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N.D. Tree Handbook



The North Dakota Tree Handbook
is an officially sanctioned
Centennial Trees Program project

Edited by

Dr. Dale E. Herman, Professor, Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University
Craig M. Stange, Forester, USDA - NRCS
Vernon C. Quam, Horticulture and Forestry Specialist, NDSU Extension Service

Technical Consultant

Russell J. Haas, Plant Materials Specialist, USDA - NRCS

Project Coordinators

P. Blake Vander Vorst, Executive Secretary, North Dakota State, Soil Conservation Committee
Duane Hauck, District Director, NDSU Extension Service

This publication is a result of a joint effort of the North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee, the USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service, the NDSU Extension Service and the Western Area Power Administration.

All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without written permission from the North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee.


Acknowledgements

No publication of this magnitude is possible without the assistance of many people. The authors wish to give credit to these individuals for their contributions:

Agencies or individuals providing photographs:

Gene Alexander, Natural Resources Conservation Service - Washington D.C.
Melvin Askew, Pembina County Soil Conservation District
Earl Behrens, North Dakota State University Extension Service
Lynn Betts, Natural Resources Conservation Service - Iowa
Harold Caldwell, North Dakota State University Extension Service
Craig Foss, Idaho Department of Lands
Griggs County Soil Conservation District
Russell Haas, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Robert Harsel, North Dakota Forest Service
Dr. Dale E. Herman, North Dakota State University
Roy Laframboise, North Dakota Forest Service
Susan Leake, Consulting Forester
Michael Knudson, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Greg Morgenson, Lincoln-Oakes Nursery
Ron Nichols, Natural Resources Conservation Service - Washington, D.C.
North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee
Harold Pellett, University of Minnesota, Minnesota Landscape Arboretum
Vernon Quam, North Dakota State University Extension Service
Bill Schroeder, Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration - Canada
LeRoy Sethre, Richland Soil Conservation District
John Staley, City Forester - Grand Forks
Craig Stange, Natural Resources Conservation Service
State Office, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Dwight Tober, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Elmer Umland (deceased), Soil Conservation Service
Bruce Wight, MNTC, Natural Resources Conservation Service - Nebraska
Buck Worthington, (deceased), Soil Conservation Service


People providing organizational and technical support:

Quentin Carlson, Ward Soil Conservation District
Dr. Richard Cunningham, Agricultural Research Service
Arlene Deutscher, Natural Resources Conservation Service
David Dewald, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Craig Foss, Idaho Department of Lands
Russell Haas, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Dr. Dale E. Herman, North Dakota State University
Scott Hochhalter, North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee
David Hopkins, North Dakota State University
Irene Iverson, North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee
Dan Kelner, South McHenry Soil Conservation District
Michael Knudson, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Christine Kuntz, City Forester - Minot
Jerry Larson, NDSU Extension Service - Stark/Billings County
Terry Lund, Foster County Soil Conservation District
Dr. Dwain Meyer, North Dakota State University
Greg Morgenson, Lincoln-Oakes Nursery
Dennis Neumann, Centennial Trees Commission
Bill Schroeder, Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration - Canada
Arden Tagestad, North Dakota Forest Service
Keith Ticknor, MNTC, Natural Resources Conservation Service - Nebraska
Michael Ulmer, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Reid Vaagen, North Dakota State University
John Van Ells, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Dr. James Walla, North Dakota State University
Bruce Wight, MNTC, Natural Resources Conservation Service - Nebraska
Dr. Richard Zollinger, North Dakota State University Extension Service

The authors wish to especially thank the following people for their tireless assistance in the preparation and technical review of this handbook:

Larry Chaput, Research Specialist, Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University
Dr. Richard Cunningham, Research Geneticist, Agricultural Research Service
Richard Gilmore, Director, Centennial Trees Commission
Russell Haas, Plant Materials Specialist, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Dr. Dale E. Herman, Professor of Horticulture, Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University
Greg Morgenson, Nursery Manager, Lincoln-Oakes Nursery
Dwight Tober, Plant Materials Center Manager, Natural Resources Conservation Service

The authors wish to thank the following individuals at North Dakota State University for taking our raw data and turning it into a user friendly handbook:

Gary Moran, Agricultural Editor, NDSU Agriculture Communication
Agnes Vernon, Visual Communication Specialist, NDSU Agriculture Communication
NDSU Agriculture Communication Graphics
Patsy Smith, Secretary, Department of Plant Science, NDSU Extension Service
For providing a large number of quality photographs in a short time, special thanks are in order for Harold Caldwell.

