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Latest NDSU Extension Publications
The six basic nutrients needed in every horse diet are water, protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins and minerals. This publication describes the common feedstuffs fed to horses that supply these nutrients.
Your goals start as a dream, but with financial planning, determination and communication, you can make them a reality. This publication provides information and activities for goal setting so you can get what you really want out of life.
Many people determine the quality of the water they consume by its color and how it smells or tastes. Although these are important criteria, they are primarily aesthetic properties of the water. A glass of water may not be clear or smell or taste good, but it still could be suitable to drink from a health standpoint.The safety of a water supply for human or animal consumption can be determined only by laboratory tests.
Producers have a variety of informational tools available to monitor both the mastitis in their herds and the quality of milk being shipped to processors (Table 1). Somatic cell counts (SCC) are a measure of mastitis in a dairy herd. The SCC will increase in a quarter as a result of an infection. The increase represents white blood cells entering the quarter to fight the infection. The bulk tank somatic cell count (BTSCC) reflects the total number of infected mammary quarters in the herd that are actually being milked into the tank.
Mastitis is complex; there is no simple solution to its control. Some aspects are well understood and documented in the scientific literature. Others are controversial, and opinions are often presented as facts. The information and interpretations presented here represent the best judgments currently accepted by the National Mastitis Council. To simplify understanding of the mastitis complex, it is useful to consider that three major factors are involved in this disease: the microorganisms as the causative agent, the cow as host, and the environment, which can influence both the cow and the microorganisms.