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Heating Solid Food Safely

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Heating Solid Food Safely - FN715

Whether warming bottles or solid foods, it is ALWAYS important to use safe heating practices to keep your baby happy and healthy. Although you may be an expert at feeding your little one, remember that babysitters and family members may not know how to heat bottles and food correctly. Leaving complete instructions in a handy location, such as on the refrigerator door, may help you and the caregiver feel comfortable and relaxed come feeding time.

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Choking Dangers

Safe Food For Babies and Children: Choking Dangers - FN664

Every child is at risk of choking: Older infants and children less than 5 years old easily can choke on food, toys and household objects. A single choking incident may result in death, permanent brain damage due to lack of oxygen and other complications associated with airway blockage. This publication provides tips on choking prevention.

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Guide for Babysitters - Parent Edition

Safe Food for Babies and Children: A Guide for Babysitters- Parents Edition - FN663

As a parent, you most likely will need a babysitter to look after your children at some time. Infants and young children are especially vulnerable to foodborne illness, and even a small error in food preparation can cause severe illness. Making sure your babysitter is prepared to provide care safely will assure a positive experience for both you and your sitter.

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It's Clean, But Is It Sanitized?

It's Clean, But Is It Sanitized? - FN1350

Find out the difference between cleaning and sanitizing.

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Germ Defense Pyramid

Germ Defense Pyramid - FN1349

This publication provides timetables and solution recommendations for cleaning and disinfecting your home.

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Livable Homes

Livable Homes: Evaluating Our Homes for Comfort, Safety and Independence - FS1683

Most of us want to remain in our own homes as long as possible. As we get older, doing so may be more challenging without a successful fit between our home environment and our needs. When a fit does not occur, physical differences become barriers to independent living.

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Boiling Water-bath Canner

Questions and Answers About Using a Boiling Water-bath Canner - FN1425

Water-bath canning is a method of preserving high-acid foods. Fresh foods contain a high percentage of water, which makes them very perishable. High-acid foods can be preserved safely when they reach temperatures provided by a boiling water-bath canner. To kill harmful molds, yeasts and some bacteria, processing using the boiling water-bath method ensures the safety of preserved produce. However, this method does not provide high enough temperatures to destroy botulinum spores in low-acid foods such as vegetables.

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Iron and Manganese Removal

It's All In Your Water Iron and Manganese Removal - WQ1030

Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may affect you and what the treatment options are.

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Home Envelope

Home Envelope: an energy guide to help you keep the outside out and the inside in - AE1616

The NDSU Extension Service has a long history of providing research-based information to help people make informed decisions concerning their energy use. This guide, originally developed by the Division of Energy Resources in the Minnesota Department of Commerce, is designed to help you figure out what steps you can take to reduce energy use in your home. Although you might not be able to do all of the improvements yourself or may not need to, this guide will provide an introduction to home energy use.

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Keep You Home Healthy

Keep Your Home Healthy - AE1204

Topics covered are related to maintaining indoor air quality with a primary focus on moisture related issues. topics include ventilation, mold, moisture control, drainage including drain tile, crawl spaces, pollutants and air filters.

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Heating Farm Shops

Heating Farm Shops - AE1620

A number of choices are available when selecting a heating system for the farm shop. This publication will help you make a more informed choice.

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Shopping For a New or Reduced-term Mortgage

Shopping For a New or Reduced-term Mortgage - FE242

By knowing what to look for and shopping around, you can save thousands of dollars in closing costs and interest payments during the life of your housing loan or mortgage. This publication will help with ideas on making housing decisions.

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Keep Cold Foods Cold

BAC Down! Keep Cold Foods Cold - FN612

Give bacteria the cold shoulder. Find the Chill challenge, the chill solution and the cool rules in this brochure.

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Plugging Home Drains to Prevent Sewage Backup

Plugging Home Drains to Prevent Sewage Backup - AE1476

To reduce the possibility of sewage backing into a home, homeowners will need to seal areas where sewage can flow in during periods of excessive rains or flooding. Sewage not only can damage building components and carpeting, it also has high concentrations of bacteria, protozoans and other pathogens that can pose serious health risks.

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Individual Home Sewage Treatment Systems

Individual Home Sewage Treatment Systems - AE892

This publication contains information on the design, installation and maintenance of individual home sewage treatment systems. It is meant to be a homeowner reference document. An individual sewage system both treats and disposes of household wastewater. If a homeowner understands how the various components of a home sewage system work, then a properly designed and installed system will function for many years with a minimum of maintenance and upkeep

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Caught in the Grain!

Caught in the Grain! - AE1102

People can become caught or trapped in grain in three different ways: the collapse of bridged grain, the collapse of a vertical wall of grain, and entrapment in flowing grain. Moving or flowing grain is involved in all three. People who work with grain – loading it, unloading it, and moving it from bin to bin – need to know about the hazards of flowing grain and how to prevent a grain entrapment situation.

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Grain Stream Sampling and Sampler Construction

Grain Stream Sampling and Sampler Construction - AE1044

Accurate grain sampling is equally important to both the producer and the buyer of grain. A grain sample is important because information from the sample is used to establish the quality characteristics and the value of the grain. Therefore, it is important that proper thought and attention be given to the method of collection, sample size, and frequency of sample collection per unit volume of grain.

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Handling Liquid Feed Commodities

Handling Liquid Feed Commodities - AS1272

Liquid feeds are useful for conditioning rations, improving palatability, reducing dustiness and providing nutrients to livestock. Many liquid byproduct materials are available for use in beef cattle rations. In addition, a number of commercial liquid supplement products also are available.

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Water Softening

Water Softening (Ion Exchange) - WQ1031

Standard water softeners found in home supply and hardware stores will remove nearly all the calcium and magnesium from the raw water during the softening process. Softeners also will remove up to 10 parts per million (ppm) of iron and manganese. Water supplies with high levels of iron and manganese (greater than 10 ppm) may need pretreatment to prolong the lifespan of a water softener.

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Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development

Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development - WQ1614

As oil development increases in North Dakota, private water well owners may be concerned about the quality and quantity of water they use or may use in the future.

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