Many other individuals, too numerous to mention, from within a variety of state and federal agencies have provided resources and/or technical assistance in the preparation of this publication.

To all participants the authors extend their deepest appreciation.

The following references were used to develop descriptive identifications for each species:

American Wildlife & Plants: A Guide To Wildlife Food Habits. Martin, A.C.; H.S. Zim and A.L. Nelson. Dover Publications, Inc. 1951.

A Modern Herbal. Grieve, M. Dorset Press. 1994.

Arboriculture: Integrated Management of Landscape Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Harris, R.W. Prentice Hall. 1992.

Common Insect Pests of Trees In The Great Plains. Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service. Great Plains Agricultural Council Publication No. 119. 1986.

Diseases of Trees in the Great Plains. Riffle, J.W. and G.W. Peterson. United States Department of Agriculture. 1986.

Glossary of Soil Science Terms. Soil Science Society of America. 1979.

Growing Fruit in the Upper Midwest. Gordon, D. University of Minnesota Press. 1991.

Handbook of North Dakota Plants. Stevens, O.A.. North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies. 1963.

How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts. Densmore, F. Dover Publications, Inc. 1974.

Knowing Your Trees. Collingwood, G.H. and W.D. Brush. The American Forestry Association. 1978.

Landscape Management. Feucht, J.R. and J.D. Butler. Van Nostrand Reinhold. 1988.

Landscaping for Wildlife. Henderson, C.L. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 1987.

Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Dirr, M.A. Stipes Publishing Company, 4th Ed. 1990.

Medical Botany. Lewis, W.H. and P.F. Elvin. Lewis John Wiley & Sons. 1977.

Montana - Native Plants and Early People. Hart, J. The Montana Historical Society and the Montana Bicentennial Administration. 1976.

Naturally Occurring Insecticides. Jacobson, M. and P.G. Crosby. Marcell Dekker, Inc. 1977.

North American Trees. Preston, R.J., Jr. Iowa State University Press. 1961.

Physiology of Woody Plants. Kramer, J. and T.T. Kozlowski. Academic Press, Inc.. 1979.

The Complete Dictionary of Wood. Corkhill, T. Dorset Press. 1979.

Trees and Shrubs for the Northern Plains. D.G. Hoag. North Dakota Institute For Regional Studies. 1965.

Trees and Shrubs for a More Beautiful North Dakota. Zaylskie, J.J. NDSU Extension Service. 1966.

Tree and Shrubs for Northern Gardens. Snyder, L.C. University of Minnesota. 1980.

Tree Maintenance. Pirone, P.P. Oxford University Press. 1988.

Tree Planting Handbook For The Dakotas. committee editors. 1974.

Uses of Plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region. Gilmore, M.R. University of Nebraska Press. 1977.

Wild Fruits An Illustrated Field Guide & Cookbook. Fielder, M. Contemporary Books, Inc. 1983.

Woody Ornamentals For The Prairies. Knowles, H. University of Alberta Faculty of Extension. 1989.

The project coordinators and authors extend their sincere appreciation to the North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee for their vision and leadership in securing the financial resources and identifying the need for the North Dakota Tree Handbook. The following members authorized the request for project funding:

Joseph C. Breker - Havana, N.D.
Joyce M. Byerly - Watford City, N.D.
Wayne E. Carter - Glen Ullin, N.D.
Richard J. Groven - Northwood, N.D.
C. E. "Cap" Haugeberg - Max, N.D.
Kent R. Swenson - Belfield, N.D.
Nolan Verwest - Finley, N.D.



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