Agriculture Communication


| Share

Write the Right Word: Plurals

Are you confused whether to add an “s” or an “es” to make a word plural?

Here are some tips:

  • Most words – Add “s.” For example: boys, ships, villages
  • Words ending in ch, s, sh, ss, x and z – Add “es.” For example: churches, lenses, glasses, boxes
  • Words ending in is – Change “is” to “es.” For example: oasis/oases, thesis/theses
  • Words ending in y – Change “y” to “i” and add “es.” For example: army/armies, city/cities
  • Words ending in o – Most require “es.” For example: buffaloes, potatoes, echoes, heroes One exception: pianos
  • Words ending in f – In general, change “f” to “v” and add “es.” For example: hoof/hooves, leaf/leaves, self/selves. An exception: roof/roofs
  • Proper names ending in es, s or z – Add “es.” For example: Charleses, Joneses, Gonzalezes
  • Proper names ending in y – Generally, add “s.” For example: Duffys. Exceptions: Allegheny Mountains/Alleghenies, Rocky Mountains/Rockies
  • Figures – Add “s” and do not use an apostrophe after the figure. For example: 747s, size 7s, temperatures in the low 20s
  • Single letters – Add “’s.” For example: mind your p’s and q’s, the three R’s
  • Multiple letters – Add “s” but not an apostrophe after the letters. For example: ABCs, IOUs

, Information Specialist, 701-231-5391

Filed under: Written Communication
Creative Commons License
Feel free to use and share this content, but please do so under the conditions of our Creative Commons license and our Rules for Use. Thanks.