Beef cattle increase body heat production as a response to severe cold exposure by increasing their metabolic rate (heart rate, respiration and blood flow). This means that animals eat more during cold weather to meet their maintenance requirements. Also, cattle that suffer hypothermia or frostbite are more prone to other disease conditions and certainly do not perform as well as cattle that are warm, dry and out of the wind. (NDSU photo)
One of the most important decisions when planning any livestock facility is site selection. The site for the feedlot operation must be suitable for housing, handling and feeding cattle. Also, surface and ground waters must be protected and odor impacts minimized.(NDSU Photo)
Selecting the crop varieties that will grow best in a particular area can make a huge impact on a producer's profitability. Each year, NDSU agricultural researchers conduct variety trials to help determine which varieties produce the best yields under a range of growing conditions. The researchers evaluate the varieties based on a number of characteristics. Using that data, producers should choose the varieties that, on average, perform the best at multiple locations near their farming operation during several years.
Deciding on what size heating system to buy for a farm shop will depend on the size of the shop, how the shop will be used, how well it is insulated and how often the large doors will be opened. The construction of a building also makes a huge difference in how much heat the heating system needs to deliver. (Photo by pippalou at morgueFile.com)
Runoff from a feedlot may transport large quantities of organic matter, nutrients and pathogens. If feedlots are not managed properly, uncontrolled runoff from beef cattle feedlot pens may pollute public waters, thus may pose a risk to aquatic life, as well as recreational and drinking water. Various criteria have been developed to characterize water quality, including physical characteristics, chemical constituents and bacterial content. (Photo by mensatic at morguefile.com)
Not all backgrounding systems work with each type of cattle. Some cattle are best suited to being finished directly after weaning, while other cattle are best finished following an extensive growing program. Because of this, producers should recognize the many types of backgrounding systems that are available.
Many corn fields have areas that are totally brown but also have areas that are still green and growing. In those green spots,
Winter wheat can be a viable crop in today’s cropping systems. It usually is planted and harvested during periods that do not compete with other farm activities. If properly managed, winter wheat has high yield potential and can be an excellent option on land that was not planted last spring.
Results from winter wheat variety trials at various locations in North Dakota are now available. Selecting the crop varieties that will grow best in a particular area can make a huge impact on a producer's profitability. Each year, NDSU agricultural researchers conduct variety trials to help determine which varieties produce the best yields under a range of growing conditions. (Photo – Winter wheat harvest by NDSU)
Before treating with an insecticide, make sure the bins are free of insect-infested grain. Leftover grain should be removed from the bin, and the walls should be swept and vacuumed. All grain handling equipment, such as augers, combines, trucks and wagons, should be thoroughly cleaned and grain residues removed before harvest. Also, the 2013 North Dakota Field Crop Insect Management Guide has good information on insecticides registered for use in stored grains.