Home & Farm
Whether warming bottles or solid foods, it is ALWAYS important to use safe heating practices to keep your baby happy and healthy. Although you may be an expert at feeding your little one, remember that babysitters and family members may not know how to heat bottles and food correctly. Leaving complete instructions in a handy location, such as on the refrigerator door, may help you and the caregiver feel comfortable and relaxed come feeding time.
Every child is at risk of choking: Older infants and children less than 5 years old easily can choke on food, toys and household objects. A single choking incident may result in death, permanent brain damage due to lack of oxygen and other complications associated with airway blockage. This publication provides tips on choking prevention.
As a parent, you most likely will need a babysitter to look after your children at some time. Infants and young children are especially vulnerable to foodborne illness, and even a small error in food preparation can cause severe illness. Making sure your babysitter is prepared to provide care safely will assure a positive experience for both you and your sitter.
Find out the difference between cleaning and sanitizing.
This publication provides timetables and solution recommendations for cleaning and disinfecting your home.
Most of us want to remain in our own homes as long as possible. As we get older, doing so may be more challenging without a successful fit between our home environment and our needs. When a fit does not occur, physical differences become barriers to independent living.
Water-bath canning is a method of preserving high-acid foods. Fresh foods contain a high percentage of water, which makes them very perishable. High-acid foods can be preserved safely when they reach temperatures provided by a boiling water-bath canner. To kill harmful molds, yeasts and some bacteria, processing using the boiling water-bath method ensures the safety of preserved produce. However, this method does not provide high enough temperatures to destroy botulinum spores in low-acid foods such as vegetables.
Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may affect you and what the treatment options are.
The NDSU Extension Service has a long history of providing research-based information to help people make informed decisions concerning their energy use. This guide, originally developed by the Division of Energy Resources in the Minnesota Department of Commerce, is designed to help you figure out what steps you can take to reduce energy use in your home. Although you might not be able to do all of the improvements yourself or may not need to, this guide will provide an introduction to home energy use.
Topics covered are related to maintaining indoor air quality with a primary focus on moisture related issues. topics include ventilation, mold, moisture control, drainage including drain tile, crawl spaces, pollutants and air filters.
A number of choices are available when selecting a heating system for the farm shop. This publication will help you make a more informed choice.
By knowing what to look for and shopping around, you can save thousands of dollars in closing costs and interest payments during the life of your housing loan or mortgage. This publication will help with ideas on making housing decisions.
Give bacteria the cold shoulder. Find the Chill challenge, the chill solution and the cool rules in this brochure.
To reduce the possibility of sewage backing into a home, homeowners will need to seal areas where sewage can flow in during periods of excessive rains or flooding. Sewage not only can damage building components and carpeting, it also has high concentrations of bacteria, protozoans and other pathogens that can pose serious health risks.
This publication contains information on the design, installation and maintenance of individual home sewage treatment systems. It is meant to be a homeowner reference document. An individual sewage system both treats and disposes of household wastewater. If a homeowner understands how the various components of a home sewage system work, then a properly designed and installed system will function for many years with a minimum of maintenance and upkeep
People can become caught or trapped in grain in three different ways: the collapse of bridged grain, the collapse of a vertical wall of grain, and entrapment in flowing grain. Moving or flowing grain is involved in all three. People who work with grain – loading it, unloading it, and moving it from bin to bin – need to know about the hazards of flowing grain and how to prevent a grain entrapment situation.
Accurate grain sampling is equally important to both the producer and the buyer of grain. A grain sample is important because information from the sample is used to establish the quality characteristics and the value of the grain. Therefore, it is important that proper thought and attention be given to the method of collection, sample size, and frequency of sample collection per unit volume of grain.
Liquid feeds are useful for conditioning rations, improving palatability, reducing dustiness and providing nutrients to livestock. Many liquid byproduct materials are available for use in beef cattle rations. In addition, a number of commercial liquid supplement products also are available.
Standard water softeners found in home supply and hardware stores will remove nearly all the calcium and magnesium from the raw water during the softening process. Softeners also will remove up to 10 parts per million (ppm) of iron and manganese. Water supplies with high levels of iron and manganese (greater than 10 ppm) may need pretreatment to prolong the lifespan of a water softener.
As oil development increases in North Dakota, private water well owners may be concerned about the quality and quantity of water they use or may use in the future.