Apple scab, caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis, is a potentially serious disease of fruit trees and woody plants in the rose family. Crabapples, apples, mountain ash, pear, cotoneaster and hawthorne are all susceptible to this disease. This pathogen affects the leaves and fruits of susceptible hosts, impacting the aesthetic quality of the tree and fruit. Photo by Alan Biggs.
The leading edge of the baby boom began to turn 65 in 2011. That year, 14.4 percent of North Dakota’s population was 65 and older, the 12th highest proportion in the nation. In 16 of the state’s 53 counties, the proportion was at least 23 percent. By 2025, 26 counties are expected to have at least 23 percent seniors. Statewide, the number of seniors is expected to increase by 50 percent (98,595 in 2011 to 148,060 in 2025), with the overall state proportion rising to 17.6 percent.
Growing houseplants is a challenging and rewarding hobby that can be enjoyed by everyone and need not be difficult. Give plants what they need and they’ll do well for you. Give them just about what they need and they hold their own.
Sometimes, cooking for one or two may seem like it’s not worth the trouble; however, everyone needs a variety of foods to stay healthy. Homemade meals usually are more nutritious, better tasting and more economical, compared with restaurant meals. Photo by Steven Depolo.
Indoor air quality is important because we breathe about 5,000 gallons of air daily and spend 90 percent of our time indoors. Indoor air quality problems, such as exposure to carbon monoxide, can be life-threatening and exposure to mold can cause respiratory problems and trigger asthma attacks. Photo by Bill Barber.
A pleasantly sweet, refreshing milk flavor is the key to consumer acceptance. Flavor quality starts at the farm. Check the flavor of your milk regularly because milk flavor can change suddenly if production conditions are altered. For the most effective flavor evaluation, milk samples should be warmed in the range of 55 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures below 50 F tend to mask potential off-flavors. Photo by Judy Baxter.
In North Dakota, 50 percent of energy used in homes is for heating and air conditioning. Properly insulating your home not only saves money, but also makes the home more comfortable. After you determine if you need more insulation, the next decision to make is if you are going to hire a contractor to perform the installation or do it yourself.
The most succulent wild game can be destroyed by improper handling in the field or improper cooking at home. The handling of the meat from harvesting to preparing can make a major difference in flavor and safety of the end product. For example, undesirable strong flavors in the meat can be due to inadequate bleeding, delay or carelessness in dressing or failure to cool the carcass promptly. Photo by Ale
The goal for any reclamation project is to restore a site disturbed during construction activities associated with oil and gas production to its predisturbance ecological structure and functions, as well as control erosion and sediment movement until the reclamation process is complete. The ecological structure and function may include plant community integrity, watershed and water quality protection, wildlife habitat, retaining soil quality and productivity and forage for livestock and wildlife.
Ranchers should establish a specific preventive herd health program in consultation with a veterinarian. A veterinarian can give you realistic expectations and recommendations for disease control and vaccine usage. Each cow-calf operation is different, so there will be unique considerations to achieving herd health.