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Latest NDSU Extension Publications
Wet milling of corn results in coproducts that are excellent feedstuffs for dairy cattle when properly fed. With the recent opening of the wet corn milling plant in southeastern North Dakota, two coproducts, wet and dry corn gluten feed (CGF) are available to area producers. However, it also requires some special considerations, not only in feeding, but also in storage and handling (addressed in a companion circular, AS-1127 Corn Gluten Feed–Composition, Storage, Handling, Feeding, and Value).
The maxim ‘no udder – no cow’ summarizes the importance of maintaining udder health in any cow, especially the dairy cow. Protecting the udder and teats is imperative to assure a cow’s longevity in the herd as well as uphold milk quality. Damage to the mammary gland in any form can be devastating to the usefulness of the dairy cow. Winter time in the Northern States presents just such a challenge when cows are exposed to the climatic elements of extensive cold and wind. This is further aggravated by unwanted moisture, leaving the teats vulnerable to damage caused by extensive cold weather conditions.
The term total mixed ration (TMR) may be defined as, “The practice of weighing and blending all feedstuffs into a complete ration which provides adequate nourishment to meet the needs of dairy cows.” Each bite consumed contains the required level of nutrients (energy, protein, minerals and vitamins) needed by the cow.
All too often, discussions of dairy nutrition are limited to nutrients, such as energy and protein, that have a direct impact on milk production. But what about minerals? What are they? Why are they important? How much do cows need? What happens if we don’t provide enough of a particular mineral? Can we provide too much? While varying mineral levels may not have the immediate impact of a major shift in energy or protein levels, the long-term effects on animal health, longevity and growth are significant.
Everyone loves large, stately, picturesque trees, but the nicest species can become a problem if planted under, or too near, overhead power lines. This publication gives a listing of what trees are compatible and which are not.