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Anhydrous Ammonia: Managing the Risks

anhydrous

More anhydrous ammonia is used as fertilizer in North Dakota than any other nitrogen fertilizer source. Few problems occur when the ammonia is being handled and applied as intended. Most uncontrolled releases are due to improper procedures, careless or untrained workers, or faulty equipment. Wearing protective equipment greatly reduces the chance of injury from an ammonia release. Countless tons of anhydrous ammonia are applied every crop year without problems; safe procedures and good-quality equipment do work. Flickr photo by LandLearn NSW

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Spring Grain Drying

grain bin 22

Stored grain can spoil if its moisture content is too high. The moisture content needs to decrease as the grain temperature increases this spring. Check whether the grain should be dried. Also monitor the grain closely for storage problems, such as mold growth, and insect infestations. NDSU Photo

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Estrus Synchronization for Natural-service Breeding

cattle 3

Breeding systems that utilize natural-service bulls to breed estrus-synchronized females may offer opportunities to get females pregnant earlier in the breeding season, have calves born earlier in the calving season and possibly increase weaning weight of calves born to synchronized females. NDSU photo.

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Detecting Pregnancy in Beef Cattle

drawing blood

Pregnancy detection is a way to identify nonpregnant cows and then decide how to best manage nonpregnant animals on your operation. However, less than 20 percent of beef producers in the U.S. perform a pregnancy check in their herds. If nonpregnant cows are maintained through the winter, producers incur a significant feed cost with no calf in the spring to help offset the feed bill. NDSU photo - Drawing blood to determine pregnancy.

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Understanding the Veterinary Feed Directive

cattle

The use of medications in feed has been an effective and convenient method to prevent and treat certain disease conditions in groups of livestock. However, the proper use of feed medications has changed and will need to be under the oversight and order of a veterinarian. The order is known as a veterinary feed directive. Photo by Kit Peters.

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Growing Mustard in North Dakota

mustard

Mustard is a cash crop that can be planted in rotation with small grains and is available in three types: yellow, brown and oriental. Yellow mustard is the most common type grown in North Dakota. Only small acreages of brown and oriental are being grown. Yellow mustard is used for a table or “hotdog” mustard, while brown and oriental are used for oil and spices. All mustard should be grown under contract, assuring the producer of a guaranteed market. Flickr: Jill Slegrist

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Feeding Ethanol Coproducts

ethanol

Coproducts from the ethanol industry are useful feed ingredients for beef cattle producers. Corn distillers grains are high in energy and protein and can be fed wet or dry in many different types of rations. Extensive research information is available on specific uses of distillers grains in beef cattle diets. Other coproducts can vary in nutrient content and moisture level, so it is recommended that regular sampling and laboratory analysis takes place to adjusting rations accordingly for optimum product use and nutrition. Photo by David Dodge.

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Grassland Management Guide

cattle on pasture

The Ranchers Guide to Grassland Management provides general information on a variety of subjects, such as recordkeeping, range sites, natives plants and stocking rates, that are related to range, pasture and hay land management. References for other sources of information are provided should the reader wish to research the topic in greater depth.

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Increasing Soybean Yields

soybeans

Opportunities exist for farmers to increase soybean yield and profitability by improving plant establishment practices. Research at NDSU showed that the combination of 14-inch rows and a 150,000 pls/acre planting rate without foliar inputs provided the highest net revenue after costs of research factors. Also, management strategies that reduce the time required from planting to canopy closure will increase yield potential. The NDSU study indicated that canopy closure with narrow rows occurred more than a month earlier than with wide rows.

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2014 Barley, Oats, Rye and Flax Variety Trial Results

flax

The successful production of barley, oats, rye and flax depends on numerous factors such as selecting the right variety for a particular area.Characteristics to evaluate in selecting a variety are: yield potential in your area, test weight, straw strength, plant height, reaction to problematic diseases and maturity. Selecting high-quality varieties also is important to maintain market recognition.

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