  • There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and lived in luxury every day. (Luke 16:19)
  • The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, "Take off the grave clothes and let him go." (John 11:44)
  • Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. (John 19:40)
  • He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in. (John 20:5)
  • Then Simon Peter, who was behind him, arrived and went into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there, (John 20:6) as well as the burial cloth that had been around Jesus' head. The cloth was folded up by itself, separate from the linen. (John 20:7)
  • Out of the temple came the seven angels with the seven plagues. They were dressed in clean, shining linen and wore golden sashes around their chests. (Rev 15:6)
  • and cry out: "'Woe! Woe, O great city, dressed in fine linen, purple and scarlet, and glittering with gold, precious stones and pearls! (Rev 18:16)
  • Fine linen, bright and clean, was given her to wear." (Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of the saints.) (Rev 19:8)
  • The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean. (Rev 19:14)

Kathie Richardson
NDSU Library
Fargo, ND 58105

Last updated: 09.05.2007

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The NDSU Library Agriculture Network Information Center Flax Institute of the United States

Flax Institute of the United States