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FLAX Production

Introduction

Flax Production in North Dakota An extension publication featuring an overview of the history and uses of flax, plant growth and development, flax production, weed control, insect pests, diseases and harvesing. Produced by NDSU Extension.

Varieties

Variety selection quide Guide to recommended varieties of flax. Includes recommended varieties for oil yield, oil quality, diseases resistance. From 2004 North Dakota Barley, Oat, Rye and Flax Variety Selection Guide, produced by NDSU Extension, NDSU Dept. of Plant Sciences, and USDA.
2004 North Dakota variety trials Results from all varieties tested at Northe Dakota Research/Extension centers. Provided by the North Dakota Experiment Station.
North Dakota variety trial archive.
Varieites: Flax Guide to recommended varieties of flax for Canada. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.

Soil

Fertilizing flax Extension publication outlining recommendations, summaries of research, and application information for nitrogen, phosphate, zinc, potassium and other nutrients. Produced by NDSU Extension, and NDSU Dept. of Soil Science.

Crop rotation Summary of soil/crop interactions on flax rotations and soil types for flax. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.
Crop rotations for increased productivity Results of research on various crop rotations systems for North Dakota crops including flax. Discusses effects on yield, disease and pest control, soil health, economic considerations, selecting rotations, selected rotation systems, and a bibliography for further information.

Crop management

Seeding

Seeding rate A extension publication
Planting information
Summary recommendations for seeding date, rate, seed treatment and other recommendations. From NDSU ProCrop.
Planting responses Tables representing seeding rate and environment and the effect on lodging; also includes summary results from seeding date studies from Minot ND.
Seeds and seeding practices Summary information on seed selection, seed treatment, seedbed preparation, seeding rates, seeding date, irrigation and preferred soil types. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.


Fertilizers

Fertilizing flax Extension publication outlining recommendations, summaries of research, and application information for nitrogen, phosphate, zinc, potassium and other nutrients.Produced by NDSU Extension, and NDSU Dept. of Soil Science.
Fertilizer practices Methods of application, recommended fertilizers and rates, and common fertilizers. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.
Fertilizer recommendations Brief summary of recommendations. From NDSU ProCrop.
Zinc deficiency Brief summary of recommendations. From NDSU ProCrop.
Diagnostic guide Tables of flax production problems caused by disease, weeds, environmental distress, agrochemical applications and insect pests, with recommended solutions. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.
Response to nitrogen and seeding rates Results of a field trial evaluating flax response to nitrogen levels and seeding rates. Published by NDSU Extension and NorthDakota Experiment Station.
Articles from Better Crops with Plant Food Pre-formulated search for flax in the archive of the Potash and Phosphate Institute's quarterly publication.

Harvesting

Harvesting

Harvesting: Flax Summary of harvesting methods, drying, straw management, seed storage. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.

Equivalent weight of grains and oilseeds Table of standard weights of grain and oilseeds (e.g. the amount of grain that would fill a bushel container (1.244 cubic feet) when the grain is at the U.S. standard moisture content.) Provided by the NDSU Extension Service.
Effect of Desiccant Application on Estimated Browning of Stems
Effect of Swathing and Desiccation Date on Germination
Flax Harvest and Storage
Relationship Between Boll Moisture and Seed Moisture
Cleaning and storing the seed
Drying

Diseases and pests

Disease

Diseases: Flax Photos and summaries of major and minor flax diseases. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.
Environmental disorders: Flax Summary of soil and environmental conditions causing disease in flax. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.
Frosts Summary information of injurious effects of frostfrom North Dakota ProCrop.
Diagnostic guide Tables of flax production problems caused by disease, weeds, environmental distress, agrochemical applications and insect pests, with recommended solutions. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.


NDSU ProCrop flax disease summaries:

Aster Yellows
Pasmo
Rust
Wilt
Heat Canker
Seedling Disease
Summary of Disease Control

Seed treatment Table of current fungicides for use on flax seeds with recommended application rates and methods. From the Field Crop Fungicide Guide produced by NDSU Extension.

Insect pests

Flax Insects Extension publication summarizing flax insect pests and current recommendations for control. From the North Dakota Field Crop Insect Management Guide; produced by NDSU Extension, and NDSU Dept. of Entomology
Field Insects: Flax. Major and minor insects of flax with descriptions and photos. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.
Diagnostic guide Tables of flax production problems caused by disease, weeds, environmental distress, agrochemical applications and insect pests, with recommended solutions. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.

Grasshopper Biology and Management Extensive description of biology, life stages, Northern Plains species. Control method recommendations do not include flax. Provided by NDSU Extension.
The Armyworm and the Army Cutworm Discription of biology, life states, Northern Plains species, and control methods. Provided by NDSU Extension

Weeds

North Dakota Weed Control Guide Current weed control methods for flax, as well as sunflower, safflower, canola, rapeseed and crambe. Produced by NDSU Extension.
North Dakota Noxious and Troublesome Weeds Descriptions and photos of North Dakota troublesome weeds.
Weed control Cultural and chemical control methods. Recommended herbicides for the Prairie Provinces. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.
Diagnostic guide Tables of flax production problems caused by disease, weeds, environmental distress, agrochemical applications and insect pests, with recommended solutions. Provided by Flax Council of Canada.

Perennial and Biennial Thistle Control
Thistles of North Dakota Biological description, history and photos of native and invasive thistles of North Dakota.

Production statistics

U.S. and state and Canadian production statistics.

Kathie Richardson
NDSU Library
Fargo, ND 58105
701-231-8879

Last updated: 03/29/2006

© 2006 NDSU All rights reserved.

North Dakota State University The NDSU Library Agriculture Network Information Center Flax Institute of the United States